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STATUS AS AT : 20-04-2014 08:02:38 EDT
CHAPTER XXVI
DISARMAMENT
2 .a Additional Protocol to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons which may be deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects (Protocol IV, entitled Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons)
Vienna, 13 October 1995
Entry into force
:
30 July 1998, in accordance with article 2 of the Additional Protocol.
Registration :
30 July 1998, No. 22495
Status :
Parties : 102
Text :
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 1380, p. 370; Doc. CCW/CONF.I/16 Part I).
Note :
At its 8 plenary meeting on 13 October 1995, the Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to Have Indiscriminate Effects adopted pursuant to article 8.3 (b) of the Convention an additional Protocol entitled "Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons (Protocol IV)".
Participant
Consent to be bound(P), Succession(d)
Albania
28 Aug 2002 P
Antigua and Barbuda
23 Aug 2010 P
Argentina
21 Oct 1998 P
Australia
22 Aug 1997 P
Austria
27 Jul 1998 P
Bangladesh
 6 Sep 2000 P
Belarus
13 Sep 2000 P
Belgium
10 Mar 1999 P
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
21 Sep 2001 P
Bosnia and Herzegovina
11 Oct 2001 P
Brazil
 4 Oct 1999 P
Bulgaria
 3 Dec 1998 P
Burkina Faso
26 Nov 2003 P
Cabo Verde
16 Sep 1997 P
Cambodia
25 Mar 1997 P
Cameroon
 7 Dec 2006 P
Canada
 5 Jan 1998 P
Chile
15 Oct 2003 P
China
 4 Nov 1998 P
Colombia
 6 Mar 2000 P
Costa Rica
17 Dec 1998 P
Croatia
25 Apr 2002 P
Cuba
14 Nov 2012 P
Cyprus
22 Jul 2003 P
Czech Republic
10 Aug 1998 P
Denmark
30 Apr 1997 P
Dominican Republic
21 Jun 2010 P
Ecuador
16 Dec 2003 P
El Salvador
26 Jan 2000 P
Estonia
20 Apr 2000 P
Finland
11 Jan 1996 P
France
30 Jun 1998 P
Gabon
22 Sep 2010 P
Georgia
14 Jul 2006 P
Germany
27 Jun 1997 P
Greece
 5 Aug 1997 P
Guatemala
30 Aug 2002 P
Guinea-Bissau
 6 Aug 2008 P
Holy See
22 Jul 1997 P
Honduras
30 Oct 2003 P
Hungary
30 Jan 1998 P
Iceland
22 Aug 2008 P
India
 2 Sep 1999 P
Ireland
27 Mar 1997 P
Israel
30 Oct 2000 P
Italy
13 Jan 1999 P
Jamaica
25 Sep 2008 P
Japan
10 Jun 1997 P
Kazakhstan
 8 Jul 2009 P
Kuwait
24 May 2013 P
Latvia
11 Mar 1998 P
Liberia
16 Sep 2005 P
Liechtenstein
19 Nov 1997 P
Lithuania
 3 Jun 1998 P
Luxembourg
 5 Aug 1999 P
Madagascar
14 Mar 2008 P
Maldives
 7 Sep 2000 P
Mali
24 Oct 2001 P
Malta
24 Sep 2004 P
Mauritius
24 Dec 2002 P
Mexico
10 Mar 1998 P
Mongolia
 6 Apr 1999 P
Montenegro 1
23 Oct 2006 d
Morocco
19 Mar 2002 P
Nauru
12 Nov 2001 P
Netherlands 2
25 Mar 1999 P
New Zealand
 8 Jan 1998 P
Nicaragua
 5 Dec 2000 P
Niger
18 Sep 2007 P
Norway
20 Apr 1998 P
Pakistan
 5 Dec 2000 P
Panama
26 Mar 1997 P
Paraguay
 3 Dec 2008 P
Peru
 3 Jul 1997 P
Philippines
12 Jun 1997 P
Poland
23 Sep 2004 P
Portugal
12 Nov 2001 P
Qatar
16 Nov 2009 P
Republic of Moldova
 8 Sep 2000 P
Romania
25 Aug 2003 P
Russian Federation
 9 Sep 1999 P
Saudi Arabia
 7 Dec 2007 P
Serbia
12 Aug 2003 P
Seychelles
 8 Jun 2000 P
Sierra Leone
30 Sep 2004 P
Slovakia
30 Nov 1999 P
Slovenia
 3 Dec 2002 P
South Africa
26 Jun 1998 P
Spain
19 Jan 1998 P
Sri Lanka
24 Sep 2004 P
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
 6 Dec 2010 P
Sweden
15 Jan 1997 P
Switzerland
24 Mar 1998 P
Tajikistan
12 Oct 1999 P
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
19 Mar 2007 P
Tunisia
23 Mar 2006 P
Turkey
 2 Mar 2005 P
Ukraine
28 May 2003 P
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
11 Feb 1999 P
United States of America
21 Jan 2009 P
Uruguay
18 Sep 1998 P
Uzbekistan
29 Sep 1997 P
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and
reservations were made upon concent to be bound or succession.)
Australia

Declaration:
       "It is the understanding of the Government of Australia that the provisions of Protocol IV shall apply in all circumstances."

Austria

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Belgium

Declaration:
       It is the understanding of the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium that the provisions of Protocol IV which by their contents or nature may also be applied in peacetime, shall be observed at all times.

Canada 3

19 October 1998


Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Germany

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Greece

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Ireland

Declaration in relation to article 1:
       "It is the understanding of Ireland that the provisions of the Additional Protocol which by their contents or nature may also be applied in peacetime, shall be observed at all times."

Israel

Declaration:
       “With reference to the scope of application defined in Article 1 of the Convention, the Government of the State of Israel will apply the provisions of the Protocol on Blinding Laser Weapons as well as the Convention and those annexed Protocols to which Israel has agreed to become bound, to all armed conflicts involving regular armed forces of States referred to in article 2 common to the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949, as well as to all armed conflicts referred to in Article 3 common to the Geneva Convention of 12 August 1949.”

Italy

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Liechtenstein

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Netherlands

Declaration:

With regard to Article 1:
       “The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands takes the view that the provisions of Protocol IV which, given their content or nature, can also be applied in peacetime must be observed in all circumstances.”

Poland

Declaration:
       The Republic of Poland believes that the provisions of the Additional Protocol should also be applied during peacetime.

South Africa

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Ireland.]

Sweden

Declarations:
       "--Sweden intends to apply the Protocol to all types of armed conflict;
       - -Sweden intends to pursue an international agreement by which the provisions of the Protocol shall be applicable to all types of armed conflict;
       -- Sweden has since long strived for explicit prohibition of the use of blinding laser which would risk causing permanent blindness to soldiers. Such an effect, in Sweden's view is contrary to the principle of international law prohibiting means and methods of warfare which cause unnecessary suffering."

Switzerland

Declaration:
       [Same declaration,  mutatis mutandis , as the one made by Australia.]

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Declaration:
       ''In relation to Protocol IV, the Government of the United Kingdom declare that their application of its provisions will not be limited to the situations set out in Article 1 of the [1980] Convention."

United States of America

Understanding:
       “It is the understanding of the United States of America with respect to Article 2 that any decision by any military commander, military personnel, or any other person responsible for planning, authorizing or executing military action shall only be judged on the basis of that person’s assessment of the information reasonably available to the person at the time the person planned, authorized or
       executed the action under review, and shall not be judged on the basis of information that comes to light after the action under review was taken.”

End Note
1.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
2.For the Kingdom in Europe.
3.In keeping with the depositary practice followed in similar cases, the Secretary-General proposed to receive the declaration for deposit in the absence of any objection on the part of the Contracting States, either to the deposit itself or to the procedure envisaged, within a period of 90 days from the date of its circulation (i.e. 21 July 1998). None of the Contracting Parties to the Protocol having notified the Secretary-General of an objection within the 90 days period, the declaration was deemed to have been accepted for deposit upon the expiration of the 90 day period in question, i.e. on 19 october 1998.