United Nations - Treaty Collection on the Internet
Skip Navigation Links
      
 
STATUS AS AT : 24-04-2014 05:03:02 EDT
CHAPTER XVIII
PENAL MATTERS
15 . International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
New York, 13 April 2005
Entry into force
:
7 July 2007, in accordance with article 25(1).
Registration :
7 July 2007, No. 44004
Status :
Signatories : 115. Parties : 92
Text :
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2445, p. 89; A/RES/59/290.
Note :
The above Convention was adopted on 13 April 2005 during the 91st plenary meeting of the General Assembly by resolution A/RES/59/290. In accordance with its article 24, the Convention shall be open for signature by all States from 14 September 2005 until 31 December 2006 at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Participant
Signature, Succession to signature(d)
Approval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Ratification
Afghanistan
29 Dec 2005
25 Mar 2013
Albania
23 Nov 2005
 
Algeria
   3 Mar 2011 a
Andorra
11 May 2006
 
Antigua and Barbuda
   1 Dec 2009 a
Argentina
14 Sep 2005
 
Armenia
15 Sep 2005
22 Sep 2010
Australia
14 Sep 2005
16 Mar 2012
Austria
15 Sep 2005
14 Sep 2006
Azerbaijan
15 Sep 2005
28 Jan 2009
Bahrain
   4 May 2010 a
Bangladesh
   7 Jun 2007 a
Belarus
15 Sep 2005
13 Mar 2007
Belgium
14 Sep 2005
 2 Oct 2009
Benin
15 Sep 2005
 
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 7 Dec 2005
 
Brazil
16 Sep 2005
25 Sep 2009
Bulgaria
14 Sep 2005
 
Burkina Faso
21 Sep 2005
 
Burundi
29 Mar 2006
24 Sep 2008
Cambodia
 7 Dec 2006
 
Canada
14 Sep 2005
21 Nov 2013
Central African Republic
  19 Feb 2008 a
Chile
22 Sep 2005
27 Sep 2010
China 1
14 Sep 2005
 8 Nov 2010
Colombia
 1 Nov 2006
 
Comoros
  12 Mar 2007 a
Costa Rica
15 Sep 2005
21 Feb 2013
Côte d'Ivoire
  12 Mar 2012 a
Croatia
16 Sep 2005
30 May 2007
Cuba
  17 Jun 2009 a
Cyprus
15 Sep 2005
28 Jan 2008
Czech Republic
15 Sep 2005
25 Jul 2006
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  23 Sep 2010 a
Denmark 2
14 Sep 2005
20 Mar 2007
Djibouti
14 Jun 2006
 
Dominican Republic
  11 Jun 2008 a
Ecuador
15 Sep 2005
 
Egypt
20 Sep 2005
 
El Salvador
16 Sep 2005
27 Nov 2006
Estonia
14 Sep 2005
 
Fiji
  15 May 2008 a
Finland
14 Sep 2005
13 Jan 2009 A
France
14 Sep 2005
11 Sep 2013
Gabon
15 Sep 2005
 1 Oct 2007
Georgia
  23 Apr 2010 a
Germany
15 Sep 2005
 8 Feb 2008
Ghana
 6 Nov 2006
 
Greece
15 Sep 2005
 
Guatemala
20 Sep 2005
 
Guinea
16 Sep 2005
 
Guinea-Bissau
   6 Aug 2008 a
Guyana
15 Sep 2005
 
Hungary
14 Sep 2005
12 Apr 2007
Iceland
16 Sep 2005
 
India
24 Jul 2006
 1 Dec 2006
Iraq
  13 May 2013 a
Ireland
15 Sep 2005
 
Israel
27 Dec 2006
 
Italy
14 Sep 2005
 
Jamaica
 5 Dec 2006
27 Dec 2013
Japan
15 Sep 2005
 3 Aug 2007 A
Jordan
16 Nov 2005
 
Kazakhstan
16 Sep 2005
31 Jul 2008
Kenya
15 Sep 2005
13 Apr 2006
Kiribati
15 Sep 2005
26 Sep 2008
Kuwait
16 Sep 2005
 5 Sep 2013
Kyrgyzstan
 5 May 2006
 2 Oct 2007
Latvia
16 Sep 2005
25 Jul 2006
Lebanon
23 Sep 2005
13 Nov 2006
Lesotho
16 Sep 2005
22 Sep 2010
Liberia
16 Sep 2005
 
Libya
16 Sep 2005
22 Dec 2008
Liechtenstein
16 Sep 2005
25 Sep 2009
Lithuania
16 Sep 2005
19 Jul 2007
Luxembourg
15 Sep 2005
 2 Oct 2008
Madagascar
15 Sep 2005
 
Malawi
   7 Oct 2009 a
Malaysia
16 Sep 2005
 
Mali
   5 Nov 2009 a
Malta
15 Sep 2005
26 Sep 2012
Mauritania
  28 Apr 2008 a
Mauritius
14 Sep 2005
 
Mexico
12 Jan 2006
27 Jun 2006
Monaco
14 Sep 2005
 
Mongolia
 3 Nov 2005
 6 Oct 2006
Montenegro 3
23 Oct 2006 d
 
Morocco
19 Apr 2006
31 Mar 2010
Mozambique
 1 May 2006
 
Nauru
  24 Aug 2010 a
Netherlands
16 Sep 2005
30 Jun 2010 A
New Zealand
14 Sep 2005
 
Nicaragua
15 Sep 2005
25 Feb 2009
Niger
   2 Jul 2008 a
Nigeria
  25 Sep 2012 a
Norway
16 Sep 2005
20 Feb 2014
Palau
15 Sep 2005
 
Panama
21 Feb 2006
21 Jun 2007
Paraguay
16 Sep 2005
29 Jan 2009
Peru
14 Sep 2005
29 May 2009
Philippines
15 Sep 2005
 
Poland
14 Sep 2005
 8 Apr 2010
Portugal
21 Sep 2005
 
Qatar
16 Feb 2006
15 Jan 2014
Republic of Korea
16 Sep 2005
 
Republic of Moldova
16 Sep 2005
18 Apr 2008
Romania
14 Sep 2005
24 Jan 2007
Russian Federation
14 Sep 2005
29 Jan 2007
Rwanda
 6 Mar 2006
 
Sao Tome and Principe
19 Dec 2005
 
Saudi Arabia
26 Dec 2006
 7 Dec 2007
Senegal
21 Sep 2005
 
Serbia
15 Sep 2005
26 Sep 2006
Seychelles
 7 Oct 2005
 
Sierra Leone
14 Sep 2005
 
Singapore
 1 Dec 2006
 
Slovakia
15 Sep 2005
23 Mar 2006
Slovenia
14 Sep 2005
17 Dec 2009
Solomon Islands
  24 Sep 2009 a
South Africa
14 Sep 2005
 9 May 2007
Spain
14 Sep 2005
22 Feb 2007
Sri Lanka
14 Sep 2005
27 Sep 2007
St. Lucia
  12 Nov 2012 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
   8 Jul 2010 a
Swaziland
15 Sep 2005
 
Sweden
14 Sep 2005
 
Switzerland
14 Sep 2005
15 Oct 2008
Syrian Arab Republic
14 Sep 2005
 
Tajikistan
14 Sep 2005
 
Thailand
14 Sep 2005
 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
16 Sep 2005
19 Mar 2007
Timor-Leste
16 Sep 2005
 
Togo
15 Sep 2005
 
Tunisia
  28 Sep 2010 a
Turkey
14 Sep 2005
24 Sep 2012
Turkmenistan
  28 Mar 2008 a
Ukraine
14 Sep 2005
25 Sep 2007
United Arab Emirates
  10 Jan 2008 a
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
14 Sep 2005
24 Sep 2009
United States of America
14 Sep 2005
 
Uruguay
16 Sep 2005
 
Uzbekistan
  29 Apr 2008 a
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession.)
Algeria

Reservation:
       The Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 23, paragraph 1, of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
       The Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria declares that it deems it essential in all cases that all parties to any dispute are in agreement over referring the dispute to arbitration or to the International Court of Justice.

Argentina

Reservation made upon signature:
       Pursuant to article 23, paragraph 2, the Republic of Argentina declares that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of article 23 and, as a consequence, does not recognize either the compulsory arbitration or the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.

Azerbaijan

Reservation made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
       "In accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 23, the Republic of Azerbaijan declares that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of Article 23 of the Convention."

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
       "The Republic of Azerbaijan declares that it will be unable to guarantee compliance with the provisions of the Convention in its territories occupied by the Republic of Armenia until these territories are liberated from that occupation."

Bahrain

Reservation:
       The Kingdom of Bahrain does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 23, paragraph 1, of the Convention.

Belgium

Declaration:
       The Kingdom of Belgium declares that only nuclear materials and facilities containing nuclear materials are covered by article 18, paragraph 1(b) and (c).

Canada

Declaration:
       “The Government of Canada considers the application of Article 2 (4) (c) of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism to be limited to acts committed in furthering a conspiracy of two or more persons to commit a specific criminal offence contemplated in paragraph 1, 2, or 3 of Article 2.”

China

Declaration:
       The People's Republic of China does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of article 23 of the Convention.

Costa Rica

Interpretative Declarations:
       Article 2 of the Act approving the Convention stipulates that "The Government of the Republic of Costa Rica declares that it shall interpret, in respect of article 11, paragraph 1, of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, that if extradition is not appropriate and the case is found to be time-barred, the acts cannot be tried in national territory."
       Article 3 of the Act approving the Convention establishes that "The Government of Costa Rica affirms that article 15 of the Convention, in accordance with article 31 of the Political Constitution, shall be interpreted to mean that the State does not relinquish its power to classify [an offence] in the specific case when a request for extradition is reviewed."

Cuba

Reservation:
       The Republic of Cuba declares, pursuant to article 23, paragraph 2, that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph 1 of this article with respect to the settlement of disputes arising between States Parties which, in its view, should be resolved through amicable negotiations, and it also declares that it does not recognize the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.

Declarations:
       The Republic of Cuba declares that nothing in article 4, paragraph 2, can be construed as encouraging or condoning the use or threat of use of force in international relations which should, in all circumstances, be strictly governed by the principles of international law and the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations.
       Cuba also holds the view that the relations between States should be based on the provisions of General Assembly resolution 2625 (XXV).
       Furthermore, State terrorism has historically been a fundamental concern for Cuba, which believes that its total eradication through mutual respect, friendly relations and cooperation among States, and full respect for the principles of sovereignty, territorial integrity, self-determination and non-interference in internal affairs should constitute a priority for the international community.
       Therefore, Cuba is firmly of the view that the improper use of the armed forces of a State to commit aggression against another State is not countenanced by this Convention, the purpose of which is specifically to combat one of the most deleterious scourges facing the modern world.
       To condone acts of aggression would effectively mean to condone breaches of international law and the Charter, and to set off conflicts with unpredicatable consequences that would undermine the necessary cohesion of the international community in the fight against the real scourges afflicting the world.
       Moreover, it is the understanding of the Republic of Cuba that the full extent of the provisions of this Convention will apply to the activities conducted by the armed forces of a state against another in the absence of an armed conflict between the two.
       Lastly, Cuba wishes to place on record that a United States naval base is located, against the will of the Cuban people and Government, in the province of Guantanamo, a portion of Cuban territory over which the Cuban State does not exercise its rightful jurisdiction because of the unlawful occupation of such portion of its territory by the United States of America. Consequently, the Government of Cuba assumes no responsibility for that portion of its territory for the purposes of the Treaty, since it does not know whether the United States of America has installed, possesses, maintains or intends to install nuclear material, including nuclear weapons, on that portion of unlawfully occupied Cuban territory.

Egypt 4

Reservation made upon signature:
       1. The Arab Republic of Egypt declares its commitment to article 4 of the Convention provided that the armed forces of a State do not violate the rules and principles of international law in the exercise of their duties under that article, and also provided that the article is not interpreted as excluding the activities of armed forces during an armed conflict from the scope of application of this Convention on the grounds that the activities of States - under certain legal circumstances - are not considered terrorist activities.
       2. The Arab Republic of Egypt declares that it does not consider itself bound by paragraph 1 of article 23 of the Convention.

Georgia

Reservation:
       “… the Government of Georgia makes reservation that it does not consider itself bound by article 23, paragraph 1 of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism to submit to arbitration disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention at the request of one of the State Party. ... "

India

Reservation:
       "India does not consider itself bound by the provision of Paragraph (1) of Article 23."

Jamaica

6 February 2014


Late Reservation:
       “The Government of Jamaica does not consider itself bound by the provisions of Paragraph 1 of Article 23 of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.”

Kuwait

Reservation:
       Kuwait shall not be bound by the provisions set out in article 23, paragraph 1, concerning submission of disputes to arbitration or to the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.

Malta

Declaration and reservation:
       “In terms of article 9, Malta will exercise jurisdiction in terms of paragraph 2 (a), (b), (d) and (e).
       The Government of Malta shall not be bound by the provision of paragraph 1 of article 23 of this Convention.”

Morocco

Reservation
       The Kingdom of Morocco does not consider itself bound by article 23, paragraph 1, which provides that any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention which cannot be settled through negotiation or by other means may be referred to the International Court of Justice by application of one of the concerned parties.
       The Kingdom of Morocco declares that a dispute may be referred to the International Court of Justice only by agreement of all concerned parties on a case-by-case basis.

Qatar

Reservation:
       The State of Qatar does not consider itself bound by article 23, paragraph 1 of the Convention concerning referral to the International Court of Justice.

Upon signature:
       Rerservation :
       “... with reservation on the provisions of paragraph (1) of article 23 of the Convention.”

Republic of Moldova

Upon ratification
       Declaration:
       “Until the full re-establishment of the territorial integrity of the Republic of Moldova, the provisions of the Convention will be applied only on the territory controlled effectively by the authorities of the Republic of Moldova.”

Russian Federation

Declaration:
       The position of the Russian Federation is that the provisions of article 16 of the Convention should be implemented in such a way as to ensure the inevitability of responsibility for the commission of offences falling within the scope of the Convention, without detriment to the effectiveness of international cooperation on the questions of extradition and legal assistance.

Saudi Arabia

Reservation:
       The Kingdom hereby declares that it does not consider itself bound by article 23, paragraph 1 of the Convention.

St. Lucia

Declarations:
       “1. In accordance with Article 23 paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Government of Saint Lucia does not consider itself bound by the arbitration procedures established under Article 13 paragraph 1 of the Convention.
       2. That the explicit expressed consent of the Government of Saint Lucia would be necessary for any submission of any dispute to arbitration o[r] to the International Court of Justice.”

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Reservation:
       “…, in accordance with Article 23, paragraph 2 of that Convention, the Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines declares that Saint Vincent and the Grenadines does not consider itself bound by Article 23, paragraph 1, of the Convention.  The Government of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines considers that for the submission of any dispute to arbitration or to the International Court of Justice in terms of Article 23, paragraph 1, the consent of all parties to the dispute is required in each case.”

Turkey 5

Upon ratification:

Declaration:
       It is the understanding of the Republic of Turkey that the term international humanitarian law in article 4(2) of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, refers to the legal instruments to which Turkey is already party to.  The Article should not be interpreted as giving a different status to the armed forces and groups other than the armed forces of a state as currently understood and applied in international law and thereby creating new obligations for Turkey.

Reservation:
       Pursuant to Article 23(2) of the Convention, the Government of the Republic of Turkey declares that it does not consider itself bound by Article 23(1) of the Convention.

Upon signature:
       Declaration:
       "It is the understanding of the Republic of Turkey that the term international humanitarian law in Article 4(2) of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, refers to the legal instruments to which Turkey is already party to. The Article should not be interpreted as giving a different status to the armed forces and groups other than the armed forces of a state as currently understood and applied in international law and thereby creating new obligations for the Republic of Turkey."
       Reservation:
       "Pursuant to Article 23 (2) of the Convention, the Government of the Republic of Turkey declares that it does not consider itself bound by article 23(1) of the Convention."

United Arab Emirates
       Reservation:
       … the United Arab Emirates, having considered the text of the aforementioned Convention and approved the contents thereof, formally declares its accession to the Convention, subject to a reservation with regard to Article 23, paragraph 1 in respect of arbitration. The United Arab Emirates therefore does not consider itself bound by Article 23, paragraph 1 of the Convention.
Uzbekistan

Declaration:
       "Article 16 of the Convention:
       The Republic of Uzbekistan proceeds from the fact that the provisions of Article 16 of the Convention should be applied in such a way as to ensure the inevitability of responsibility for the crimes falling within the scope of the Convention, without prejudice to the effectiveness of international cooperation on extradition and legal assistance;
       Paragraph 2 of Article 23 of the Convention:
       The Republic of Uzbekistan declares that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph 1 of article 23 of the Convention.”

Objections
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification,acceptance, approval or accession.)
Armenia

Objection to the declaration made by Azerbaijan upon ratification:
       “The Republic of Azerbaijan made a declaration on September 15, 2005 with regard to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism at the time of signature and confirmed when depositing the instrument of ratification.  Given that the Republic of Armenia declares:
       The Republic of Azerbaijan deliberately misrepresents the essence of the Nagorno-Karabakh issue, with respect to cause and effect of the conflict.  The conflict arose due to the policy of ethnic cleansing by the Republic of Azerbaijan followed by the massive military aggression against the self-determined Nagorno-Karabakh Republic - with the aim to repress the free will of the Nagorno-Karabakh population.  As a result, the Republic of Azerbaijan has occupied several territories of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.”

Czech Republic

23 September 2013

With regard to the declaration made by Turkey upon ratification:

       “The Government of the Czech Republic has examined the declaration made by the Republic of Turkey upon ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, in which the Republic of Turkey declares its understanding that the term international humanitarian law in article 4(2) of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism refers to the legal instruments to which Turkey is already party to.
       In reaction to this declaration, the Czech Republic would like to express its understanding that the term international humanitarian law in article 4(2) of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism refers to the relevant legal instruments binding on the States Parties to the Convention, as well as to the customary international humanitarian law, which shall continue to apply as such among all States Parties to the Convention.”
Finland

20 September 2013

With regard to the declaration made by Turkey upon ratification:

       “The Government of Finland has carefully examined the contents of the declaration and is of the view that this declaration amounts to a reservation as it seems to modify the obligations of the Republic of Turkey under article 4(2) of the Convention. According to the declaration, the term international humanitarian law is interpreted as only referring to the legal instruments which Turkey is already party to. This interpretation unilaterally alters the definition of international humanitarian law by excluding customary international law from the scope of international humanitarian law. The declaration also contradicts article 4(1) of the Convention.
       The Government of Finland wishes to recall that according to customary international law, as codified in the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, a reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of the treaty is not permitted. In its present formulation, the reservation relating to article 4(2) is in contradiction with the object and purpose of the Convention.
       Therefore, the Government of Finland objects to the reservation relating to article 4(2) made by the Republic of Turkey. This objection does not preclude the entry into force of the Convention between Finland and the Republic of Turkey. The Convention will thus become operative between the two States without the Republic of Turkey benefitting from its reservation.”
Netherlands

28 February 2014

With regard to the reservation made by Costa Rica upon ratification
       “The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands has carefully examined the interpretative declaration made by Costa Rica upon ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
       The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands considers that the interpretative declaration made by Costa Rica regarding Article 15 of the Convention in substance constitutes a reservation limiting the scope of the Convention.
       The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands considers that with this reservation the application of the Convention is made subject to national legislation in force in Costa Rica.
       The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands considers that reservations of this kind must be regarded as incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention and would recall that, according to Article 19 (c) of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, a reservation incompatible with the object and purpose of a treaty shall not be permitted.
       The Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands therefore objects to the reservation of Costa Rica to Article 15 of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.
       This objection shall not preclude the entry into force of the Convention between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and Costa Rica.”

Notifications made pursuant to article 9 (3)
(Unless otherwise indicated, the notifications were made upon ratification,
acceptance, approval or accession.)
Belarus
       The Republic of Belarus establishes its jurisdiction over the offences set forth in article 2 in cases envisaged in paragraph 2 of article 9 of the Convention.
China
       In accordance with paragraph 3 of article 9 of the Convention, the People's Republic of China has established the jurisdiction specified in paragraph 2 of article 9 of the Convention.
Côte d'Ivoire

25 October 2012


       Article 9 (3) :
       The State of Côte d’Ivoire establishes its jurisdiction over the offences set forth in article 9 (2).
Czech Republic
       "In accordance with article 9, paragraph 3 of the Convention, the Czech Republic notifies that it has established its jurisdiction over the offences set forth in article 2 of the Convention in cases referred to in article 9, subparagraph 2 (c) and 2 (d) of the Convention."
France
       Article 9 (3)
       Competence, as referred to in Article 9 of the Convention, is established under the ratification Act No. 2013-327 of the Convention of 19 April 2013.

Georgia
       "... In accordance with article 9, paragraph 3 of the Convention, Georgia establishes its jurisdiction over offences provided in article 9, paragraph 2, subparagraphs (a), (b), (c) and (d) of the Convention ..."
Germany
       "… with reference to Article 9, paragraph 3 of the Convention, … the Federal Republic of Germany [makes] the following declaration:
       German criminal law may be applicable in the situations specified in article 9, paragraph 2.
       1. Article 9, paragraph 2 (a)
       Whether German criminal law is applicable depends on the specific circumstances of the individual case.
       If offences under the Convention are committed against a German national abroad, German criminal law is applicable in accordance with section 7 (1) of the Criminal Code, provided the act is punishable at the place of its commission or the place of its commission is not subject to any criminal jurisdiction.
       If the objective or result of the offence is a relevant act within German territory, section 9 of the Criminal Code may be applicable in certain cases. Pursuant to subsection (1) of section 9, German criminal law is applicable if the perpetrator acted in Germany, or if the result of his action is an element of the offence and occurs on German territory or should occur there according to his understanding. Pursuant to subsection (2), acts committed abroad by an accessory may also be covered if the principal act was committed in Germany or should have been committed there according to the accessory’s understanding.
       2. Article 9, paragraph 2 (b)
       Here, too, whether German criminal law is applicable depends on the specific circumstances of the individual case. German law may be applicable if one of the special circumstances mentioned above with respect to subparagraph (a) or below with respect to subparagraph (c) or (d) is given. In addition to those cases, German criminal law may also be applicable pursuant to section 6, paragraph 9 of the Criminal Code in conjunction with the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons, including Diplomatic Agents, of 14 December 1973.
       3. Article 9, paragraph 2 (c)
       German criminal law is applicable pursuant to section 7 (2) paragraph 2, regardless of the habitual residence of the stateless person, if he/she is found to be in Germany and the act is punishable at the place of its commission or is not subject to any criminal jurisdiction, if the perpetrator has not been extradited although the Extradition Act would permit extradition for such an act, because a request for extradition was not made within a reasonable period, has been rejected, or the extradition is not practicable. German criminal jurisdiction is thus excluded for various types of offences, in particular, minor offences, political offences and military offences (sections 3 (2) , 6 and 7 of the Act on International Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters respectively). Stateless persons are foreigners within the meaning of section 7 (2) 2 of the Criminal Code.
       4. Article 9, paragraph 2 (d)
       German criminal law is applicable pursuant to section 9 (1) of the Criminal Code, if the compulsion is part of the result of the act, and such result is an element of the crime.
       5. Article 9, paragraph 2 (e)
       Pursuant to section 4 of the Criminal Code, German criminal law is applicable to acts committed in an aircraft which is entitled to fly the federal flag or the national insignia of the Federal Republic of Germany (see also article 9, paragraph 1 (b), of the Convention)."
Hungary
       "... the Republic of Hungary establishes its jurisdiction in cases mentioned in Article 9 (2) (b) and (e) of the Convention."
Kuwait

Notification:
       In accordance with article 9, paragraph 3, the State of Kuwait declares that it has jurisdiction over the offences set out in article 9, paragraph 2 (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e).

Latvia
       "In accordance with paragraph 3 of the Article 9 of the Convention, the Republic of Latvia notifies that it has established its jurisdiction over all the offences enumerated in the paragraph 2 of the Article 9 of the Convention."
Netherlands
       " ...
       Declaration in respect of article 9, paragraph 3 and paragraph 2, under a, of the Convention:
       In accordance with Article 9, paragraph 3, and with reference to Article 9, paragraph 2, under a, of the Convention, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, for the Kingdom of Europe, has established jurisdiction over the offences under the Convention when the offence is committed against a Dutch national.”
Nigeria
       “The Federal Republic of Nigeria establishes its jurisdiction in cases mentioned in Article 9 (3).”
Republic of Moldova
       “According to the Article 9 paragraph (3) of the Convention: the Republic of Moldova declares that the offences specified in the Article 2 of the Convention are going to be under its own jurisdiction in cases mentioned in the Article 9 paragraph (2) of this Convention.”
Romania
       "In accordance with Article 9, paragraph 3 of the Convention, Romania declares that it establishes its jurisdiction over the offences set forth in Article 2, in all cases referred to in Article 9, paragraphs 1 and 2, in accordance with the applicable provisions of the domestic law."
Russian Federation
       The Russian Federation declares that in accordance with paragraph 3 of article 9 of the Convention it has established its jurisdiction over the offences set forth in article 2 of the Convention in cases envisaged in paragraphs 1 and 2 of article 9 of the Convention.
Saudi Arabia
       The Secretary-General of the United Nations is hereby notified that the Kingdom has decided to establish the jurisdiction provided for in article 9, paragraph 2 of the Convention.
Slovakia
       "Pursuant to article 9, paragraph 3, of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, the Slovak Republic notifies that it has established its jurisdiction in accordance with article 9, paragraph 2, subparagraphs (c), (d) and (e) of the Convention."
Slovenia

17 February 2010


       "In accordance with Article 9 (3) of the Convention, the Republic of Slovenia hereby declares, that it has jurisdiction over all cases, defined in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 9 of the Convention.”
Switzerland
       In accordance with article 9, paragraph 3, of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, Switzerland hereby declares that it establishes its criminal jurisdiction in respect of the offences set forth in article 2 of the Convention in the cases specified in article 9, paragraph 2 (a), (b), (d) and (e) thereof. With respect to article 9, paragraph 2 (c), jurisdiction is established where the offender is present in Switzerland or is extradited to Switzerland … .
Uzbekistan
       Paragraph 3 of Article 9 of the Convention:
       The Republic of Uzbekistan notifies that it has established jurisdiction over criminal acts recognized under Article 2 of the Convention, in the cases described in paragraphs 1 and 2 of Article 9 of the Convention.
Notifications of designation of administrative or judicial authority in accordance with article 7 paragraph 4 of the Convention

(Unless otherwise indicated, the notifications were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.)
Participant
Sending and Receiving agency
Austria
Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz und Terrorismusbekämpfung (BTV)(Federal Agency for State Protection and Counter Terrorism), c/o Federal Ministry of the Interior, Herrengasse 7 A-1014 Vienna, Austria
2 March 2007
Belarus
State Security Agency of the Republic of Belarus, 17, Nezavisimosti av., 220050 Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: (+375 17) 219 92 21, fax: (+375 17) 226 00 38                         Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Belarus,  22, Internacionalnaya str., 220050. Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: (+375 17) 227 31, fax: (+375 17) 226 42 52      Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Belarus, 4, Gorodskoy val str., 220050, Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: (+375 17) 218 78 95, fax: (+375 17) 229 78 40,      Ministry for Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus, 5, Revolucionnaya str., 220050, Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: (+375 17) 203 88 00, fax: (+375 17) 203 77 81, State Border Guard Committee of the Republic of Belarus, 24, Volodarski str.,220050, Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: (+375 17) 206 54 06, fax: (+375 17) 227 70 03, State Customs Committee of the Republic of Belarus, 45/1 Mogilevskaya str., 220007, Minsk, Republic of Belarus, tel: 218-90-00, fax: 218-91-97.        

9 February 2012, the Investigation Committee of the Republic of Belarus was designated as a competent authority and liaison point responsible for sending and receiving the information referred to in the Article 7 of the International Convention in addition to prior designated competent authorities of the Republic of Belarus.


13 March 2007
Belgium
Agence fédérale de contrôle nucléaire/Federaal agentschap voor nucleaire controle (Federal Agency for Nuclear Control) Rue Ravenstein 36 B-1000 Brussels Tel: +32 (02) 289.21.11 Fax: +32 (02) 289.21.12 Organe de coordination pour l'analyse de la menace/Coördinatieorgaan voor de dreigingsanalyse/Coordination Unit for Threat Analysis Rue de la Loi 62 B-1040 Brussels Tel: +32 (02) 238.56.11 Fax: +32 (02) 217.57.29 Service Public Fédéral Interieur - Direction générale Centre de crise/Federale Overheidsdienst Binnenlandse Zaken - Algemene Directie Crisiscentrum (Ministry of the Interior - Crisis Centre) Rue Ducale 53 B-1000 Brussels Tel: +32 (02) 506.47.11 Fax: +32 (02) 506.47.09.

Chile
La Comisión Chilena de Energía Nuclear, Dirección Ejecutiva, Amunátegui No 95, (56-2) 470 2500; luis.ormazabal@cchen.cl, Santiago, Chile

Côte d'Ivoire
The competent authorities and liaison points responsible for sending information are: 1. Le Commandements Supérieur de la Gendarmerie; 2. La Direction Générale de la Police Nationale; 3. La Cellule Nationale de Traitement des Informations Financières (CENTIF).
25 October 2012
Czech Republic
POLICE OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC, Organized Crime Detection UnitArms Traffic Division, P.O. Box 41 - V215680 Praha 5 - Zbraslav, Czech Republic, Tel.: +420974842420, Fax: +420974842596, e-mail: v2uuoz@mvcr.cz(24-hour phone service: - Operations Center: +420974842690, +420974842694- Cpt. Pavel Osvald: +420603191064- Lt.Col. Jan Svoboda: +420603190355)
25 July 2006
Czech Republic
Police of the Czech Republic Organised Crime Detection Unit Arms Traffic Division P.O. Box 41 – V2  156 80 Praha 5 – Zbraslav Czech Republic Tel.: +420974842420 Fax: +420974842596 e-mail: v2uooz@mvcr.cz Operations Center (24-hour phone service): tel.: +420974842689, +420974842690, +420974842694 fax: +420974842586.”
20 April 2009
France
Ministère de l’Écologie, du Développement durable, des Transports et du Logement
17 September 2013
Georgia
Special Operations Center, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia Vazha-Pshavela Ave N 72, Tbilissi, Georgia 0186  Tel. +(995 32) 412382  Fax: +(995 32) 301029

Germany
Bundeskriminalamt (BKA) (Federal Criminal Police Office) Referat ST 23 (Division ST 23) Paul-Dickopf-Str.2 D-53340 Meckenheim Federal Republic of Germany Contactability during working hours (from 7.30 hrs to 16.00 hrs on working days): Referat ST 23phone: +49 2225 89 22588/-23951; fax: +49 2225 89 45455 email: st23@bka.bund.de  Contactability outside working hours: Kriminaldauerdienst (Permanent Criminal Police Service) Phone: +49 2225 89 22042/-22043; fax: +49 611 5545424/-5545425 email: zd11kddmeckenheim@bka.bund.de.”
1 August 2008
Hungary
"International Law Enforcement Cooperation Centre, Message Response and International Telecommunication Division, Tel: + 36-1-443-5557, Fax: + 36-1-443-5815, email: intercom@orfk.police.hu"
13 June 2007
Jamaica
“In accordance with paragraph 4 of Article 7 of the Convention, the competent authorities and liaison points responsible for sending and receiving the information referred to in Article 7 on behalf of Jamaica are: 1. The Permanent Secretary, Ministry of National Security, North Towers, NCB Towers, 2 Oxford Road, Kingston 5, Jamaica W.I, Phone: (876) 906-4908, Fax: (876) 754-3601;  2. The Director General, The International Centre for Environmental and Nuclear Sciences, 2 Anguilla Close, University of the West Indies, Mona Campus, Kingston 7, Jamaica W.I, Phone: (876) 935-8533; (876) 927-1777”
6 February 2014
Japan
"Counter International Terrorism Division, Foreign Affairs and Intelligence Department, Security Bureau, National Police Agency, tel: +81-3-3581-0141 (ext. 5961), fax:: +81-3-3591-6919, Public Security Division, Criminal Affairs Bureau, Ministry of Justice tel: +81-3-3592-7059, fax:: +81-3-3592-7066, International Nuclear Cooperation Division, Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Science Department, Foreign Policy Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs tel: +81-3-5501-8227 fax:: +81-3-5501-8230, Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency, Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry tel: +81-3-3501-1087 fax: +81-3-3580-8460Technology and Safety Division, Policy Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, tel: +81-3-5253-8308, fax: + 81-3-5223-1560"
3 August 2007
Kuwait
The Ministry of Justice of the State of Kuwait is the central authority in respect of the provisions of article 7, paragraph 4 of the Convention

Latvia
Security Police, Kr. Barona Str. 99a, Rïga, LV-1012, Latvia, Phone: +371 7208964, Fax: +371 7273373, E-mail: dp@dp.gov.lv
25 July 2006
Lithuania
"State Security Department (SSD) of the Republic of Lithuania Vytenio St. 1, LT-2009 Vilnius, Republic of Lithuania Phone/Fax: (+370 5) 2312602 E-mail: vsd@vsd.lt."
19 July 2007
Netherlands
The National Public Prosecutor on Counter Terrorism/National Public Prosecutor's Service, P.O. Box 395, 3000 AJ Rotterdam, The Netherlands, Telephone: +31 (0) 10-4966966
30 June 2010
Nigeria
Nigerian Nuclear Regulatory Authority Telephone Number: +234-705-571-7882 Fax:+234-805-210-0758 E-Mail: officialmail@nnra.gov.ng
25 September 2012
Poland
(Anti-Terrorism Center of the Internal Security Agency), 00-993 Warszawa, ul. Rakowiecka 2a, Phone: +48 22 58 57 178, E-mail: cat@abw.gov.pl
6 May 2010
Saudi Arabia
"Ministry of the Interior and The City of King Abdulaziz for Science and Technology."

Slovenia
The Ministry of Interior of the Republic of Slovenia, General Police Directorate, Criminal Police Directorate, International Police Cooperation Division
13 January 2010
Switzerland
Central Engagement Department of the Federal Police Office, Nussbaumstrasse 29, CH – 3003 Berne, telephone no. +41 31 322 44 50, fax no. +41 31 322 53 04
15 October 2008
Uzbekistan
National Security Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan
29 April 2008
End Note
1.The Convention shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China  and, unless otherwise notified, shall not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.
2.With a territorial exclusion in regard to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
3.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
4.The Secretary-General received from the following States, on the date indicated hereinafter, a communication with regard to the reservation made by Egypt upon signature:

Latvia (6 December 2006):

"The Government of the Republic of Latvia has examined the reservation made by the Arab Republic of Egypt to the International Convention on the Suppression of the Acts of Nuclear Terrorism upon signature to the Convention regarding Article 4.

The Government of the Republic of Latvia is of the opinion that this reservation contradicts to the objectives and purposes of the International Convention to suppress the acts of nuclear terrorism wherever and by whomsoever they may be carried out.

The Government of the Republic of Latvia recalls that customary international law as codified by Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, and in particular Article 19 (c), sets out that reservations that are incompatible with the object and purpose of a treaty are not permissible.

The Government of the Republic of Latvia therefore objects to the aforesaid reservation made by the Arab Republic of Egypt to the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism.

However, this objection shall not preclude the entry into force of the Convention between the Republic of Latvia and the Arab Republic of Egypt.  Thus, the International Convention will become operative without the Arab Republic of Egypt benefiting from its reservation.

Italy (27 March 2007):

"The Permanent Mission of Italy has the honor to refer to the reservation made by the Arab Republic of Egypt to article 4 of the Convention, which would extend the application of the Convention to include the armed forces of a State when they "violate the rules and principles of international law in the exercise of their duties."  Such activities would otherwise be excluded from the Convention by article 4. It is the opinion of Italy that Egypt cannot unilaterally extend the obligations of the other StatesParties under the Convention, without their express consent, beyond those set out in the Convention.

Italy wishes to make clear that it does not consent to this expansion of the scope of application of the Convention, and that it does not consider the Egyptian declaration to have any effect on the obligations of Italy under the Convention or on the application of the Convention to the armed forces of Italy.

Italy thus regards the unilateral declaration made by the Government of Egypt as applying only to the obligations of Egypt under the Convention and only to the armed forces of Egypt."

Germany (8 February 2008):

“… [the Federal Republic of Germany makes] the following declaration … with regard to the reservation made by the Arab Republic of Egypt upon signature:

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany has carefully examined the declaration, described as a reservation, relating to article 4 [“paragraph 2 and paragraph 3”] of the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism made by the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt at the time of its ratification of the Convention.

In this declaration the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt declares its commitment to article 4 of the Convention provided that the armed forces of a State do not violate the rules and principles of international law in the exercise of their duties under that article, and also provided that the article is not interpreted as excluding the activities of armed forces during an armed conflict from the scope of application of this Convention on the grounds that the activities of States – under certain legal circumstances – are not considered terrorist activities.

However, article 4, paragraph 2, of the Convention states that the activities of armed forces during an armed conflict, as those terms are understood under international humanitarian law, which are governed by that law, as well as the activities undertaken by military forces of a State in the exercise of their official duties, inasmuch as they are governed by other rules of international law, are not governed by this Convention. Moreover, and according to article 4, paragraph 3, the provisions of article 4, paragraph 2, shall not be interpreted as condoning or making lawful otherwise unlawful acts, or precluding prosecution under other laws. The declaration by the Arab Republic of Egypt thus aims to broaden the scope of the Convention.

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany is of the opinion that the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt is only entitled to make such a declaration unilaterally for its own armed forces, and it interprets the declaration as having binding effect only on armed forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt. In the view of the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany, such a unilateral declaration cannot apply to the armed forces of other States Parties without their express consent. The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany therefore declares that it does not consent to the Egyptian declaration as so interpreted with regard to any armed forces other than those of the Arab Republic of Egypt, and in particular does not recognize any applicability of the Convention to the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany also emphasizes that the declaration by the Arab Republic of Egypt has no effect whatsoever on the Federal Republic of Germany’s obligations as State Party to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism or on the Convention’s applicability to armed forces of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Government of the Federal Republic of Germany regards the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism as entering into force between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Arab Republic of Egypt subject to a unilateral declaration made by the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt, which relates exclusively to the obligations of the Arab Republic of Egypt and to the armed forces of the Arab Republic of Egypt.”

5. The Secretary-General received from the following State, on the date indicated hereinafter, a communication with regard to the declaration and reservation made by Turkey upon signature :

Latvia (22 December 2006):

"The Government of the Republic of Latvia has examined the reservation and declaration made by the Republic of Turkey to the International Convention on the Suppression of the Acts of Nuclear Terrorism upon signature to the Convention regarding Article 4 (2).

The Government of the Republic of Latvia is of the opinion that this declaration is in fact unilateral act that is deemed to limit the scope of the Convention and therefore should be regarded as reservation.  Thus, this reservation contradicts to the objectives and purposes of the Convention on the suppression the commitment of the acts of nuclear terrorism wherever and by whomsoever they may be carried out.

Moreover, the Government of the Republic of Latvia considers that the reservation named as a declaration conflicts with the terms of Article 4 (1).

Therefore, the Government of the Republic of Latvia is of the opinion that this declaration reservation contradicts to the objectives and purposes of the International Convention to suppress the acts of nuclear terrorism wherever and by whomsoever they might be carried out.

The Government of the Republic of Latvia recalls that customary international law as codified by Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, and in particular Article 19 (c), sets out that reservations that are incompatible with the object and purpose of a treaty are not permissible.

The Government of the Republic of Latvia therefore objects to the aforesaid reservation named as declaration made by the Republic of Turkey to the International Convention on the Suppression of the Acts of Nuclear Terrorism.

However, this objection shall not preclude the entry into force of the Convention between the Republic of Latvia and the Republic of Turkey.  Thus, the International Convention will become operative without the Republic of Turkey benefiting from its reservation."