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STATUS AS AT : 01-07-2015 05:03:44 EDT
CHAPTER XXVI
DISARMAMENT
8 . Arms Trade Treaty
New York, 2 April 2013
Entry into force
:
24 December 2014, in accordance with article 22.
Registration :
24 December 2014, No. 52373
Status :
Signatories : 130. Parties : 69
Text :
Certified true copy
See also C.N.266.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 10 May 2013 (Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Treaty (Arabic and Chinese authentic texts) and C.N.554.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 19 August 2013 (Corrections); C.N.279.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 16 May 2013 (Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Treaty (French and Spanish authentic texts) and the certified true copies) and C.N.553.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 19 August 2013 (Corrections); C.N.297.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 30 May 2013 (Proposal of corrections to the Russian authentic text and the certified true copies) and C.N.584.2013.TREATIES.XXVI-8 of 13 September 2013 (Corrections).
Note :
The Treaty was adopted on 2 April 2013 by resolution 67/234B during the sixty-seventh session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. The Treaty shall be open for signature at the United Nations Headquarters in New York by all States from 3 June 2013 until its entry into force.
Participant
Signature
Provisional application under article 23(n)
Approval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Ratification
Albania
 3 Jun 2013
  19 Mar 2014
Andorra
18 Dec 2014
   
Angola
24 Sep 2013
   
Antigua and Barbuda
 3 Jun 2013
12 Aug 2013 n
12 Aug 2013
Argentina
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Australia
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Jun 2014
Austria
 3 Jun 2013
 3 Jun 2014 n
 3 Jun 2014
Bahamas
 3 Jun 2013
25 Sep 2014 n
25 Sep 2014
Bahrain
21 Nov 2013
   
Bangladesh
26 Sep 2013
   
Barbados
25 Sep 2013
  20 May 2015
Belgium
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Jun 2014
Belize
 3 Jun 2013
  19 Mar 2015
Benin
 3 Jun 2013
   
Bosnia and Herzegovina
25 Sep 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Brazil
 3 Jun 2013
   
Bulgaria
 2 Jul 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Burkina Faso
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Jun 2014
Burundi
 3 Jun 2013
   
Cabo Verde
25 Sep 2013
   
Cambodia
18 Oct 2013
   
Cameroon
 3 Dec 2014
   
Chad
25 Sep 2013
  25 Mar 2015
Chile
 3 Jun 2013
   
Colombia
24 Sep 2013
   
Comoros
26 Sep 2013
   
Congo
25 Sep 2013
   
Costa Rica
 3 Jun 2013
25 Sep 2013 n
25 Sep 2013
Côte d'Ivoire
 3 Jun 2013
  26 Feb 2015
Croatia
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Cyprus
 3 Jun 2013
   
Czech Republic
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Denmark 1
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014 AA
Djibouti
 3 Jun 2013
   
Dominica
 1 Oct 2013
  21 May 2015
Dominican Republic
 3 Jun 2013
   7 Aug 2014
El Salvador
 5 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Estonia
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014 AA
Finland
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
France
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Gabon
25 Sep 2013
   
Georgia
25 Sep 2014
   
Germany
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
Ghana
24 Sep 2013
   
Greece
 3 Jun 2013
   
Grenada
 3 Jun 2013
  21 Oct 2013
Guatemala
24 Jun 2013
   
Guinea
29 Jul 2013
  21 Oct 2014
Guinea-Bissau
26 Sep 2013
   
Guyana
 3 Jun 2013
   4 Jul 2013
Haiti
21 Mar 2014
   
Honduras
25 Sep 2013
   
Hungary
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
Iceland
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Jul 2013 n
 2 Jul 2013
Ireland
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Israel
18 Dec 2014
   
Italy
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Jamaica
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Jun 2014
Japan
 3 Jun 2013
   9 May 2014 A
Kiribati
25 Sep 2013
   
Latvia
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
Lebanon
27 Oct 2014
   
Lesotho
25 Sep 2013
   
Liberia
 4 Jun 2013
  21 Apr 2015
Libya
 9 Jul 2013
   
Liechtenstein
 3 Jun 2013
  16 Dec 2014
Lithuania
 3 Jun 2013
  18 Dec 2014
Luxembourg
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Jun 2014
Madagascar
25 Sep 2013
   
Malawi
 9 Jan 2014
   
Malaysia
26 Sep 2013
   
Mali
 3 Jun 2013
   3 Dec 2013
Malta
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Mauritania
 3 Jun 2013
   
Mexico
 3 Jun 2013
25 Sep 2013 n
25 Sep 2013
Mongolia
24 Sep 2013
   
Montenegro
 3 Jun 2013
  18 Aug 2014
Mozambique
 3 Jun 2013
   
Namibia
25 Sep 2014
   
Nauru
25 Sep 2013
   
Netherlands
 3 Jun 2013
  18 Dec 2014 A
New Zealand 2
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Sep 2014 n
 2 Sep 2014
Niger
24 Mar 2014
   
Nigeria
12 Aug 2013
  12 Aug 2013
Norway
 3 Jun 2013
12 Feb 2014 n
12 Feb 2014
Palau
 3 Jun 2013
   
Panama
 3 Jun 2013
  11 Feb 2014
Paraguay
19 Jun 2013
   9 Apr 2015
Peru
24 Sep 2013
   
Philippines
25 Sep 2013
   
Poland
 1 Jul 2013
  17 Dec 2014
Portugal
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Republic of Korea
 3 Jun 2013
   
Republic of Moldova
10 Sep 2013
   
Romania
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
Rwanda
 5 Jun 2013
   
Samoa
25 Sep 2013
   3 Jun 2014
San Marino
19 Dec 2014
   
Sao Tome and Principe
19 Dec 2014
   
Senegal
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Serbia
12 Aug 2013
12 Aug 2013 n
 5 Dec 2014
Seychelles
 3 Jun 2013
   
Sierra Leone
25 Sep 2013
  12 Aug 2014
Singapore
 5 Dec 2014
   
Slovakia
10 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
Slovenia
 3 Jun 2013
   2 Apr 2014
South Africa
25 Sep 2013
  22 Dec 2014
Spain
 3 Jun 2013
 3 Jun 2013 n
 2 Apr 2014
St. Kitts and Nevis
 5 Jun 2013
  15 Dec 2014
St. Lucia
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
 3 Jun 2013
 3 Jun 2014 n
 3 Jun 2014
Suriname
 3 Jun 2013
   
Swaziland
 4 Sep 2013
   
Sweden
 3 Jun 2013
16 Jun 2014 n
16 Jun 2014
Switzerland
 3 Jun 2013
30 Jan 2015 n
30 Jan 2015
Thailand
25 Nov 2014
   
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
25 Sep 2013
   6 Mar 2014
Togo
 3 Jun 2013
   
Trinidad and Tobago
 3 Jun 2013
25 Sep 2013 n
25 Sep 2013
Turkey
 2 Jul 2013
   
Tuvalu
 3 Jun 2013
   
Ukraine
23 Sep 2014
   
United Arab Emirates
 9 Jul 2013
   
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
 3 Jun 2013
 2 Apr 2014 n
 2 Apr 2014
United Republic of Tanzania
 3 Jun 2013
   
United States of America
25 Sep 2013
   
Uruguay
 3 Jun 2013
  25 Sep 2014
Vanuatu
26 Jul 2013
   
Zambia
25 Sep 2013
   
Zimbabwe
18 Dec 2014
   
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon acceptance, accession, approval, ratification or provisional application.)
Belgium

7 June 2013


       Declaration:
        “This signature engages also the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.”
Liechtenstein

Declarations:
       "It is the understanding of Liechtenstein that the terms "export", "import", "transit", "transshipment" and "brokering" in Article 2, paragraph 2, include, in light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with their ordinary meaning, monetary or non-monetary transactions, such as gifts, loans and leases, and that therefore these activities fall under the scope of this Treaty.
       It is the understanding of Liechtenstein that the term "grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which it is a party" in Article 6, paragraph 3, encompasses acts committed in international and in non-international armed conflicts, and includes, among others, serious violations of Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions of 1949; as well as, for States Parties to the relevant agreements, war crimes as described in the Hague Convention IV of 1907 and its Regulations, the Additional Protocols of 1977 to the Geneva Conventions and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court of 1998.
       It is the understanding of Liechtenstein that the term "knowledge" in Article 6, paragraph 3, in light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with its ordinary meaning, implies that the State Party concerned shall not authorise the transfer if it has reliable information providing substantial grounds to believe that the arms or items would be used in the commission of the crimes listed.
       It is the understanding of Liechtenstein that the term "overriding risk" in Article 7, paragraph 3, encompasses, in light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with the ordinary meaning of all equally authentic language versions of this term in this Treaty, an obligation not to authorise the export whenever the State Party concerned determines that any of the negative consequences set out in paragraph 1 are more likely to materialise than not, even after the expected effect of any mitigating measures has been considered.
       It is the understanding of Liechtenstein that Article 26, paragraph 2, seeks to ensure that in a private law dispute, this Treaty cannot be relied upon as a reason to declare as invalid existing or future international defence cooperation agreements concluded between States Parties, and as a consequence, this Treaty remains applicable for any State Party in disregard of obligations under a defence cooperation agreement, in accordance with the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969.”

New Zealand 2

Declarations:
       “…
       the Government of New Zealand
       …
       DECLARES that it considers that the reference to “ammunitions/munitions” in Article 3 of the Treaty means “ammunition and munitions” and that accordingly the scope of the Treaty includes both ammunition and munitions fired, launched or delivered by the conventional arms covered under Article 2(1);
       AND DECLARES that it considers the reference to “grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which it is a Party” in Article 6(3), encompasses acts committed in international and in non-international armed conflict, and includes serious violations of Common Article 3 to the Geneva Convention of 1949 as well as, for States Parties to the relevant agreements, war crimes as described in the Hague Convention IV of 1907 and its Regulations, the Additional Protocols of 1977 to the Geneva Conventions and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court;
       AND DECLARES that it considers the effect of the term “overriding risk” in Article 7(3) is to require that it decline to authorize any export where it is determined that there is a substantial risk of any of the negative consequences in Article 7(1);
       AND DECLARES that it considers that where a non-monetary transaction, such as a gift, loan or lease, involves the transfer or arms or items within the scope of the Treaty, such transaction will be covered by the Treaty;
       AND DECLARES that it considers that the Treaty does not place any further restrictions on the international movement of small arms for legitimate recreational and sporting activities where there is no change in ownership of these arms;
       AND DECLARES that it considers that all obligations in the Treaty relating to transit and transshipment of arms or items within the scope of the Treaty must be read in the light of Article 9 …”

Switzerland

Declaration:
       … It is the understanding of Switzerland that the terms "export", "import", "transit", "transshipment" and "brokering" in Article 2, paragraph 2, include, in the light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with their ordinary meaning, monetary or non-monetary transactions, such as gifts, loans and leases, and that therefore these activities fall within the scope of this Treaty.
       It is the understanding of Switzerland that the term "grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions of 1949, attacks directed against civilian objects or civilians protected as such, or other war crimes as defined by international agreements to which it is a Party" in article 6, paragraph 3, encompasses acts committed in international and in non-international armed conflicts, and includes, among others, serious violations of Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions of 1949; as well as, for States Parties to the relevant agreements, war crimes as described in the Hague Convention IV of 1907 and its Regulations, the Additional Protocols of 1977 to the Geneva Conventions and the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court of 1998.
       It is the understanding of Switzerland that the term "knowledge" in Article 6, paragraph 3, in the light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with its ordinary meaning, implies that the State Party concerned shall not authorize the transfer if it has reliable information providing substantial grounds to believe that the arms or items would be used in the commission of the crimes listed.
       It is the understanding of Switzerland that the term "overriding risk" in Article 7, paragraph 3, encompasses, in the light of the object and purpose of this Treaty and in accordance with the ordinary meaning of all equally authentic language versions of this term in this Treaty, an obligation not to authorize the export whenever the State Party concerned determines that any of the negative consequences set out paragraph 1 are more likely to materialize than not, even after the expected effect of any mitigating measures has been considered.
       It is the understanding of Switzerland that Article 26, paragraph 2, seeks to ensure that in a private law dispute, this Treaty cannot be relied upon as a reason to declare as invalid existing or future international defence cooperation agreements concluded between States Parties, and as a consequence, this Treaty remains applicable for any State Party in disregard of obligations under a defence cooperation agreement, in accordance with the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties of 1969.

End Note
1. Upon its Approval of the Treaty, the Government of Denmark notified the Secretary-General of the following:
"The Treaty shall not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland until further notice."
2. Upon its Ratification of the Treaty, the Government of New Zealand notified the Secretary-General of the following:
“… consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, [the] ratification [of the Arms Trade Treaty] shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the depository on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory …”