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STATUS AS AT : 16-04-2014 05:02:43 EDT
CHAPTER VI
NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES
17 . Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961
Geneva, 25 March 1972
Entry into force
:
8 August 1975, in accordance with article 18.
Registration :
8 August 1975, No. 14151
Status :
Signatories : 54. Parties : 125
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 976, p. 3.
Note :
The Protocol was adopted on 24 March 1972 by the United Nations Conference to consider amendments to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, held at Geneva from 6 to 25 March 1972. The Conference was convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations pursuant to resolution 1577 (L)1 of 20 May 1971 of the United Nations Economic and Social Council.
Participant 2, 3
Signature
Ratification, Accession(a), Succession(d)
Algeria
  26 Feb 2003 a
Angola
  26 Oct 2005 a
Antigua and Barbuda
   5 Apr 1993 a
Argentina
25 Mar 1972
16 Nov 1973
Australia
22 Nov 1972
22 Nov 1972
Austria
   1 Feb 1978 a
Bahamas
  23 Nov 1976 a
Bangladesh
   9 May 1980 a
Barbados
  21 Jun 1976 a
Belarus
  13 Sep 2001 a
Belgium
25 Mar 1972
13 Jun 1984
Benin
   6 Nov 1973 a
Botswana
  27 Dec 1984 a
Brazil
25 Mar 1972
16 May 1973
Brunei Darussalam
  25 Nov 1987 a
Bulgaria
  18 Jul 1996 a
Cambodia
25 Mar 1972
 
Cameroon
  30 May 1974 a
Canada
   5 Aug 1976 a
Chile
25 Mar 1972
19 Dec 1975
Colombia
   3 Mar 1975 a
Costa Rica
25 Mar 1972
14 Feb 1973
Côte d'Ivoire
25 Mar 1972
28 Feb 1973
Croatia 4
  26 Jul 1993 d
Cuba
  14 Dec 1989 a
Cyprus
25 Mar 1972
30 Nov 1973
Czech Republic 5
  30 Dec 1993 d
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  15 Jul 1976 a
Denmark
25 Mar 1972
18 Apr 1975
Djibouti
  22 Feb 2001 a
Dominica
  24 Sep 1993 a
Dominican Republic
  21 Sep 1993 a
Ecuador
25 Mar 1972
25 Jul 1973
Egypt
25 Mar 1972
14 Jan 1974
Eritrea
  30 Jan 2002 a
Ethiopia
  11 Oct 1994 a
Fiji
  21 Nov 1973 a
Finland
16 May 1972
12 Jan 1973
France 6
25 Mar 1972
 4 Sep 1975
Gabon
25 Mar 1972
 
Germany 7, 8
25 Mar 1972
20 Feb 1975
Ghana
25 Mar 1972
 
Greece
25 Mar 1972
12 Jul 1985
Guatemala
25 Mar 1972
 9 Dec 1975
Guinea-Bissau
  27 Oct 1995 a
Haiti
25 Mar 1972
29 Jan 1973
Holy See
25 Mar 1972
 7 Jan 1976
Honduras
   8 Aug 1979 a
Hungary
  12 Nov 1987 a
Iceland
  18 Dec 1974 a
India
  14 Dec 1978 a
Indonesia
25 Mar 1972
 3 Sep 1976
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
25 Mar 1972
18 Dec 2001
Iraq
  25 Sep 1978 a
Ireland
  16 Dec 1980 a
Israel
27 Mar 1972
 1 Feb 1974
Italy
25 Mar 1972
14 Apr 1975
Jamaica
   6 Oct 1989 a
Japan
15 Dec 1972
27 Sep 1973
Jordan
25 Mar 1972
28 Feb 1973
Kazakhstan
  29 Apr 1997 a
Kenya
   9 Feb 1973 a
Kuwait
   7 Nov 1973 a
Lao People's Democratic Republic
  16 Mar 2009 a
Latvia
  16 Jul 1993 a
Lebanon
25 Mar 1972
 5 Mar 1997
Lesotho
   4 Nov 1974 a
Liberia
25 Mar 1972
 
Libya
  27 Sep 1978 a
Liechtenstein
25 Mar 1972
24 Nov 1999
Luxembourg
25 Mar 1972
13 Oct 1976
Madagascar
25 Mar 1972
20 Jun 1974
Malawi
   4 Oct 1973 a
Malaysia
  20 Apr 1978 a
Mali
  31 Oct 1995 a
Mauritius
  12 Dec 1994 a
Mexico
  27 Apr 1977 a
Monaco
25 Mar 1972
30 Dec 1975
Mongolia
   6 May 1991 a
Montenegro 9
  23 Oct 2006 d
Morocco
28 Dec 1972
19 Mar 2002
Myanmar
  22 Aug 2003 a
Netherlands 10
  29 May 1987 a
New Zealand 11
15 Dec 1972
 7 Jun 1990
Nicaragua
25 Mar 1972
15 Feb 2005
Niger
28 Nov 1972
28 Dec 1973
Norway
25 Mar 1972
12 Nov 1973
Pakistan
29 Dec 1972
 2 Jul 1999
Panama
18 May 1972
19 Oct 1972
Papua New Guinea
  28 Oct 1980 a
Paraguay 12
18 Oct 1972
20 Jun 1973
Peru
25 Mar 1972
12 Sep 1977
Philippines
25 Mar 1972
 7 Jun 1974
Poland
   9 Jun 1993 a
Portugal 3
  20 Apr 1979 a
Republic of Korea
29 Dec 1972
25 Jan 1973
Republic of Moldova
  15 Feb 1995 a
Romania
  14 Jan 1974 a
Russian Federation
   3 Jun 1996 a
San Marino
  10 Oct 2000 a
Senegal
16 Aug 1972
25 Mar 1974
Serbia 4
  12 Mar 2001 d
Seychelles
  27 Feb 1992 a
Singapore
   9 Jul 1975 a
Slovakia 5
  28 May 1993 d
South Africa
25 Mar 1972
16 Dec 1975
Spain
25 Mar 1972
 4 Jan 1977
Sri Lanka
  29 Jun 1981 a
St. Kitts and Nevis
   9 May 1994 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
   3 Dec 2001 d
Sudan
   5 Jul 1994 a
Suriname
  29 Mar 1990 a
Sweden
25 Mar 1972
 5 Dec 1972
Switzerland
  22 Apr 1996 a
Syrian Arab Republic
   1 Feb 1974 a
Thailand
   9 Jan 1975 a
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  13 Oct 1993 a
Togo
25 Mar 1972
10 Nov 1976
Tonga
   5 Sep 1973 a
Trinidad and Tobago
  23 Jul 1979 a
Tunisia
22 Dec 1972
29 Jun 1976
Turkey
25 Mar 1972
20 Jul 2001
Uganda
  15 Apr 1988 a
Ukraine
  27 Sep 2001 a
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13
25 Mar 1972
20 Jun 1978
United States of America
25 Mar 1972
 1 Nov 1972
Uruguay
  31 Oct 1975 a
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
25 Mar 1972
 4 Dec 1985
Zambia
  13 May 1998 a
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, accession or succession.)
Algeria

Declaration:
       The accession of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria to the present Protocol shall in no way signify recognition of Israel.
       This accession may not be construed as leading to entry into relations of any kind with Israel.

Belgium

With a reservation concerning the following articles:
       1. Article 5 amending article 12 (5) of the Single Convention;
       2. Article 9 amending article 29 (1), (2) and (5) of the Single Convention.

Brazil
       "Brazil wishes to take this opportunity to repeat the declaration that was made at the appropriate occasion during the plenary session of the Protocol's Negotiating Conference which took place in Geneva from March 6th to March 24th, 1972, to the effect that the amendments to article 36 of the Convention do not oblige States with laws against extradition of nationals to extradite them.
       "Under the terms of article 21 of the Protocol, Brazil wishes to make it clear that it does not accept the amendment introduced by article 1 of the Protocol to article 2, para. 4, of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs."

Canada
       "Subject to a reservation with respect to subparagraphs (i), (ii) and (iii) of paragraph 2 (b) of the amending article 14."

Cuba
       The accession of the Republic of Cuba to the 1972 Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, shall not be interpreted as recognition of acceptance on the part of the Government of the Republic of Cuba to the racist Government of South Africa, which does not represent the South African people and which, because of its systematic practice of the discriminatory policy of  apartheid , has been expelled from international agencies, condemned by the United Nations and rejected by all the peoples of the world.
       The accession of the Republic of Cuba to the 1972 Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, shall not be interpreted as recognition or acceptance on the part of the Government of the Republic of Cuba of the Government of the Republic of  Korea, because Cuba considers that it does not genuinely represent the interests of the Korean people.
       The Government of the Republic of Cuba declares with respect to the provisions contained in article 14, paragraph (2) (b) (ii), that in accordance with its legal system, and its national laws and practice, it makes extradition conditional only on the existence of bilateral treaties.

Egypt 14

Greece
       "With a reservation to article 1 (4) amending the article 2 of the Single Convention."

India 15
       "The Government of India reserve their position with regard to articles 5, 6, 9, 11 and 14 of the aforesaid Protocol and do not consider themselves bound by the provisions of these articles."

Iraq 16
       This accession shall, however, in no way signify recognition of Israel or entry into any relations therewith.

Israel 16

Upon signature:
       ". . . The Government of Israel will not proceed to the ratification of the Protocol until it has received assurances that all the neighbouring States who intend to become parties to it will do so without reservation or declaration, and that the so-called reservation or declaration referring to Israel and made by one of Israel's neighbours in connection with its participation in the1961 Single Convention, and which was quoted at the meeting of the Second Committee on 18 March 1972, is withdrawn."

Upon ratification:
       ". . . The Government of the State of Israel, in accordance with the powers vested in it by the law, decided to ratify the Protocol while maintaining all its rights to adopt toward all other parties an attitude of complete reciprocity."

Kuwait 16
       The Government of the State of Kuwait takes the view that its accession to the said Protocol does not in any way imply its recognition of Israel, nor does it oblige it to apply the provisions of the aforementioned Protocol in respect of the said country.

Mexico
       In accordance with the provisions of article 21 `Reservations' of the Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, adopted in Geneva on 25 March 1972, the Government of Mexico, in acceding to that international instrument, makes an explicit reservation in respect of the application of articles 5 (amendment to article 12, paragraph 5, of the Single Convention); 6 (amendment to article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2, of the Single Convention); and 11 (new article 21  bis , Limitation of Production of Opium).  Accordingly, as regards the articles in respect of which this reservation is made, Mexico will be bound by the corresponding texts of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, in their original form.

Montenegro 9

Confirmed upon succession:

Reservation:
       With the reservations that articles 9 and 11 of the Protocol shall not apply in the territory of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Myanmar

Reservation:
       " The Government of the Union of Myanmar wishes to express reservation on Article 6 relating to the right of International Narcotics Control Board (INCB).
       The Government wishes to make a reservation on Article 14, Paragraph 2(b) to extradition and does not consider itself bound by the same in so far as its own Myanmar nations are concerned."

Panama

Reservation:
       "With a reservation regarding article 36, paragraph 2 that appears on document of May 3, 1972 signed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Panama."
       [The reservation reads as follows:
       With the express reservation that the amendment which article 14 of the Protocol makes to article 36, paragraph 2, of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 (a) does not modify the extradition treaties to which the Republic of Panama is a party in any manner which may compel it to extradite its own nationals; (b) does not require the Republic of Panama to include, in such extradition treaties as it may conclude in the future, any provision requiring it to extradite its own nationals; and (c) may not be interpreted or applied in any manner which gives rise to an obligation on the part of the Republic of Panama to extradite any of its own nationals.]

Peru
       [The Government of Peru] entertains reservations concerning the last part of the second paragraph of article 5 of the Protocol, amending article 12, paragraph 5, of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, as it considers that the powers conferred therein on the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) are incompatible with its role as a co-ordinating body for national control systems and give it supranational supervisory functions.

Romania

Reservation:
       The Socialist Republic of Romania does not consider itself bound by the provisions contained in article 6, insofar as those provisions relate to States which are not parties to the Single Convention.

Declaration:
       The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the provisions of article 17 of the Protocol are not in accordance with the principle that international multilateral treaties, the aims and objectives of which concern the world community as a whole, should be open to participation by all States.

Serbia 4

Confirmed upon succession:

Reservation:
       With the reservations that articles 9 and 11 of the Protocol shall not apply in the territory of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Objections
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, accession or succession.)
Israel

30 September 2003

With regard to the declaration made by Algeria upon accession :

       "The Government of the State of Israel has noted that the instrument of ratification of Algeria to the above mentioned Protocol contains a declaration with respect to the State of Israel.  The Government of the State of Israel is of the view that such declaration, which is explicitly of a political nature, is incompatible with the purposes and objectives of this Protocol.
       The Government of the State of Israel therefore objects to the aforesaid declaration made by Algeria to the Protocol of 1972 Amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961."

Territorial Application
Participant
Date of receipt of the notification
Territories
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 13, 17 20 Jun 1978 Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Isle of Man, the Associated States (Antigua, Dominica, Saint Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent), Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands and Dependencies, Gibraltar, Gilbert Islands, Hong Kong, Montserrat, Saint Helena and Dependencies, Solomon Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands and Tuvalu.
End Note
1.Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, Fiftieth Session, Supplement No. 1 (E/5044), p. 8.
2.The Protocol had been signed on behalf of the Republic of Viet-Nam on 25 March 1972.  See also  1 under “Viet Nam” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
3.On 12 November 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General that the Protocol will apply to Macau.

Subsequently, on 9 and 15 December 1999, the Secretary-General received communications regarding the status of Macao from China and Portugal (see also note 3 under “China” and note 1 under “Portgual” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume).  Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Macao, China notified the Secretary-General that the Protocol will also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.

4.The former Yugoslavia had signed and ratified the Protocol on 25 March 1972 and 23 June 1978, respectively, with the following reservations:

With the reservations that articles 9 and 11 of the Protocol shall not apply in the territory of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

5.Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 4 June 1991. See also note 1 under  “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
6.With a declaration that the provisions of the Protocol shall apply to the entire territory of the French Republic (European and overseas departments and overseas territories).
7.See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
8.The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Protocol on 4 October 1988. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
9.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
10.For the Kingdom in Europe, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. See also note 2 under “Netherlands” regarding Netherlands Antilles in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
11.Applicable to Niue and Tokelau.  See also note 1 under “New Zealand” regarding Tokelau in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
12.Upon signature on behalf of the Government of Paraguay was affixed  "Ad Referendum" in accordance with the instructions contained in the full powers.  In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 18 October 1972, the Permanent Representative of Paraguay to the United Nations confirmed that the words "Ad Referendum" which preceded his signature should be considered to mean that the Protocol concerned is subject to ratification by the Republic of Paraguay, in accordance with the procedure established by the National Constitution, and to deposit of the instrument of ratification, as provided in the Protocol.
13.See note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
14.In a notification received on 18 January 1980, the Government of Egypt informed the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the reservation relating to Israel.  For the text of the reservation, see United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 976, p. 101.  The notification indicates 25 January 1980 as the effective date of the withdrawal.
15.In a note received by the Secretary-General on 14 December 1978, the Government of India clarified that the reservation made with regard to article 14 of the Protocol relates only to paragraph 2 (b) of article 36 of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961.
16.In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 26 December 1973, the Acting Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations made the following statement:

"The instrument of acceptance by the Government of Kuwait of the Protocol contains a statement of a political character in respect to Israel.  In the view of the Government of Israel, this is not the proper place for making such political pronouncements, which are, moreover, in flagrant contradiction to the principles, objects and purposes of the Protocol.  That statement, therefore, possesses no legal validity whatsoever.

"The Government of Israel utterly rejects that statement and will proceed on the assumption that it has no validity as to the rights and duties of any State Party to the said treaties.

"The declaration of the Government of Kuwait cannot in any way affect Kuwait's obligations under whatever other obligations are binding upon that State by virtue of general international law.

"The Government of Israel, will, in so far as concerns the substance of the matter, adopt toward the Government of Kuwait an attitude of complete reciprocity."

A communication, identical in essence,  mutatis mutandis , was received by the Secretary-General from the Government of Israel on 11 May 1979 in respect of the declaration made upon accession by Iraq.

17.On 3 October 1983 the Secretary-General received from the Government of Argentina the following objection:

[The Government of Argentina makes a] formal objection to the declaration of territorial extension issued by the United Kingdom with regard to the Malvinas Islands (and dependencies), which that country is illegally occupying and refers to as the "Falkland Islands".

The Argentine Republic rejects and considers null and void the [said declaration] of territorial extension.