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STATUS AS AT : 24-04-2014 08:09:28 EDT
CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
1 .e Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions
Oslo, 14 June 1994
Entry into force
:
5 August 1998, in accordance with article 15(1).
Registration :
5 August 1998, No. 21623
Status :
Signatories : 28. Parties : 29
Text :
United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 2030, p. 122; Doc. EB.AIR/R.84; E/ECE/ENHS/001/2002/l (Adoption of adjustments).1
Note :
The Protocol, adopted on 13 June 1994 by the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution at its special session held in Oslo on 13 and 14 June 1994, was open for signature at Oslo until 14 June 1994, and thereafter, at United Nations Headquarters, New York, until 12 December 1994, in accordance with its article 12 (1). The Protocol is open to signature by States members of the Economic commission for Europe as well as States having consultative status with the Comission, pursuant to paragraph 8 of Economic and social Council Resolution 36 (IV)2 of 28 March 1947, and by regional economic integration organizations, constituted by sovereign Sates members of the Commission, which have competence in respect of the negotiation, conclusion and application of international agreements in matters covered by the Protocol, provided that the States and organizations concerned are Parties to the 1979 Convention.
Participant
Signature
Ratification, Accession(a), Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Succession(d)
Austria
14 Jun 1994
27 Aug 1998
Belgium 3
14 Jun 1994
 8 Nov 2000
Bulgaria
14 Jun 1994
 5 Jul 2005
Canada
14 Jun 1994
 8 Jul 1997
Croatia
14 Jun 1994
27 Apr 1999 A
Cyprus
  26 Apr 2006 a
Czech Republic
14 Jun 1994
19 Jun 1997
Denmark 4
14 Jun 1994
25 Aug 1997 AA
European Union
14 Jun 1994
24 Apr 1998 AA
Finland
14 Jun 1994
 8 Jun 1998 A
France
14 Jun 1994
12 Jun 1997 AA
Germany
14 Jun 1994
 3 Jun 1998
Greece
14 Jun 1994
24 Feb 1998
Hungary
 9 Dec 1994
11 Mar 2002
Ireland
17 Oct 1994
 4 Sep 1998
Italy
14 Jun 1994
14 Sep 1998
Liechtenstein
14 Jun 1994
27 Aug 1997 A
Lithuania
  22 Apr 2008 a
Luxembourg
14 Jun 1994
14 Jun 1996
Monaco
   9 Apr 2002 a
Netherlands 5
14 Jun 1994
30 May 1995 A
Norway
14 Jun 1994
 3 Jul 1995
Poland
14 Jun 1994
 
Russian Federation
14 Jun 1994
 
Slovakia
14 Jun 1994
 1 Apr 1998
Slovenia
14 Jun 1994
 7 May 1998
Spain
14 Jun 1994
 7 Aug 1997
Sweden
14 Jun 1994
19 Jul 1995
Switzerland
14 Jun 1994
23 Jan 1998
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
  10 Mar 2010 a
Ukraine
14 Jun 1994
 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 6
14 Jun 1994
17 Dec 1996
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, accession, acceptance, approval or succession.)
Austria

Declaration:
       “The Republic of Austria declares, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 9 of the Protocol that it accepts both of the means of dispute settlement mentioned in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting an obligation concerning one or both of these means of dispute settlement.”

Bulgaria

Declaration:
       " .....[u]nder Article 2, paragraph 5, subparagraph (c): The Republic of Bulgaria declares that it extends the time period for the sulphur content of diesel to 6 years and of gas oil to 9 years after the date of entry into force of the Protocol."

European Union

Declaration:
       “The European Community states that the ceiling for emissions and the weighted average percentage for the European Community ought not to exceed the sum of the obligations of the Member States of the European Union which have ratified the Protocol, while stressing that all its Member States must reduce their S02 emissions in accordance with the emission ceilings set in Annex II to the Protocol and in line with the relevant Community legislation.”

Netherlands

Declaration:
       "The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 9 of the [said Protocol], that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both of these means of dispute settlement."

End Note
1.In a letter dated 18 January 2002 and received  on 12 March 2002, the Secretary to the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, informed the Secretary-General that at its nineteenth session, the Executive Body adopted by consensus an adjustment to annex II to the Protocol necessary to enable Monaco’s accession to the Protocol, agreeing to add its name, together with emission levels, sulphur emission ceilings and percentage emission reductions.

In accordance with article 11 of the Protocol, the adoption of the adjustment will become effective on the ninetieth day following the date of the said letter, that is to say on 18 April 2002.

Subsequently, in a letter dated 8 March 2005 and received  on 14 March 2005, the Secretary to the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution, informed the Secretary-General that at its twenty-second session, the Executive Body adopted by consensus an adjustment to annex II to the Protocol necessary to enable Cyprus’s accession to the Protocol, agreeing to add its name, together with emission levels, sulphur emission ceilings and percentage emission reductions.

In accordance with article 11 of the Protocol, the adoption of the adjustment will become effective on the ninetieth day following the date of the said letter, that is to say on 12 May 2005.

In a letter dated 18 March 2008 and received on 27 March 2008, the Secretary to the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution informed the Secretary-General that at its twenty-fifth session, the Executive Body adopted by consensus an adjustment to Annex II to the Protocol necessary to enable Lithuania’s accession to the Protocol, agreeing to add its name, together with emission levels, emission ceilings and percentage emission reductions for sulphur.

2.United Nations,  Resolutions of the Economic and Social Council, 4th session, 28-29 March 1942 (E/437), p. 10.
3.With a declaration to the effect that this signature also commits the Flemish region, the Wallone region and the region of the capital Brussels.
4.With reservation for the application to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
5.For the Kingdom in Europe.
6.For the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Bailiwick of Jersey. On 21 November 2003: for the Isle of Man.