United Nations - Treaty Collection on the Internet
Skip Navigation Links
    UNTS Document   
 
STATUS AS AT : 24-04-2014 05:03:02 EDT
CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
8 . Convention on Biological Diversity
Rio de Janeiro, 5 June 1992
Entry into force
:
29 December 1993, in accordance with article 36(1).
Registration :
29 December 1993, No. 30619
Status :
Signatories : 168. Parties : 194. 1
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 1760, p. 79; and depositary notification C.N.329.1996.TREATIES-2 of 18 March 1996 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic Arabic text).
Note :
The Convention was adopted by the Intergovernmental Negotiating Committee for a Convention on Biological Diversity, during its Fifth session, held at Nairobi from 11 to 22 May 1992. The Convention was open for signature at Rio de Janeiro by all States and regional economic integration organizations from 5 June 1992 until 14 June 1992, and remained open at the United Nations Headquarters in New York until 4 June 1993.
Participant
Signature
Ratification, Accession(a), Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Succession(d)
Afghanistan
12 Jun 1992
19 Sep 2002
Albania
   5 Jan 1994 a
Algeria
13 Jun 1992
14 Aug 1995
Angola
12 Jun 1992
 1 Apr 1998
Antigua and Barbuda
 5 Jun 1992
 9 Mar 1993
Argentina
12 Jun 1992
22 Nov 1994
Armenia
13 Jun 1992
14 May 1993 A
Australia
 5 Jun 1992
18 Jun 1993
Austria
13 Jun 1992
18 Aug 1994
Azerbaijan
12 Jun 1992
 3 Aug 2000 AA
Bahamas
12 Jun 1992
 2 Sep 1993
Bahrain
 9 Jun 1992
30 Aug 1996
Bangladesh
 5 Jun 1992
 3 May 1994
Barbados
12 Jun 1992
10 Dec 1993
Belarus
11 Jun 1992
 8 Sep 1993
Belgium
 5 Jun 1992
22 Nov 1996
Belize
13 Jun 1992
30 Dec 1993
Benin
13 Jun 1992
30 Jun 1994
Bhutan
11 Jun 1992
25 Aug 1995
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
13 Jun 1992
 3 Oct 1994
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  26 Aug 2002 a
Botswana
 8 Jun 1992
12 Oct 1995
Brazil
 5 Jun 1992
28 Feb 1994
Brunei Darussalam
  28 Apr 2008 a
Bulgaria
12 Jun 1992
17 Apr 1996
Burkina Faso
12 Jun 1992
 2 Sep 1993
Burundi
11 Jun 1992
15 Apr 1997
Cabo Verde
12 Jun 1992
29 Mar 1995
Cambodia
   9 Feb 1995 a
Cameroon
14 Jun 1992
19 Oct 1994
Canada
11 Jun 1992
 4 Dec 1992
Central African Republic
13 Jun 1992
15 Mar 1995
Chad
12 Jun 1992
 7 Jun 1994
Chile
13 Jun 1992
 9 Sep 1994
China 2
11 Jun 1992
 5 Jan 1993
Colombia
12 Jun 1992
28 Nov 1994
Comoros
11 Jun 1992
29 Sep 1994
Congo
11 Jun 1992
 1 Aug 1996
Cook Islands
12 Jun 1992
20 Apr 1993
Costa Rica
13 Jun 1992
26 Aug 1994
Côte d'Ivoire
10 Jun 1992
29 Nov 1994
Croatia
11 Jun 1992
 7 Oct 1996
Cuba
12 Jun 1992
 8 Mar 1994
Cyprus
12 Jun 1992
10 Jul 1996
Czech Republic
 4 Jun 1993
 3 Dec 1993 AA
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
11 Jun 1992
26 Oct 1994 AA
Democratic Republic of the Congo
11 Jun 1992
 3 Dec 1994
Denmark
12 Jun 1992
21 Dec 1993
Djibouti
13 Jun 1992
 1 Sep 1994
Dominica
   6 Apr 1994 a
Dominican Republic
13 Jun 1992
25 Nov 1996
Ecuador
 9 Jun 1992
23 Feb 1993
Egypt
 9 Jun 1992
 2 Jun 1994
El Salvador
13 Jun 1992
 8 Sep 1994
Equatorial Guinea
   6 Dec 1994 a
Eritrea
  21 Mar 1996 a
Estonia
12 Jun 1992
27 Jul 1994
Ethiopia
10 Jun 1992
 5 Apr 1994
European Union
13 Jun 1992
21 Dec 1993 AA
Fiji
 9 Oct 1992
25 Feb 1993
Finland
 5 Jun 1992
27 Jul 1994 A
France
13 Jun 1992
 1 Jul 1994
Gabon
12 Jun 1992
14 Mar 1997
Gambia
12 Jun 1992
10 Jun 1994
Georgia
   2 Jun 1994 a
Germany
12 Jun 1992
21 Dec 1993
Ghana
12 Jun 1992
29 Aug 1994
Greece
12 Jun 1992
 4 Aug 1994
Grenada
 3 Dec 1992
11 Aug 1994
Guatemala
13 Jun 1992
10 Jul 1995
Guinea
12 Jun 1992
 7 May 1993
Guinea-Bissau
12 Jun 1992
27 Oct 1995
Guyana
13 Jun 1992
29 Aug 1994
Haiti
13 Jun 1992
25 Sep 1996
Honduras
13 Jun 1992
31 Jul 1995
Hungary
13 Jun 1992
24 Feb 1994
Iceland
10 Jun 1992
12 Sep 1994
India
 5 Jun 1992
18 Feb 1994
Indonesia
 5 Jun 1992
23 Aug 1994
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
14 Jun 1992
 6 Aug 1996
Iraq
  28 Jul 2009 a
Ireland
13 Jun 1992
22 Mar 1996
Israel
11 Jun 1992
 7 Aug 1995
Italy
 5 Jun 1992
15 Apr 1994
Jamaica
11 Jun 1992
 6 Jan 1995
Japan
13 Jun 1992
28 May 1993 A
Jordan
11 Jun 1992
12 Nov 1993
Kazakhstan
 9 Jun 1992
 6 Sep 1994
Kenya
11 Jun 1992
26 Jul 1994
Kiribati
  16 Aug 1994 a
Kuwait
 9 Jun 1992
 2 Aug 2002
Kyrgyzstan
   6 Aug 1996 a
Lao People's Democratic Republic
  20 Sep 1996 a
Latvia
11 Jun 1992
14 Dec 1995
Lebanon
12 Jun 1992
15 Dec 1994
Lesotho
11 Jun 1992
10 Jan 1995
Liberia
12 Jun 1992
 8 Nov 2000
Libya
29 Jun 1992
12 Jul 2001
Liechtenstein
 5 Jun 1992
19 Nov 1997
Lithuania
11 Jun 1992
 1 Feb 1996
Luxembourg
 9 Jun 1992
 9 May 1994
Madagascar
 8 Jun 1992
 4 Mar 1996
Malawi
10 Jun 1992
 2 Feb 1994
Malaysia
12 Jun 1992
24 Jun 1994
Maldives
12 Jun 1992
 9 Nov 1992
Mali
30 Sep 1992
29 Mar 1995
Malta
12 Jun 1992
29 Dec 2000
Marshall Islands
12 Jun 1992
 8 Oct 1992
Mauritania
12 Jun 1992
16 Aug 1996
Mauritius
10 Jun 1992
 4 Sep 1992
Mexico
13 Jun 1992
11 Mar 1993
Micronesia (Federated States of)
12 Jun 1992
20 Jun 1994
Monaco
11 Jun 1992
20 Nov 1992
Mongolia
12 Jun 1992
30 Sep 1993
Montenegro 3
  23 Oct 2006 d
Morocco
13 Jun 1992
21 Aug 1995
Mozambique
12 Jun 1992
25 Aug 1995
Myanmar
11 Jun 1992
25 Nov 1994
Namibia
12 Jun 1992
16 May 1997
Nauru
 5 Jun 1992
11 Nov 1993
Nepal
12 Jun 1992
23 Nov 1993
Netherlands 4
 5 Jun 1992
12 Jul 1994 A
New Zealand
12 Jun 1992
16 Sep 1993
Nicaragua
13 Jun 1992
20 Nov 1995
Niger
11 Jun 1992
25 Jul 1995
Nigeria
13 Jun 1992
29 Aug 1994
Niue
  28 Feb 1996 a
Norway
 9 Jun 1992
 9 Jul 1993
Oman
10 Jun 1992
 8 Feb 1995
Pakistan
 5 Jun 1992
26 Jul 1994
Palau
   6 Jan 1999 a
Panama
13 Jun 1992
17 Jan 1995
Papua New Guinea
13 Jun 1992
16 Mar 1993
Paraguay
12 Jun 1992
24 Feb 1994
Peru
12 Jun 1992
 7 Jun 1993
Philippines
12 Jun 1992
 8 Oct 1993
Poland
 5 Jun 1992
18 Jan 1996
Portugal 2
13 Jun 1992
21 Dec 1993
Qatar
11 Jun 1992
21 Aug 1996
Republic of Korea
13 Jun 1992
 3 Oct 1994
Republic of Moldova
 5 Jun 1992
20 Oct 1995
Romania
 5 Jun 1992
17 Aug 1994
Russian Federation
13 Jun 1992
 5 Apr 1995
Rwanda
10 Jun 1992
29 May 1996
Samoa
12 Jun 1992
 9 Feb 1994
San Marino
10 Jun 1992
28 Oct 1994
Sao Tome and Principe
12 Jun 1992
29 Sep 1999
Saudi Arabia
   3 Oct 2001 a
Senegal
13 Jun 1992
17 Oct 1994
Serbia
 8 Jun 1992
 1 Mar 2002
Seychelles
10 Jun 1992
22 Sep 1992
Sierra Leone
  12 Dec 1994 a
Singapore
10 Mar 1993
21 Dec 1995
Slovakia
19 May 1993
25 Aug 1994 AA
Slovenia
13 Jun 1992
 9 Jul 1996
Solomon Islands
13 Jun 1992
 3 Oct 1995
Somalia
  11 Sep 2009 a
South Africa
 4 Jun 1993
 2 Nov 1995
South Sudan
  17 Feb 2014 a
Spain
13 Jun 1992
21 Dec 1993
Sri Lanka
10 Jun 1992
23 Mar 1994
St. Kitts and Nevis
12 Jun 1992
 7 Jan 1993
St. Lucia
  28 Jul 1993 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
   3 Jun 1996 a
Sudan
 9 Jun 1992
30 Oct 1995
Suriname
13 Jun 1992
12 Jan 1996
Swaziland
12 Jun 1992
 9 Nov 1994
Sweden
 8 Jun 1992
16 Dec 1993
Switzerland
12 Jun 1992
21 Nov 1994
Syrian Arab Republic
 3 May 1993
 4 Jan 1996
Tajikistan
  29 Oct 1997 a
Thailand
12 Jun 1992
31 Oct 2003
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
   2 Dec 1997 a
Timor-Leste
  10 Oct 2006 a
Togo
12 Jun 1992
 4 Oct 1995 A
Tonga
  19 May 1998 a
Trinidad and Tobago
11 Jun 1992
 1 Aug 1996
Tunisia
13 Jun 1992
15 Jul 1993
Turkey
11 Jun 1992
14 Feb 1997
Turkmenistan
  18 Sep 1996 a
Tuvalu
 8 Jun 1992
20 Dec 2002
Uganda
12 Jun 1992
 8 Sep 1993
Ukraine
11 Jun 1992
 7 Feb 1995
United Arab Emirates
11 Jun 1992
10 Feb 2000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 5
12 Jun 1992
 3 Jun 1994
United Republic of Tanzania
12 Jun 1992
 8 Mar 1996
United States of America
 4 Jun 1993
 
Uruguay
 9 Jun 1992
 5 Nov 1993
Uzbekistan
  19 Jul 1995 a
Vanuatu
 9 Jun 1992
25 Mar 1993
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
12 Jun 1992
13 Sep 1994
Viet Nam
28 May 1993
16 Nov 1994
Yemen
12 Jun 1992
21 Feb 1996
Zambia
11 Jun 1992
28 May 1993
Zimbabwe
12 Jun 1992
11 Nov 1994
Declarations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made
upon ratification, accession, acceptance, approval or succession.)
Argentina

Declaration:
       The Argentine Government considers that this Convention represents a step forward in that it establishes among its objectives the sustainable use of biological diversity. Likewise, the definitions contained in article 2 and other provisions of the Convention indicate that the terms "genetic resources", "biological resources" and "biological material" do not include the human genome. In accordance with the commitments entered into in the Convention, the Argentine Nation will pass legislation on the conditions of access to biological resources and the ownership of future rights and benefits arising from them. The Convention is fully consistent with the principles established in the "Agreement on trade-related aspects of intellectual property rights", including trade in counterfeit goods, contained in the Final Act of the Uruguay Round of GATT.

Austria

Declaration:
       "The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with article 27, paragraph 3 of the Convention that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement."

Chile

Declaration:
       The Government of Chile, on ratifying the Convention on Biological Diversity of 1992, wishes to place on record that the pine tree and other species that the country exploits as one of its forestry resources are considered exotic and are not taken to fall within the scope of the Convention.

Cuba

Declaration:
       The Government of the Republic of Cuba declares, with respect to article 27 of the Convention on Biological Diversity, that as far as the Republic of Cuba is concerned, disputes that arise between Parties concerning the interpretation or applica- tion of this international legal instrument shall be settled by negotiation through the diplomatic channel or, failing that, by arbitration in accordance with the procedure laid down in Annex II on arbitration of the Convention.

European Union

Declaration:
       "Within their respective competence, the European Community and its Member States wish to reaffirm the importance they attach to transfers of technology and to biotechnology in order to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The compliance with intellectual property rights constitutes an essential element for the implementation of policies for technology transfer and co-investment.
       For the European Community and its member States, transfers of technology and access to biotechnology, as defined in the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity, will be carried out in accordance with article 16 of the said Convention and in compliance with the principles and rules of protection of intellectual property, in particular multilateral and bilateral agreements signed or negotiated by the Contracting Parties to this Convention.
       The European Community and its Member States will encourage the use of the financial mechanism established by the Convention to promote the voluntary transfer of intellectual property rights held by European operators, in particular as regards the granting of licences, through normal commercial mechanisms and decisions, while ensuring adequate and effective protection of property rights."

France

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       With reference to article 3, that it interprets that article as a guiding principle to be taken into account in the implementation of the Convention;
       With reference to article 21, paragraph 1, that the decision taken periodically by the Conference of the Parties concerns the "amount of resources needed" and that no provision of the Convention authorizes the Conference of the Parties to take decisions concerning the amount, nature or frequency of the contributions from Parties to the Convention.

Upon ratification:

Declaration:
       With reference to article 3, that it interprets that article as a guiding principle to be taken into account in the implementation of the Convention;
       The French Republic reaffirms its belief in the importance of the transfer of technology and biotechnology in guaranteeing the protection and long-term utilization of biological diversity. Respect for intellectual property rights is an essential element of the implementation of policies for technology transfer and co-investment.
       The French Republic affirms that the transfer of technology and access to biotechnology, as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity, will be implemented according to article 16 of that Convention and with respect for the principles and rules concerning the protection of intellectual property, including multilateral agreements signed or negotiated by the Contracting Parties to the present Convention.
       The French Republic will encourage recourse to the financial mechanism established by the Convention for the purpose of promoting the voluntary transfer of intellectual property rights under French ownership,  inter alia , as regards the granting of licences, by traditional commercial decisions and mechanisms while ensuring the appropriate and effective protection of property rights.
       With reference to article 21, paragraph 1, the French Republic considers that the decisiontaken periodically by the Conference of the Parties concerns the "amount of resources needed" and that no provision of the Convention authorizes the Conference of the Parties to take decisions concerning the amount, nature or frequency of the contributions from Parties to the Convention.

Georgia

Declaration:
       "The Republic of Georgia will use both means for dispute settlement referred to in the Convention:
       1. Arbitral consideration in accordance with the procedure given in the enclosure II, Part I.
       2.  Submitting of disputes to the International Court."

Ireland

Declaration:
       "Ireland wishes to reaffirm the importance it attaches to transfers of technology and to biotechnology in order to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The compliance with intellectual property rights constitutes an essential element for the implementation of policies for technology transfer and co-investment.
       For Ireland, transfers of technology and access to biotechnology, as defined in the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity and in compliance with the principles and rules of protection of intellectual property, in particular multilateral and bilateral agreements signed or negotiated by the contracting parties to this Convention.
       Ireland will encourage the use of the financial mechanism established by the Convention to promote the voluntary transfer of intellectual property rights held by Irish operators, in particular as regards the granting of licences, through normal commercial mechanisms and decisions, while ensuring adequate and effective protection of property rights."

Italy

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
       "The Italian Government [. . .] declares its understanding that the decision to be taken by the Conference of the Parties under article 21.1 of the Convention refers to the `amount of resources needed' by the financial mechanism, not to the extent or nature and form of the contributions of the Contracting Parties."

Latvia

Declaration:
       "The Republic of Latvia declares in accordance with article 27 paragraph 3 of the Convention that it accepts both the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory."

Liechtenstein

Declaration:
       "The Principality of Liechtenstein wishes to reaffirm the importance it attaches to transfers of technology and to biotechnology in order to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. The compliance with intellectual property rights constitutes an essential element for the implementation of policies for technology transfer and co-investment.
       For the Principality of Liechtenstein, transfers of technology and access to biotechnology, as defined in the text of the [said] Convention, will be carried out in accordance with article 16 of the said Convention and in compliance with the principles and rules of protection of intellectual property, in particular multilateral and bilateral agreements signed or negotiated by the Contracting Parties to this Convention.
       The Principality of Liechtenstein will encourage the use of the financial mechanism established by the Convention to promote the voluntary transfer of intellectual property rights held by Liechtenstein operators, in particular as regards the granting of licenses, through normal commercial mechanisms and decisions, while ensuring adequate and effective protection of property rights."

Papua New Guinea

Declaration:
       "The Government of the Independent State of Papua New Guinea declares its understanding that ratification of the Con- vention shall in no way constitute a renunciation of any rights under International Law concerning State responsibility for the adverse effects of Biological Diversity as derogating from the principles of general International Law."

Sudan

Understanding:
       "With respect to the principle stipulated in article 3, the Government of the Sudan agrees with the spirit of the article and interprets it to mean that no state is responsible for acts that take place outside its control even if they fall within its judicial jurisdiction and may cause damage to the environment of other states or of areas beyond the limits of national judicial jurisdiction."
       "The Sudan also sees as regards article 14 (2), that the issue of liability and redress for damage to biological diversity should not form a priority to be tackled by the Agreement as there is ambiguity regarding the essence and scope of the studies to be carried out, in accordance with the above-mentioned article. The Sudan further believes that any such studies on liability and redress should shift towards effects of areas such as biotechnology products, environmental impacts, genetically modified organisms and acid rains."

Switzerland

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       The Swiss Government wishes to emphasize particularly the progress made in establishing standard terms for cooperation between States in a very important field: research activities and activities for the transfer of technology relevant to resources from third countries.
       The important provisions in question create a platform for even closer cooperation with public research bodies or institutions in Switzerland and for the transfer of technologies available to governmental or public bodies, particularly universities and various publicly-funded research and development centres.
       It is our understanding that genetic resources acquired under the procedure specified in article 15 and developed by private research institutions will be the subject of programmes of cooperation, joint research and the transfer of technology which will respect the principles and rules for the protection of intellectual property.
       These principles and rules are essential for research and private investment, in particular in the latest technologies, such as modern biotechnology which requires substantial financial outlays. On the basis of this interpretation, the Swiss Government wishes to indicate that it is ready, at the opportune time, to take the appropriate general policy measures, particularly under articles 16 and 19, with a view to promoting and encouraging cooperation, on a contractual basis, between Swiss firms and the private firms and governmental bodies of other Contracting Parties.
       With regard to financial cooperation, Switzerland interprets the provisions of articles 20 and 21 as follows: the resources to be committed and the management system will have regard, in an equitable manner, to the needs and interests of the developing countries and to the possibilities and interests of the developed countries.

Upon ratification:

Declaration:
       Switzerland wishes to reaffirm the importance it attaches to transfers of technology and to biotechnology in order to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity The compliance with intellectual property rights constitutes an essential element for the implementation of policies for technology transfer and co-investment.
       For Switzerland, transfers of technology and access to biotechnology, as defined in the text of the Convention on Biological Diversity, will be carried out in accordance with article 16 of the said Convention and in compliance with the principles and rules of protection of intellectual property, in particular multilateral and bilateral agreements signed or negotiated by the Contracting Parties to this Convention.
       Switzerland will encourage the use of the financial mechanism established by the Convention to promote the voluntary transfer of intellectual property rights held by Swiss operators, in particular as regards the granting of licences, through normal commercial mechanisms and decisions, while ensuring adequate and effective protection of property rights.

Syrian Arab Republic

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       It is being understood that the signing of this Convention shall not constitute recognition of Israel or leading to any inter- course with it.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Declaration made upon signature and confirmed upon ratification:
       The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland declare their understanding that article 3 of the Convention sets out a guiding principle to be taken into account in the implementation of the Convention.
       The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland also declare their understanding that the decisions to be taken by the Conference of the Parties under paragraph 1 of article 21 concern "the amount of resources needed" by the financial mechanism, and that nothing in article 20 or 21 authorises the Conference of the Parties to take decisions concerning the amount, nature, frequency or size of the contributions of the Parties under the Convention.

End Note
1.For the purpose of entry into force of the [Convention/Protocol] , any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that Organization.
2.On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:

Portugal (9 December 1999):

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

China (15 December 1999):

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.  Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following]:

The Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Nairobi on 5 June 1992 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), to which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of ratification on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 Decer 1999.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

3.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
4.On 4 June 1999: for the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba
5.In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies.

On 8 May 2012, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“… The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s ratification of the [Convention on Biological Diversity] to be extended to the following territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible:

Isle of Man

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the aforesaid Convention to the Isle of Man to enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of this notification [i.e. on 6 August 2012].”