CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
8cNagoya - Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on BiosafetyNagoya, 15 October 20105 March 2018, in accordance with article 18(1) which reads as follows: "This Supplementary Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fortieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession by States or regional economic integration organizations that are Parties to the Protocol".5 March 2018, No. 30619Signatories51Parties49Doc.:<a href="/doc/source/docs/UNEP_CBD_BS_COP_MOP_5_17-E.pdf" target="_blank">UNEP/CBD/BS/COP-MOP/5/17</a> of 15 October 2010. C.N.826.2011.TREATIES-48 of 18 January 2012 (Proposal of corrections to the original text of the Protocol (Chinese version) and to the certified true copies) and C.N.201.2012.TREATIES-XXVII.8.c of 18 April 2012 (Corrections to the original text of the Protocol (Chinese version) and to the Certified true copies).The above Supplementary Protocol was adopted on 15 October 2010 at Nagoya, Japan, during the fifth meeting of the Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. In accordance with its article 17, the Supplementary Protocol will be opened for signature by Parties to the Protocol at the United Nations Headquarters in New York from 7 March 2011 until 6 March 2012.
ParticipantSignatureApproval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), RatificationAlbania29 Jan 2013 aAntigua and Barbuda 9 Aug 2011 Austria11 May 2011 20 May 2021 Belgium20 Sep 2011 Benin28 Oct 2011 Brazil 6 Mar 2012 Bulgaria11 May 2011 6 Dec 2012 Burkina Faso 4 Oct 2013 aCabo Verde26 Sep 2011 Cambodia30 Aug 2013 aCentral African Republic 6 Mar 2012 15 Jun 2017 Chad31 Jan 2012 Colombia 7 Mar 2011 14 Apr 2020 Congo16 May 2016 aCroatia 6 Sep 2019 aCuba26 Apr 2017 aCyprus29 Dec 2011 Czech Republic11 May 2011 13 Feb 2012 Democratic People's Republic of Korea 1 Oct 2019 aDemocratic Republic of the Congo 4 Oct 2017 aDenmark<superscript>1</superscript> 7 Mar 2011 25 Feb 2015 AAEstonia 6 Feb 2015 aEswatini21 Sep 2016 aEuropean Union11 May 2011 21 Mar 2013 AAFinland11 May 2011 25 Apr 2014 AFrance11 May 2011 1 Oct 2019 Germany20 Sep 2011 27 Aug 2013 Guinea-Bissau 1 Feb 2012 24 Sep 2013 AHungary11 May 2011 9 Dec 2013 India11 Oct 2011 19 Dec 2014 Ireland11 May 2011 14 Jan 2013 Italy14 Jun 2011 9 Apr 2019 Japan 2 Mar 2012 5 Dec 2017 ALatvia11 May 2011 30 Nov 2011 Liberia17 Aug 2015 aLithuania11 May 2011 6 Dec 2012 Luxembourg11 May 2011 14 May 2013 Madagascar22 Sep 2011 Mali23 Jun 2016 aMauritania18 May 2011 Mexico 5 Mar 2012 26 Sep 2012 Mongolia26 Jan 2012 21 May 2013 Montenegro11 May 2011 Mozambique26 Sep 2011 Netherlands<superscript>2</superscript> 7 Mar 2011 30 Dec 2013 ANigeria 1 Feb 2012 Norway 1 Nov 2012 aPanama 3 May 2011 Peru 4 May 2011 Poland20 Sep 2011 Portugal20 Sep 2011 Republic of Moldova25 Jan 2012 30 Jul 2018 Romania11 May 2011 4 Oct 2013 Senegal26 Jan 2012 Slovakia20 Jan 2012 28 Apr 2015 Slovenia11 May 2011 8 May 2014 Spain21 Jul 2011 4 Dec 2012 Sweden 7 Mar 2011 12 Oct 2012 Switzerland11 May 2011 27 Oct 2014 Syrian Arab Republic 5 Nov 2012 aThailand 6 Mar 2012 Togo27 Sep 2011 8 Feb 2016 Tunisia11 May 2011 Uganda25 Jun 2014 aUkraine30 Jan 2012 United Arab Emirates12 Sep 2014 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland22 Feb 2012 17 Mar 2015 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)10 Oct 2018 aViet Nam23 Apr 2014 a
Declarations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, accession, acceptance, approval or succession.)BelgiumUpon signature"This signature engages also the Walloon Region, the Flemish Region and the Brussels-Capital Region."European UnionDeclaration in accordance with Article 34(3) of the Convention on Biological Diversity“The European Union declares that, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 191 thereof, it is competent for entering into international agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:- preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment;- protecting human health;- prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;- promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, and in particular combating climate change.Moreover, the European Union adopts measures at Union level in the area of judicial cooperation in civil matters for the proper functioning of its internal market.The European Union declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Supplementary Protocol. The exercise of Union competence is by nature subject to continuous development. In order to comply with its obligations under Article 20(3)(a) of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention of Biodiversity, the Union will keep up to date the list of legal instruments already transmitted to the Biosafety Clearing House.The European Union is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from this Supplementary Protocol which are covered by Union law in force.”1 With Territorial exclusion with regard to Greenland and the Faroe Islands2For the European part of the Netherlands