STATUS AS AT : 13-10-2019 07:15:40 EDT
CHAPTER IV
HUMAN RIGHTS
11 .d Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure
New York, 19 December 2011
Entry into force
:
14 April 2014, in accordance with article 19(1).
Registration :
14 April 2014, No. 27531
Status :
Signatories : 52. Parties : 46
Text :
Note :
The above Protocol, which was adopted at the sixty-sixth session of the General Assembly of the United Nations by resolution 66/138 of 19 December 2011, opened for signature in Geneva, Switzerland, on 28 February 2012 and remains open for signature thereafter at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
Participant
Signature
Accession(a), Ratification
Albania
24 Sep 2012
29 May 2013
Andorra
26 Sep 2012
25 Sep 2014
Argentina
25 Jul 2012
14 Apr 2015
Armenia
26 Sep 2019
 
Austria
28 Feb 2012
 
Belgium
28 Feb 2012
30 May 2014
Benin
24 Sep 2013
19 Aug 2019
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
   2 Apr 2013 a
Bosnia and Herzegovina
11 Jul 2017
17 May 2018
Brazil
28 Feb 2012
29 Sep 2017
Cabo Verde
24 Sep 2012
 
Chile
28 Feb 2012
 1 Sep 2015
Costa Rica
28 Feb 2012
14 Jan 2014
Côte d'Ivoire
24 Sep 2013
 
Croatia
27 Dec 2013
18 Apr 2017
Cyprus
27 Jul 2012
11 Sep 2017
Czech Republic
30 Apr 2015
 2 Dec 2015
Denmark 1
   7 Oct 2015 a
Ecuador
24 Apr 2013
19 Sep 2018
El Salvador
25 Jul 2013
 9 Feb 2015
Finland
28 Feb 2012
12 Nov 2015
France
20 Nov 2014
 7 Jan 2016
Gabon
  25 Sep 2012 a
Georgia
  19 Sep 2016 a
Germany
28 Feb 2012
28 Feb 2013
Ghana
24 Sep 2013
 
Guinea-Bissau
24 Sep 2013
 
Ireland
24 Sep 2014
24 Sep 2014
Italy
28 Feb 2012
 4 Feb 2016
Liechtenstein
24 Sep 2012
25 Jan 2017
Lithuania
30 Sep 2015
 
Luxembourg
28 Feb 2012
12 Feb 2016
Madagascar
24 Sep 2012
 
Maldives
28 Feb 2012
27 Sep 2019
Mali
28 Feb 2012
 
Malta
18 Apr 2012
 
Marshall Islands
  29 Jan 2019 a
Mauritius
13 Aug 2012
 
Monaco
  24 Sep 2014 a
Mongolia
 4 Oct 2013
28 Sep 2015
Montenegro
28 Feb 2012
24 Sep 2013
Morocco
28 Feb 2012
 
North Macedonia
23 May 2012
 
Panama
  16 Feb 2017 a
Paraguay
26 Sep 2012
20 Jan 2017
Peru
28 Feb 2012
 6 Jan 2016
Poland
30 Sep 2013
 
Portugal
28 Feb 2012
24 Sep 2013
Romania
13 Jun 2012
 
Samoa
  29 Apr 2016 a
San Marino
  26 Sep 2018 a
Senegal
 1 Oct 2012
 
Serbia
28 Feb 2012
 
Seychelles
24 Sep 2013
 
Slovakia
28 Feb 2012
 3 Dec 2013
Slovenia
28 Feb 2012
25 May 2018
Spain
28 Feb 2012
 3 Jun 2013
State of Palestine
  10 Apr 2019 a
Switzerland
  24 Apr 2017 a
Thailand
25 Sep 2012
25 Sep 2012
Tunisia
  14 Dec 2018 a
Turkey
24 Sep 2012
26 Dec 2017
Ukraine
20 Nov 2014
 2 Sep 2016
Uruguay
28 Feb 2012
23 Feb 2015
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made
upon ratification, acceptance, accession or succession.)
Albania

Albania

Declaration:

       “According to article 12, first paragraph of the Optional Protocol, the Republic of Albania hereby declares it accepts the competence of the committee to receive and examine the communications in which a State party claims that another State party does not meet its obligations under the instruments referred to in this paragraph [to] which the State is a party.”
Belgium

Belgium

Upon Signature

       Declaration:

       “This signature engages also the French Community, the Flemish Community, the German-speaking Community, the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.”

Upon Ratification

       Declaration:

       The Kingdom of Belgium recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to receive, pursuant to article 12 of the Optional Protocol, communications from a State party which claims that another State is not fulfilling its obligations.
Chile

Chile

Declaration:

       The Republic of Chile declares, in accordance to article 12, entitled Inter-State Communications, of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party is not fulfilling its obligations under any of the following instruments to which the State is a party: the Convention; the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; and to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the involvement of children in armed conflicts.

Czech Republic

Czech Republic

20 May 2016


       Pursuant to Article 12 (1) of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communication Procedure, the Czech Republic declares that it recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to receive and consider communications according to this article.
Finland

Finland

Declaration :

       “The Republic of Finland declares that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider inter-state communications made against it provided for in Article 12 of the Protocol.”
Germany

Germany

Declaration:

       “The Federal Republic of Germany recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications pursuant to Article 12(1) of the Optional Protocol.”
Italy

Italy

1 December 2016


Declaration:

       “... pursuant to Article 12 (1) of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure, done at New York on 19 December 2011, the Italian Republic declares that it recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party is not fulfilling its obligations under the instruments referred to in this Article.”
Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Declaration:

       "According to article 12 of the Optional Protocol from 19 December 2011 to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, the Principality of Liechtenstein declares that it recognises the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child  to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that the Principality of Liechtenstein does not fulfil its obligations under any of the following instruments: the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, or the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography."

Monaco

Monaco

Declaration:

       Pursuant to Article 13, paragraph 7, of the Protocol, the Principality of Monaco wishes to indicate that it does not recognize the competence of the Committee provided for in the present article in respect of the rights set forth in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography.
Portugal

Portugal

       “The Portuguese Republic declares that it recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child in accordance and for the purposes of article twelve of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, adopted in New York, on the nineteenth of December of two thousand and eleven.”
Slovakia

Slovakia

Declaration:

       “The Slovak Republic recognizes the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to receive and consider communications pursuant to Article 12 (1) of the Optional Protocol.”
Slovenia

Slovenia

Declaration:

       “Pursuant to Article 12, paragraph 1, of the said Protocol, the Republic of Slovenia declares that it recognises the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party is not fulfilling its obligations under the instruments in this paragraph.”
Switzerland

Switzerland

Declaration:

       Pursuant to article 12 (1) of the Protocol, Switzerland recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications under this provision.
Turkey

Turkey

Declaration:

       The Republic of Turkey declares with regard to the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child as provided for by the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, that the reservations and declarations it made to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in armed conflict and to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography fully retain their validity.
Ukraine

Ukraine

Declaration:

       Ukraine states that for the period of temporary occupation of a part of the territory of Ukraine – the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol – as a result of the armed aggression of the Russian Federation and until complete restoration of the constitutional order and effective control by Ukraine over such occupied territory, as well as over certain districts of the Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts of Ukraine, the application and/or implementation by Ukraine of the obligations under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure, as applied to the aforementioned occupied and uncontrolled territory of Ukraine, is limited and is not guaranteed.
Objections
(Unless otherwise indicated, the objections were made
upon ratification or accession.)
Cyprus

14 September 2018


With regard to the declaration made by Turkey upon ratification:

       “The Republic of Cyprus has examined the Declaration made by the Republic of Turkey on the 26th of December 2017, upon ratifying the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure (2011), limiting the competence of the Committee on the Rights of the Child to those States Parties which it recognizes and with which it has diplomatic relations. In the view of the Republic of Cyprus, this Declaration amounts to a Reservation.
       To this effect, the Republic of Cyprus would like to state that the Objections it has made in respect of the Declarations/Reservations of Turkey with regard to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in armed conflict and to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, fully retain their validity and apply equally to the Reservation of Turkey in respect to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a communications procedure.”
End Note
1.With Territorial exclusion with regard to Greenland and the Faroe Islands.