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STATUS AS AT : 24-04-2014 05:03:02 EDT
CHAPTER XXVI
DISARMAMENT
5 . Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction
Oslo, 18 September 1997
Entry into force
:
1 March 1999, in accordance with article 17(1).
Registration :
1 March 1999, No. 35597
Status :
Signatories : 133. Parties : 161
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 2056, p. 211; C.N.163.2003.TREATIES-2 of 3 March 2003 [Proposal of corrections to the original of the Convention (authentic Arabic text)] and  C.N.270.2003.TREATIES-4 of 7 April 2003 (acceptance).
Note :
The Convention was concluded by the Diplomatic Conference on an International Total Ban on Anti-Personnel Land Mines at Oslo on 18 September 1997. In accordance with its article 15, the Convention was opened for signature at Ottawa, Canada, by all States from 3 December 1997 until 4 December 1997, and will remain open thereafter at the United Nations Headquarters in New York until its entry into force. By resolution 52/38/A, the General Assembly of the United Nations welcomed the conclusion  of the Convention at Oslo and requested the Secretary-General of the United Nations to render the necessary assistance and to provide such services as may be necessary to fulfil the tasks entrusted to him.
Participant
Signature
Ratification, Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Accession(a), Succession(d)
Afghanistan
  11 Sep 2002 a
Albania
 8 Sep 1998
29 Feb 2000
Algeria
 3 Dec 1997
 9 Oct 2001
Andorra
 3 Dec 1997
29 Jun 1998
Angola
 4 Dec 1997
 5 Jul 2002
Antigua and Barbuda
 3 Dec 1997
 3 May 1999
Argentina
 4 Dec 1997
14 Sep 1999
Australia
 3 Dec 1997
14 Jan 1999
Austria
 3 Dec 1997
29 Jun 1998
Bahamas
 3 Dec 1997
31 Jul 1998
Bangladesh
 7 May 1998
 6 Sep 2000
Barbados
 3 Dec 1997
26 Jan 1999
Belarus
   3 Sep 2003 a
Belgium
 3 Dec 1997
 4 Sep 1998
Belize
27 Feb 1998
23 Apr 1998
Benin
 3 Dec 1997
25 Sep 1998
Bhutan
  18 Aug 2005 a
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
 3 Dec 1997
 9 Jun 1998
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 3 Dec 1997
 8 Sep 1998
Botswana
 3 Dec 1997
 1 Mar 2000
Brazil
 3 Dec 1997
30 Apr 1999
Brunei Darussalam
 4 Dec 1997
24 Apr 2006
Bulgaria
 3 Dec 1997
 4 Sep 1998
Burkina Faso
 3 Dec 1997
16 Sep 1998
Burundi
 3 Dec 1997
22 Oct 2003
Cabo Verde
 4 Dec 1997
14 May 2001
Cambodia
 3 Dec 1997
28 Jul 1999
Cameroon
 3 Dec 1997
19 Sep 2002
Canada
 3 Dec 1997
 3 Dec 1997
Central African Republic
   8 Nov 2002 a
Chad
 6 Jul 1998
 6 May 1999
Chile
 3 Dec 1997
10 Sep 2001
Colombia
 3 Dec 1997
 6 Sep 2000
Comoros
  19 Sep 2002 a
Congo
   4 May 2001 a
Cook Islands
 3 Dec 1997
15 Mar 2006
Costa Rica
 3 Dec 1997
17 Mar 1999
Côte d'Ivoire
 3 Dec 1997
30 Jun 2000
Croatia
 4 Dec 1997
20 May 1998
Cyprus
 4 Dec 1997
17 Jan 2003
Czech Republic
 3 Dec 1997
26 Oct 1999
Democratic Republic of the Congo
   2 May 2002 a
Denmark
 4 Dec 1997
 8 Jun 1998
Djibouti
 3 Dec 1997
18 May 1998
Dominica
 3 Dec 1997
26 Mar 1999
Dominican Republic
 3 Dec 1997
30 Jun 2000
Ecuador
 4 Dec 1997
29 Apr 1999
El Salvador
 4 Dec 1997
27 Jan 1999
Equatorial Guinea
  16 Sep 1998 a
Eritrea
  27 Aug 2001 a
Estonia
  12 May 2004 a
Ethiopia
 3 Dec 1997
17 Dec 2004
Fiji
 3 Dec 1997
10 Jun 1998
Finland
   9 Jan 2012 a
France
 3 Dec 1997
23 Jul 1998
Gabon
 3 Dec 1997
 8 Sep 2000
Gambia
 4 Dec 1997
23 Sep 2002
Germany
 3 Dec 1997
23 Jul 1998
Ghana
 4 Dec 1997
30 Jun 2000
Greece
 3 Dec 1997
25 Sep 2003
Grenada
 3 Dec 1997
19 Aug 1998
Guatemala
 3 Dec 1997
26 Mar 1999
Guinea
 4 Dec 1997
 8 Oct 1998
Guinea-Bissau
 3 Dec 1997
22 May 2001
Guyana
 4 Dec 1997
 5 Aug 2003
Haiti
 3 Dec 1997
15 Feb 2006
Holy See
 4 Dec 1997
17 Feb 1998
Honduras
 3 Dec 1997
24 Sep 1998
Hungary
 3 Dec 1997
 6 Apr 1998
Iceland
 4 Dec 1997
 5 May 1999
Indonesia
 4 Dec 1997
16 Feb 2007
Iraq
  15 Aug 2007 a
Ireland
 3 Dec 1997
 3 Dec 1997
Italy
 3 Dec 1997
23 Apr 1999
Jamaica
 3 Dec 1997
17 Jul 1998
Japan
 3 Dec 1997
30 Sep 1998 A
Jordan
11 Aug 1998
13 Nov 1998
Kenya
 5 Dec 1997
23 Jan 2001
Kiribati
   7 Sep 2000 a
Kuwait
  30 Jul 2007 a
Latvia
   1 Jul 2005 a
Lesotho
 4 Dec 1997
 2 Dec 1998
Liberia
  23 Dec 1999 a
Liechtenstein
 3 Dec 1997
 5 Oct 1999
Lithuania
26 Feb 1999
12 May 2003
Luxembourg
 4 Dec 1997
14 Jun 1999
Madagascar
 4 Dec 1997
16 Sep 1999
Malawi
 4 Dec 1997
13 Aug 1998
Malaysia
 3 Dec 1997
22 Apr 1999
Maldives
 1 Oct 1998
 7 Sep 2000
Mali
 3 Dec 1997
 2 Jun 1998
Malta
 4 Dec 1997
 7 May 2001
Marshall Islands
 4 Dec 1997
 
Mauritania
 3 Dec 1997
21 Jul 2000
Mauritius
 3 Dec 1997
 3 Dec 1997
Mexico
 3 Dec 1997
 9 Jun 1998
Monaco
 4 Dec 1997
17 Nov 1998
Montenegro 1
  23 Oct 2006 d
Mozambique
 3 Dec 1997
25 Aug 1998
Namibia
 3 Dec 1997
21 Sep 1998
Nauru
   7 Aug 2000 a
Netherlands 2
 3 Dec 1997
12 Apr 1999 A
New Zealand
 3 Dec 1997
27 Jan 1999
Nicaragua
 4 Dec 1997
30 Nov 1998
Niger
 4 Dec 1997
23 Mar 1999
Nigeria
  27 Sep 2001 a
Niue
 3 Dec 1997
15 Apr 1998
Norway
 3 Dec 1997
 9 Jul 1998
Palau
  19 Nov 2007 a
Panama
 4 Dec 1997
 7 Oct 1998
Papua New Guinea
  28 Jun 2004 a
Paraguay
 3 Dec 1997
13 Nov 1998
Peru
 3 Dec 1997
17 Jun 1998
Philippines
 3 Dec 1997
15 Feb 2000
Poland
 4 Dec 1997
27 Dec 2012
Portugal
 3 Dec 1997
19 Feb 1999
Qatar
 4 Dec 1997
13 Oct 1998
Republic of Moldova
 3 Dec 1997
 8 Sep 2000
Romania
 3 Dec 1997
30 Nov 2000
Rwanda
 3 Dec 1997
 8 Jun 2000
Samoa
 3 Dec 1997
23 Jul 1998
San Marino
 3 Dec 1997
18 Mar 1998
Sao Tome and Principe
30 Apr 1998
31 Mar 2003
Senegal
 3 Dec 1997
24 Sep 1998
Serbia 3
  18 Sep 2003 a
Seychelles
 4 Dec 1997
 2 Jun 2000
Sierra Leone
29 Jul 1998
25 Apr 2001
Slovakia
 3 Dec 1997
25 Feb 1999 AA
Slovenia
 3 Dec 1997
27 Oct 1998
Solomon Islands
 4 Dec 1997
26 Jan 1999
Somalia
  16 Apr 2012 a
South Africa
 3 Dec 1997
26 Jun 1998
South Sudan
  11 Nov 2011 d
Spain
 3 Dec 1997
19 Jan 1999
St. Kitts and Nevis
 3 Dec 1997
 2 Dec 1998
St. Lucia
 3 Dec 1997
13 Apr 1999
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
 3 Dec 1997
 1 Aug 2001
Sudan
 4 Dec 1997
13 Oct 2003
Suriname
 4 Dec 1997
23 May 2002
Swaziland
 4 Dec 1997
22 Dec 1998
Sweden
 4 Dec 1997
30 Nov 1998
Switzerland
 3 Dec 1997
24 Mar 1998
Tajikistan
  12 Oct 1999 a
Thailand
 3 Dec 1997
27 Nov 1998
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
   9 Sep 1998 a
Timor-Leste
   7 May 2003 a
Togo
 4 Dec 1997
 9 Mar 2000
Trinidad and Tobago
 4 Dec 1997
27 Apr 1998
Tunisia
 4 Dec 1997
 9 Jul 1999
Turkey
  25 Sep 2003 a
Turkmenistan
 3 Dec 1997
19 Jan 1998
Tuvalu
  13 Sep 2011 a
Uganda
 3 Dec 1997
25 Feb 1999
Ukraine
24 Feb 1999
27 Dec 2005
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 4
 3 Dec 1997
31 Jul 1998
United Republic of Tanzania
 3 Dec 1997
13 Nov 2000
Uruguay
 3 Dec 1997
 7 Jun 2001
Vanuatu
 4 Dec 1997
16 Sep 2005
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
 3 Dec 1997
14 Apr 1999
Yemen
 4 Dec 1997
 1 Sep 1998
Zambia
12 Dec 1997
23 Feb 2001
Zimbabwe
 3 Dec 1997
18 Jun 1998
Declarations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, acceptance,
approval, accession, or succession.)
Argentina

Interpretative declaration:
       The Argentine Republic declares that in its territory, in the Malvinas, there are anti-personnel mines.  This situation was brought to the attention of the Secretary-General of the United Nations when providing information within the framework of General Assembly resolutions 48/7; 49/215; 50/82; and 51/149 concerning "Assistance in mine clearance".
       Since this part of the Argentine territory is under illegal occupation by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Argentine Republic is effectively prevented from having access to the anti-personnel mines placed in the Malvinas in order to fulfil the obligations undertaken in the present Convention.
       The United Nations General Assembly has recognized the existence of a dispute concerning sovereignty over the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich and has urged the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to maintain negotiations in order to find as soon as possible a peaceful and lasting solution to the dispute, with the good offices of the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who is to report to the General Assembly on the progress made (resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25).  The Special Committee on decolonization has taken the same position, and has adopted a resolution every year stating that the way to put an end to this colonial situation is the lasting settlement, on a peaceful and negotiated basis, of the sovereignty dispute, and requesting both Governments to resume negotiations to that end.  The most recent of these resolutions was adopted on 1 July 1999.
       The Argentine Republic reaffirms its rights of sovereignty over the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich and the surrounding maritime areas which form an integral part of its national territory.]

Australia

Declarations:
       “It is the understanding of Australia that, in the context of operations, exercises or other military activity authorised by the United Nations or otherwise conducted in accordance with international law, the participation by the Australian Defence Force, or individual Australian citizens or residents, in such operations, exercises or other military activity conducted in combination with the armed forces of States not party to the Convention which engage in activity prohibited under the Convention would not, by itself, be considered to be in violation of the Convention.
       It is the understanding of Australia that, in relation to Article 1(a), the term "use" means the actual physical emplacement of anti-personnel mines and does not include receiving an indirect or incidental benefit from anti-personnel mines laid by another State or person. In Article 1(c) Australia will interpret the word "assist" to mean the actual and direct physical participation in any activity prohibited by the Convention but does not include permissible indirect support such as the provision of security for the personnel of a State not party to the Convention engaging in such activities, "encourage" to mean the actual request for the commission of any activity prohibited by the Convention, and "induce" to mean the active engagement in the offering of threats or incentives to obtain the commission of any activity prohibited by the Convention.
       It is the understanding of Australia that in relation to Article 2(1), the definition of "anti-personnel mines" does not include command detonated munitions.
       In relation to Articles 4, 5(1) and (2), and 7(1)(b) and (c), it is the understanding of Australia that the phrase "jurisdiction or control" is intended to mean within the sovereign territory of a State Party or over which it exercises legal responsibility by virtue of a United Nations mandate or arrangement with another State and the ownership or physical possession of a-personnel mines, but does not include the temporary occupation of, or presence on, foreign territory where anti-personnel mines have been laid by other States or persons.”

Canada

Understanding:
       "It is the understanding of the Government of Canada that, in the context of operations, exercises or other military activity sanctioned by the United Nations or otherwise conducted in accordance with international law, the mere participation by the Canadian Forces, or individual Canadians, in operations, exercises or other military activity conducted in combination with the armed forces of States not party to the Convention which engage in activity prohibited under the Convention would not, by itself, be considered to be assistance, encouragement or inducement in accordance with the meaning of those terms in article 1, paragraph 1 (c)."

Chile

Declaration:
       The Republic of Chile declares that it will apply provisionally paragraph 1 of article 1 of the Convention.

Czech Republic

Declaration:
       "It is the understanding of the Government of the Czech Republic that  the mere participation in the planning or execution of operations, exercises or other military activities by the Armed Forces of the Czech Republic, or individual Czech Republic nationals, conducted in combination with the armed forces of States not party to the [Convention], which engage in activities  prohibited under the Convention, is not, by itself, assistance, encouragement or inducement for the purposes of Article 1, paragraph 1 (c) of the Convention."

Greece

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       "Greece fully subscribes to the principles enshrined within the [Convention] and declares that ratification of this Convention will take place as soon as conditions relating to the implementation of its relevant provisions are fulfilled."

Lithuania

Upon signature:

Declaration:
       "The Republic of Lithuania subscribes to the principles and purposes of the [Convention] and declares that ratification of the Convention will take place as soon as [the] relevant conditions relating to the implementation of the provisions of the Convention are fulfilled."

Montenegro 1

Confirmed upon succession:

Declaration:
       ".....it is the understanding of Serbia and Montenegro that the mere participation in the planning or conduct of operations, exercises or any other military activities by the armed forces of Serbia and Montenegro, or by any of its nationals, if carried out in conjunction with armed forces of the non-State Parties (to the Convention), which engage in activities prohibited under the Convention, does not in any way imply an assistance, encouragement or inducement as referred to in subparagraph 1 (c) of the Convention."

Poland

Declaration:
       "It is the understanding of the Government of the Republic of Poland that the mere participation in the planning or execution of operations, exercises or other military activity by the Polish Armed Forces, or individual Polish nationals, conducted in combination with the armed forces of States not party to the [Convention], which engage in activity prohibited under that Convention, is not, by itself, assistance, encouragement or inducement for the purposes of Article 1, paragraph (c) of the Convention."

Serbia 3
       Confirmed upon succession:
       Declaration:
       ".....it is the understanding of Serbia and Montenegro that the mere participation in the planning or conduct of operations, exercises or any other military activities by the armed forces of Serbia and Montenegro, or by any of its nationals, if carried out in conjunction with armed forces of the non-State Parties (to the Convention), which engage in activities prohibited under the Convention, does not in any way imply an assistance, encouragement or inducement as referred to in subparagraph 1 (c) of the Convention."

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Declaration:
       "It is the understanding of the Government of the United Kingdom that the mere participation in the planning or execution of operations, exercises or other military activity by the United Kingdom’s Armed Forces, or individual United Kingdom nationals, conducted in combination with the armed forces of States not party to the [said Convention], which engage in activity prohibited under that Convention, is not, by itself, assistance, encouragement or inducement for the purposes of Article 1, paragraph (c) of the Convention."

Declarations made under article 18 (1)
(Declaration of provisional application)
Austria

Mauritius

South Africa

Sweden

Switzerland

End Note
1.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
2. On behalf of the Kingdom in Europe.

On 21 February 2014, the Government the Netherlands informed the Secretary-General of the Territorial Application to the Caribbean part of the Netherland (The Islands of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba).

3.See note 1 under "Serbia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
4.On 4 December 2001: Extension to the following territories for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible: Anguilla, Bermuda British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands, Monsterrat, Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, St. Helena and Dependencies, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia and Turks and Caicos Islands.

On 3 April 2002: Extension to the Bailiwick of Guernsey, Bailiwick of Jersey and the Isle of Man.