United Nations - Treaty Collection on the Internet
Skip Navigation Links
    UNTS Document   
 
STATUS AS AT : 20-04-2014 05:01:08 EDT
CHAPTER IV
HUMAN RIGHTS
13 . International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families
New York, 18 December 1990
Entry into force
:
1 July 2003, in accordance with article 87(1).
Registration :
1 July 2003, No. 39481
Status :
Signatories : 37. Parties : 47
Text :
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2220, p. 3; Doc. A/RES/45/158.
Note :
The Convention, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, was adopted by Resolution 45/1581 of 18 December 1990 at the forty-fifth session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. The Convention is open for signature by all States in accordance with its article 86 (1).
Participant
Signature, Succession to signature(d)
Ratification, Accession(a), Succession(d)
Albania
   5 Jun 2007 a
Algeria
  21 Apr 2005 a
Argentina
10 Aug 2004
23 Feb 2007
Armenia
26 Sep 2013
 
Azerbaijan
  11 Jan 1999 a
Bangladesh
 7 Oct 1998
24 Aug 2011
Belize
  14 Nov 2001 a
Benin
15 Sep 2005
 
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  16 Oct 2000 a
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  13 Dec 1996 a
Burkina Faso
16 Nov 2001
26 Nov 2003
Cabo Verde
  16 Sep 1997 a
Cambodia
27 Sep 2004
 
Cameroon
15 Dec 2009
 
Chad
26 Sep 2012
 
Chile
24 Sep 1993
21 Mar 2005
Colombia
  24 May 1995 a
Comoros
22 Sep 2000
 
Congo
29 Sep 2008
 
Ecuador
   5 Feb 2002 a
Egypt
  19 Feb 1993 a
El Salvador
13 Sep 2002
14 Mar 2003
Gabon
15 Dec 2004
 
Ghana
 7 Sep 2000
 7 Sep 2000
Guatemala
 7 Sep 2000
14 Mar 2003
Guinea
   7 Sep 2000 a
Guinea-Bissau
12 Sep 2000
 
Guyana
15 Sep 2005
 7 Jul 2010
Haiti
 5 Dec 2013
 
Honduras
   9 Aug 2005 a
Indonesia
22 Sep 2004
31 May 2012
Jamaica
25 Sep 2008
25 Sep 2008
Kyrgyzstan
  29 Sep 2003 a
Lesotho
24 Sep 2004
16 Sep 2005
Liberia
22 Sep 2004
 
Libya
  18 Jun 2004 a
Mali
   5 Jun 2003 a
Mauritania
  22 Jan 2007 a
Mexico
22 May 1991
 8 Mar 1999
Montenegro 2
23 Oct 2006 d
 
Morocco
15 Aug 1991
21 Jun 1993
Mozambique
15 Mar 2012
19 Aug 2013
Nicaragua
  26 Oct 2005 a
Niger
  18 Mar 2009 a
Nigeria
  27 Jul 2009 a
Palau
20 Sep 2011
 
Paraguay
13 Sep 2000
23 Sep 2008
Peru
22 Sep 2004
14 Sep 2005
Philippines
15 Nov 1993
 5 Jul 1995
Rwanda
  15 Dec 2008 a
Sao Tome and Principe
 6 Sep 2000
 
Senegal
   9 Jun 1999 a
Serbia
11 Nov 2004
 
Seychelles
  15 Dec 1994 a
Sierra Leone
15 Sep 2000
 
Sri Lanka
  11 Mar 1996 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  29 Oct 2010 a
Syrian Arab Republic
   2 Jun 2005 a
Tajikistan
 7 Sep 2000
 8 Jan 2002
Timor-Leste
  30 Jan 2004 a
Togo
15 Nov 2001
 
Turkey
13 Jan 1999
27 Sep 2004
Uganda
  14 Nov 1995 a
Uruguay
  15 Feb 2001 a
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
 4 Oct 2011
 
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, accession or succession.)
Algeria

Reservation:
       The Government of the People's Algerian Democratic Republic does not consider itself bound by article 92, paragraph 1 of this Convention which provides that any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the present Convention, that is not settled by negotiation shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration or to the International Court of Justice.
       The Government of the People's Algerian Democratic Republic considers that any such dispute may be submitted to arbitration only with the agreement of all the parties to the conflict.

Argentina

Declaration:
       As provided for in article 92 (2), the Republic of Argentina does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 92 (1) of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.

Chile

Reservations:
       The Republic of Chile makes a reservation with respect to the provisions of article 22, paragraph 5, of this Convention which it considers to be inapplicable to Chile.
       The Republic of Chile will consider the provisions of article 48, paragraph 2, to be fulfilled under the terms of international conventions for the avoidance of double taxation that either have been entered into or will be entered into in the future.

Colombia

Reservation:
       Articles 15, 46 and 47 of the [said Convention], which was adopted by means of Act No. 146 of 1994, shall be executed with the understanding that the State of Colombia retains the right to promulgate taxation, exchange and monetary regulations establishing equality of treatment of migrant workers and their families with that of nationals in respect of the import and export of personal and household effects and the transfer of earnings and savings abroad, and in respect of expropriation for reasons of equity and the nullification of ownership of property in the cases envisaged in article 34 of the Political Constitution.

Egypt

Reservation concerning article 4:
       For the purposes of the present Convention the term `members of the family' refers to persons married to migrant workers or having with them a relationship that, according to applicable law, produces effects equivalent to marriage, as well as their dependent children and other dependent persons who are recognized as members of the family by applicable legislation or applicable bilateral or multilateral agreements between the States concerned.

Reservation concerning article 18, paragraph 6:
       When a migrant worker or a member of his or her family has, by a final decision, been convicted of a criminal offence and when subsequently his or her conviction has been reversed or he or she has been pardoned on the ground that a new or newly discovered fact shows conclusively that there has been a miscarriage of justice, the person who has suffered punishment as a result of such conviction shall be compensated according to law, unless it is proved that the non-disclosure of the unknown fact in time is wholly or partially attributable to that person.

El Salvador

Declarations:
       The Government of the Republic of El Salvador does not consider itself bound by article 92, paragraph 1, of the Convention. With respect to articles 46, 47, 48 and 61, paragraph 4, governing exemption from import and export duties and taxes in respect of personal and household effects and the right to transfer earnings and savings, the Government of El Salvador wishes to make it clear that the exemption shall apply only after any taxes that the articles in question might incur have been paid. Moreover, the right of workers to transfer their earnings to their State of origin or State of habitual residence may be exercised without restriction, provided that the tax obligations arising in each particular case have been fulfilled. With regard to article 32, transfer of earnings and savings shall include amounts accumulated under retirement social security schemes, whether public or private. The Government of the Republic of El Salvador wishes to reiterate its respect for all universal and regional human rights principles and norms enshrined in international human rights instruments.

Guatemala

11 September 2007


Declarations:
       [Agrees to] recognize the competence of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families to receive and examine communications in which one State Party to the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families alleges non-compliance by another State Party with obligations arising under the Convention, as well as to receive and examine communications sent by persons subject to the jurisdiction of a State Party, alleging the violation by that State Party of their individual rights as recognized under the Convention.

Mexico

Interpretative declaration:
       Upon ratifying the [Convention], the Government of the United Mexican States reaffirms its political will to ensure international protection of the rights of all migrant workers, in accordance with this international instrument. all the provisions of this Convention will be applied in conformity with its national legislation.

Reservation:
       The Government of the United Mexican States makes an express reservation with regard to article 22, paragraph 4, of this Convention, insofar as it refers to the application of article 33 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States and article 125 of the General Population Act.

15 September 2008


Declaration under article 77:
       The United Mexican States recognizes as fully binding the competence of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, established by the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families adopted in New York on 18 December 1990.
       In accordance with article 77 of the Convention, the United Mexican States declares that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim that the United Mexican States has violated their individual rights as established by the Convention.

Morocco

Reservation:
       The  Government of the Kingdom of Morocco does not consider itself bound by article 92, paragraph 1 of this Convention which provides that any dispute between two or more States Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the present Convention shall, at the request of one of them, be submitted to arbitration.
       The Government of the Kingdom of Morocco considers that any such dispute may be submitted to arbitration only with the agreement of all the parties to the conflict.

Nicaragua

Declaration and reservation:
       Declaration
       The Republic of Nicaragua, onacceding to this Convention, agrees to apply it in accordance with its domestic laws.
       Reservations:
       The Republic of Nicaragua, in the exercise of its sovereignty, does not allow foreigners to enjoy political rights; this is embodied in articles 27 and 182 of the Constitution.
       Article 91 of the Convention establishes the possibility of formulating reservations at the time of signature, ratification or accession. Consequently, by virtue of the provisions of article 42, paragraph 3, of this Convention, the Republic of Nicaragua will not grant political rights to migratory workers owing to the express prohibition contained in article 27, paragraph 2, of its Constitution, which states:
       "Foreigners have the same rights and obligations as Nicaraguans, with the exception of political rights and others established by law; they may not intervene in the political affairs of the country."
       The Republic of Nicaragua considers that this reservation is not incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention.

Sri Lanka

Declarations:

Article 8 (2):
       "The right of non-Sri Lankans to enter and remain in Sri Lanka shall be subject to existing visa regulations.

Article 29:
       According to the citizenship Act No. 18 of 1948, citizenship rights flow from the father and in the event a child is born out of wedlock, from the mother. A child will be deemed to be a citizen of Sri Lanka if he and his father were born in Sri Lanka before 1.11.49 or if at the time of his birth the father was a Sri Lankan.

Article 49:
       Resident visas to expatriate workers are allowed in respect of identified professions where there is a dearth of qualified personnel. Existing visa regulations do not permit migrant workers either to change their professions or the institutions in which they have been authorised to work, which is the basis on which the visa is issued.

Article 54:
       Protection against dismissal, quantum of remuneration, period of employment, etc., are governed by the terms of individual contracts entered into between the worker and the organisation which employs him. A visa issued to an expatriate worker under the visa regulations is limited to a pre-identified job assignment."

Syrian Arab Republic

Declaration:
       .....accession of the Syrian Arab Republic to the said Convention thereof by its Government does not, in any way, imply recognition of Israel, nor shall it lead to any such dealing with the latter as are governed by the provisions of the Convention.

Turkey

Declarations:

“A) The declaration regarding Article 15:
       The restrictions by the related Turkish laws regarding acquisition of immovable property by the foreigners are preserved....

B) The reservation regarding Article 40:
       The Turkish Law on Trade Unions allows only the Turkish citizens to form trade unions in Turkey."

C) The declaration regarding Article 45:
       The stipulations of the paragraphs 2, 3 and 4 of the Article 45 will be implemented in accordance with the provisions of the Turkish Constitution and the related Laws.

D) The declaration regarding Article 46:
       The implementation of the Article 46 will be made in accordance with the national laws.

E) The declaration regarding Articles 76 and 77:
       Turkey will recognize the competence of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families at a later time."

Uganda

Reservation:

Article 18:
       "The Republic of Uganda cannot guarantee at all times to provide free legal assistance in accordance with the provisions of article 18 paragraph 3(d)."

Uruguay

13 April 2012


Declaration under article 77
       On behalf of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, I have the honour to inform you that the Government of Uruguay has decided to recognize, pursuant to article 77 of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the competence of the Committee on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families to receive and consider communications from or on behalf of individuals subject to its jurisdiction who claim that their individual rights as established by the above-mentioned international instrument have been violated by the Uruguayan State.

End Note
1.Official Records of the General Assembly, Forty-fifth Session, Supplement No. 49 (A/45/49) , p. 261.
2.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.