The Special Treaty Event can be organized upon request by a Member State either on the sides of the annual Treaty Events taking place in September-October during the General Assembly session or as a stand –alone collective solemn undertaking.
The Special Treaty Event in respect of the multilateral treaties deposited with Secretary-General of the United Nations is an excellent opportunity for the Member States to reaffirm commitment to advancing the international rule of law. Multilateral treaties are the primary source of international law, and the Secretary-General is the largest depositary of multilateral treaties in the world. At present, over 560 multilateral treaties are deposited with the Secretary-General. States participating in a special treaty event are provided with a unique opportunity to be part of a joint ceremony for the signing of a Convention or a number of multilateral treaties, or the deposit of binding instruments in respect of such treaties.
Such special occasions have been organized in the most recent past, and some are listed below:
April 2005 (Special Treaty Event for Treaties on Organized Crime, Terrorism and Corruption, Bangkok, Thailand and UN Headquarters. Held in Connection with the 11th Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice);
April 2009 (Special Treaty Event for the Promotion of Universal Counter-Terrorism and Crimes Conventions and the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel. Vienna International Centre, Austria 20 April 2009);
December 2011 (Special Treaty Event for the promotion of universal participation in the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness and the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees on the occasion of their respective fiftieth and sixtieth anniversary (Palais des Nations, Geneva, 7 December 2011);
September 2011 (Special Treaty event held on 22 September 2011 to coincide with the High-level Meeting on Nuclear Safety and Security. It was organized by the Office of Legal Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, in collaboration with the Office of Legal Affairs of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with the objective to promote universal participation in the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (New York, 13 April 2005) and in the IAEA Conventions relating to nuclear safety, security and liability);
September 2014 (Special Treaty Event to promote the Minamata Convention on Mercury (UN Headquarters, New York, 24 September 2014).
In order to organize a Special Treaty Event, a number of considerations must be taken into account: