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STATUS AS AT : 16-04-2014 05:02:43 EDT
CHAPTER IV
HUMAN RIGHTS
8 .b Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
New York, 6 October 1999
Entry into force
:
22 December 2000, in accordance with article 16(1)(see paragraph 16 of Resolution A/RES/54/4).
Registration :
22 December 2000, No. 20378
Status :
Signatories : 80. Parties : 104
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 2131, p. 83.
Note :
The Protocol was adopted by resolution A/RES/54/4 of 6 October 1999 at the fifty-fourth session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. In accordance with its article 15 (1), the Protocol will be open for signature by any State that has signed, ratified or acceded to the Convention at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 10 December 1999.
Participant
Signature
Ratification, Accession(a), Succession(d)
Albania
  23 Jun 2003 a
Andorra
 9 Jul 2001
14 Oct 2002
Angola
   1 Nov 2007 a
Antigua and Barbuda
   5 Jun 2006 a
Argentina 1
28 Feb 2000
20 Mar 2007
Armenia
  14 Sep 2006 a
Australia
   4 Dec 2008 a
Austria
10 Dec 1999
 6 Sep 2000
Azerbaijan
 6 Jun 2000
 1 Jun 2001
Bangladesh
 6 Sep 2000
 6 Sep 2000
Belarus
29 Apr 2002
 3 Feb 2004
Belgium
10 Dec 1999
17 Jun 2004
Belize
   9 Dec 2002 a
Benin
25 May 2000
 
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
10 Dec 1999
27 Sep 2000
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 7 Sep 2000
 4 Sep 2002
Botswana
  21 Feb 2007 a
Brazil
13 Mar 2001
28 Jun 2002
Bulgaria
 6 Jun 2000
20 Sep 2006
Burkina Faso
16 Nov 2001
10 Oct 2005
Burundi
13 Nov 2001
 
Cabo Verde
  10 Oct 2011 a
Cambodia
11 Nov 2001
13 Oct 2010
Cameroon
   7 Jan 2005 a
Canada
  18 Oct 2002 a
Chad
26 Sep 2012
 
Chile
10 Dec 1999
 
Colombia
10 Dec 1999
23 Jan 2007
Congo
29 Sep 2008
 
Cook Islands
  27 Nov 2007 a
Costa Rica
10 Dec 1999
20 Sep 2001
Côte d'Ivoire
  20 Jan 2012 a
Croatia
 5 Jun 2000
 7 Mar 2001
Cuba
17 Mar 2000
 
Cyprus
 8 Feb 2001
26 Apr 2002
Czech Republic
10 Dec 1999
26 Feb 2001
Denmark
10 Dec 1999
31 May 2000
Dominican Republic
14 Mar 2000
10 Aug 2001
Ecuador
10 Dec 1999
 5 Feb 2002
El Salvador
 4 Apr 2001
 
Equatorial Guinea
  16 Oct 2009 a
Finland
10 Dec 1999
29 Dec 2000
France
10 Dec 1999
 9 Jun 2000
Gabon
   5 Nov 2004 a
Georgia
   1 Aug 2002 a
Germany
10 Dec 1999
15 Jan 2002
Ghana
24 Feb 2000
 3 Feb 2011
Greece
10 Dec 1999
24 Jan 2002
Guatemala
 7 Sep 2000
 9 May 2002
Guinea-Bissau
12 Sep 2000
 5 Aug 2009
Hungary
  22 Dec 2000 a
Iceland
10 Dec 1999
 6 Mar 2001
Indonesia
28 Feb 2000
 
Ireland
 7 Sep 2000
 7 Sep 2000
Italy
10 Dec 1999
22 Sep 2000
Kazakhstan
 6 Sep 2000
24 Aug 2001
Kyrgyzstan
  22 Jul 2002 a
Lesotho
 6 Sep 2000
24 Sep 2004
Liberia
22 Sep 2004
 
Libya
  18 Jun 2004 a
Liechtenstein
10 Dec 1999
24 Oct 2001
Lithuania
 8 Sep 2000
 5 Aug 2004
Luxembourg
10 Dec 1999
 1 Jul 2003
Madagascar
 7 Sep 2000
 
Malawi
 7 Sep 2000
 
Maldives
  13 Mar 2006 a
Mali
   5 Dec 2000 a
Mauritius
11 Nov 2001
31 Oct 2008
Mexico
10 Dec 1999
15 Mar 2002
Mongolia
 7 Sep 2000
28 Mar 2002
Montenegro 2
  23 Oct 2006 d
Mozambique
   4 Nov 2008 a
Namibia
19 May 2000
26 May 2000
Nepal
18 Dec 2001
15 Jun 2007
Netherlands 3
10 Dec 1999
22 May 2002
New Zealand 4
 7 Sep 2000
 7 Sep 2000
Niger
  30 Sep 2004 a
Nigeria
 8 Sep 2000
22 Nov 2004
Norway
10 Dec 1999
 5 Mar 2002
Panama
 9 Jun 2000
 9 May 2001
Paraguay
28 Dec 1999
14 May 2001
Peru
22 Dec 2000
 9 Apr 2001
Philippines
21 Mar 2000
12 Nov 2003
Poland
  22 Dec 2003 a
Portugal
16 Feb 2000
26 Apr 2002
Republic of Korea
  18 Oct 2006 a
Republic of Moldova
  28 Feb 2006 a
Romania
 6 Sep 2000
25 Aug 2003
Russian Federation
 8 May 2001
28 Jul 2004
Rwanda
  15 Dec 2008 a
San Marino
  15 Sep 2005 a
Sao Tome and Principe
 6 Sep 2000
 
Senegal
10 Dec 1999
26 May 2000
Serbia
  31 Jul 2003 a
Seychelles
22 Jul 2002
 1 Mar 2011
Sierra Leone
 8 Sep 2000
 
Slovakia
 5 Jun 2000
17 Nov 2000
Slovenia
10 Dec 1999
23 Sep 2004
Solomon Islands
   6 May 2002 a
South Africa
  18 Oct 2005 a
Spain
14 Mar 2000
 6 Jul 2001
Sri Lanka
  15 Oct 2002 a
St. Kitts and Nevis
  20 Jan 2006 a
Sweden
10 Dec 1999
24 Apr 2003
Switzerland
15 Feb 2007
29 Sep 2008
Tajikistan
 7 Sep 2000
 
Thailand
14 Jun 2000
14 Jun 2000
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
 3 Apr 2000
17 Oct 2003
Timor-Leste
  16 Apr 2003 a
Tunisia
  23 Sep 2008 a
Turkey
 8 Sep 2000
29 Oct 2002
Turkmenistan
  20 May 2009 a
Ukraine
 7 Sep 2000
26 Sep 2003
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 5
  17 Dec 2004 a
United Republic of Tanzania
  12 Jan 2006 a
Uruguay
 9 May 2000
26 Jul 2001
Vanuatu
  17 May 2007 a
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
17 Mar 2000
13 May 2002
Zambia
29 Sep 2008
 
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, accession or succession.)
Bangladesh

Declaration:
       “The Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh declares in accordance with Article 10 (1) thereof, that it would not undertake the obligations arising out of Articles 8 and 9 of the said Optional Protocol.”

Belgium

Upon signature

Declaration:
       The Flemish, French and German-speaking Communities of Belgium are equally bound by this signature.

Belize

Declaration:
       "WHEREAS, Article 10 of the Optional Protocol declares that at the time of acceding to the Optional Protocol, a State Party may declare that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in Articles 8 and 9 of the Optional Protocol
       NOW THEREFORE, BELIZE, after having carefully considered Articles 8 and 9 of the Optional Protocol, hereby declares that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in Articles 8 and 9."

Colombia

Declarations :
       1. The Government of Colombia, exercising the discretion provided for in article 10 of the Optional Protocol, and subject to the conditions set out therein, declares that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in articles 8 and 9 of the Protocol.
       2. The Government of Colombia understands article 5 of the Protocol to mean that interim measures not only preclude "a determination on admissibility or on the merits of the communication", as established in article 5, paragraph 2, but that any measures involving the enjoyment of economic, social and cultural rights shall be applied in keeping with the progressive nature of these rights.
       3. The Government of Colombia declares that no provision of the Optional Protocol and no recommendation of the Committee may be interpreted as requiring Colombia to decriminalize offences against life or personal integrity.

Cuba

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       The Government of the Republic of Cuba declares that it does not recognize the competence of the committee established by virtue of articles 8 and 9 of the Protocol.

End Note
1.With the following :

The Argentine Republic wishes to reiterate the content of its notes of 3 April 1989 and 18 January 2005, by which it rejected the extension of the territorial application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and of the Optional Protocol thereto, respectively, to the Malvinas Islands, notified by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

The Argentine Republic recalls that the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and surrounding maritime areas are an integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic and are illegally occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, being the subject of a sovereignty dispute.

Because of the illegal occupation by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 316[0] (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which a sovereignty dispute regarding the "Question of the Malvinas Islands" is recognized and the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are urged to resume negotiations in order to find as soon as possible a peaceful and lasting solution to the dispute.

The United Nations Special Political and Decolonization Committee has repeatedly affirmed this view, most recently in its resolution of 15 June 2006.

2.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
3.For the Kingdom in Europe and the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. See also note 2 under “Netherlands” regarding Netherlands Antilles in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
4.With a declaration to the effect that “consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account its commitment to the development of self-government through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory.”
5.With a territorial application to the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and the Isle of Man.

On 18 January 2005, the Secretary-General received, from the Government of Argentina, the following communication:

The Argentine Republic wishes to reiterate the content of its note of 3 April 1989, by which it rejected the extension of the territorial application of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women to the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, notified by the Government of the United Kingdom upon its ratification of that instrument on 7 April 1986.

The Argentine Republic similarly rejects the declaration of territorial application made by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland upon its accession to the 1999 Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, with respect to the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands. The Government of Argentina wishes to reiterate that the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and surrounding maritime areas are an integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic and are illegally occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, being the subject of a sovereignty dispute.

Because of the illegal occupation by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which a sovereignty dispute regarding the "Question of the Malvinas (Falkland) Islands" is recognized and the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland are urged to resume negotiations in order to find as soon as possible a peaceful and lasting solution to the dispute.

The United Nations Special Political and Decolonization Committee has repeatedly affirmed this view, most recently inits resolution of 18 June 2004 (A/59/23).