CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
2eAmendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone LayerBeijing, 3 December 199925 February 2002, in accordance with article 3(1) of the amendment.25 February 2002, No. 26369Parties197United Nations, <i>Treaty Series</i>, vol. 2173, p. 183; C.N.1231.1999.TREATIES-1 of 28 January 2000 and C.N.13.2004.TREATIES-2 of 8 January 2004 [Procès-verbal of rectification of the original of the amendment (French version)]; C.N.1003.2007.TREATIES-13of 16 October 2007 (proposal for corrections to the original text of the Amendment (Chinese version) and to the Certified True Copies and C.N.73.2008.TREATIES-2 of 6 February 2008 (Corrections).At the Eleventh Meeting of the Parties to the Protocol, held in Beijing from 29 November to 3 December 1999, the Parties adopted, in accordance with the procedure laid down in article 9, paragraph 4 of the 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol as set out in Annex V to the report of the Eleventh Meeting of the Parties (Decision XI/5).
ParticipantRatification, Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Accession(a), Succession(d)Afghanistan17 Jun 2004 aAlbania25 May 2006 aAlgeria 6 Aug 2007 Andorra26 Jan 2009 aAngola21 Jun 2011 aAntigua and Barbuda29 Jun 2010 aArgentina28 Aug 2006 Armenia18 Dec 2008 Australia17 Aug 2005 AAustria23 Sep 2004 Azerbaijan31 Aug 2012 Bahamas16 Mar 2005 ABahrain25 Sep 2013 Bangladesh24 Aug 2010 aBarbados10 Dec 2002 aBelarus13 Mar 2007 ABelgium 6 Apr 2006 Belize17 Jan 2008 ABenin16 Nov 2007 Bhutan23 Aug 2004 aBolivia (Plurinational State of) 4 Sep 2013 aBosnia and Herzegovina11 Oct 2011 aBotswana21 Feb 2013 aBrazil30 Jun 2004 Brunei Darussalam 3 Mar 2009 aBulgaria15 Apr 2002 aBurkina Faso11 Nov 2002 Burundi18 Oct 2001 ACabo Verde30 Nov 2011 Cambodia31 Jan 2007 aCameroon21 Aug 2009 Canada 9 Feb 2001 ACentral African Republic29 May 2008 Chad 2 Jan 2013 Chile 3 May 2000 China19 May 2010 AColombia15 Sep 2006 aComoros 2 Dec 2002 aCongo19 Oct 2001 aCook Islands22 Dec 2003 aCosta Rica 1 Dec 2008 Côte d'Ivoire28 Jun 2012 Croatia25 Apr 2002 Cuba12 Sep 2005 ACyprus 2 Sep 2004 Czech Republic 9 May 2001 ADemocratic People's Republic of Korea13 Dec 2001 aDemocratic Republic of the Congo23 Mar 2005 aDenmark<superscript>1</superscript>24 Sep 2003 ADjibouti 6 Feb 2013 Dominica 7 Mar 2006 aDominican Republic 1 Oct 2009 aEcuador31 Jan 2013 aEgypt 6 Mar 2009 El Salvador13 Nov 2007 aEquatorial Guinea11 Jul 2007 aEritrea 5 Jul 2005 aEstonia22 Dec 2003 Eswatini16 Dec 2005 aEthiopia25 Nov 2009 European Union25 Mar 2002 AAFiji19 Feb 2007 aFinland18 Jun 2001 AFrance25 Jul 2003 AAGabon 4 Dec 2000 aGambia30 Apr 2008 Georgia 8 Apr 2011 aGermany28 Oct 2002 Ghana 8 Aug 2005 aGreece27 Jan 2006 Grenada12 Jan 2004 aGuatemala21 Jan 2002 aGuinea28 Feb 2012 aGuinea-Bissau12 Nov 2002 aGuyana 2 Jun 2008 AHaiti 8 Oct 2013 aHoly See 5 May 2008 aHonduras14 Sep 2007 aHungary23 Apr 2002 AAIceland31 Mar 2004 India 3 Mar 2003 aIndonesia26 Jan 2006 Iran (Islamic Republic of)14 Feb 2013 AIraq25 Jun 2008 aIreland 6 Oct 2005 AIsrael15 Apr 2004 Italy22 Oct 2004 Jamaica24 Sep 2003 aJapan30 Aug 2002 AJordan 1 Feb 2001 Kazakhstan19 Sep 2014 Kenya 9 Oct 2013 Kiribati 9 Aug 2004 aKuwait30 Jul 2007 aKyrgyzstan 5 Oct 2005 Lao People's Democratic Republic28 Jun 2006 aLatvia 9 Jul 2004 ALebanon21 Nov 2008 aLesotho15 Apr 2010 aLiberia30 Nov 2004 aLibya15 Apr 2014 Liechtenstein23 Dec 2003 ALithuania17 Mar 2004 ALuxembourg22 Jan 2001 Madagascar16 Jan 2002 aMalawi27 Feb 2009 Malaysia26 Oct 2001 Maldives 3 Sep 2002 aMali25 Mar 2004 AMalta22 Dec 2003 AMarshall Islands19 May 2004 aMauritania 4 Dec 2014 Mauritius24 Mar 2003 AMexico12 Sep 2007 AMicronesia (Federated States of)27 Nov 2001 aMonaco 3 Apr 2003 AMongolia24 Jun 2008 Montenegro<superscript>2</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dMorocco19 Sep 2012 Mozambique11 Nov 2010 aMyanmar30 Jan 2012 aNamibia 1 Oct 2007 ANauru10 Sep 2004 aNepal18 May 2012 aNetherlands13 Nov 2001 ANew Zealand<superscript>3</superscript> 8 Jun 2001 Nicaragua 7 Nov 2012 Niger25 Aug 2005 Nigeria24 May 2004 Niue22 Dec 2003 aNorth Macedonia23 May 2002 aNorway29 Nov 2001 Oman19 Jan 2005 Pakistan 2 Sep 2005 Palau29 May 2001 aPanama 5 Dec 2001 Papua New Guinea12 Nov 2013 aParaguay18 Jul 2006 aPeru26 Sep 2012 Philippines23 May 2006 Poland13 Apr 2006 Portugal 8 May 2006 Qatar29 Jan 2009 Republic of Korea 9 Jan 2004 ARepublic of Moldova 5 Dec 2006 aRomania17 Nov 2005 ARussian Federation14 Dec 2005 ARwanda 7 Jan 2004 aSamoa 4 Oct 2001 ASan Marino23 Apr 2009 aSao Tome and Principe19 Nov 2001 aSaudi Arabia14 Mar 2014 Senegal 8 Oct 2003 Serbia22 Mar 2005 aSeychelles26 Aug 2002 aSierra Leone29 Aug 2001 aSingapore10 Jan 2007 aSlovakia22 May 2002 Slovenia23 Jan 2003 Solomon Islands22 Sep 2011 Somalia 1 Aug 2001 aSouth Africa11 Nov 2004 aSouth Sudan16 Oct 2012 aSpain19 Feb 2002 ASri Lanka27 Nov 2002 ASt. Kitts and Nevis 8 Jan 2009 St. Lucia12 Dec 2001 St. Vincent and the Grenadines11 May 2009 aSudan18 May 2004 aSuriname29 Mar 2006 aSweden28 Mar 2002 Switzerland28 Aug 2002 Syrian Arab Republic11 May 2012 aTajikistan 7 May 2009 aThailand14 Nov 2006 Timor-Leste16 Sep 2009 aTogo26 Nov 2001 ATonga26 Nov 2003 Trinidad and Tobago29 Oct 2003 Tunisia16 May 2005 aTürkiye24 Oct 2003 Turkmenistan28 Mar 2008 aTuvalu 4 Oct 2004 AUganda27 Jul 2007 aUkraine 4 May 2007 United Arab Emirates16 Feb 2005 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>4,5,6</superscript>12 Oct 2001 United Republic of Tanzania 6 Dec 2002 United States of America 1 Oct 2003 Uruguay 9 Sep 2003 aUzbekistan31 Oct 2006 Vanuatu21 Jul 2011 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)22 Dec 2006 Viet Nam 3 Dec 2004 Yemen13 Oct 2009 aZambia11 Oct 2007 aZimbabwe 1 Mar 2012 a
Declarations and Reservations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval, accession or succession.)Holy See<i>Declaration:</i>“In acceding to the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, as well as its four Amendments: London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Montreal (1997) and Beijing (1999), the Holy See desires to encourage the entire International Community to be resolute in promoting authentic cooperation between politics, science and economics. Such cooperation, as has been shown in the case of the ozone regime, can achieve important outcomes, which make it simultaneously possible to safeguard creation, to promote integral human development and to care for the common good, in a spirit of responsible solidarity and with profound positive repercussions for present and future generations.In conformity with its own nature and with the particular character of Vatican City State, the Holy See, by means of the solemn act of accession, intends to give its own moral support to the commitment of States to the correct and effective implementation of the Treaties in question and to the attaining of the mentioned objectives. To this end, it expresses the wish that by recognizing ‘the signs of [an economic growth] that has not always been able to protect the delicate balances of nature’ (Homily of Pope Benedict XVI at Loreto, 2 September 2007), all actors will intensify the aforesaid cooperation and strengthen ‘the alliance between man and the environment, which must mirror the creative love of God, from whom we come and to whom we are bound’(Benedict XVI, After the Angelus, 16 September 2007).”1In a communication received on 3 December 2009, the Government of Denmark notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration, made upon ratification to the Amendment, relating to the territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands.2See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.3With a territorial application in respect of Tokelau.4 <i>On 5 August 2014</i> the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the Amendment would extend to the territory of Gibraltar as follows: “… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s Ratification of the [Amendment] be extended to the territory of Gibraltar for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the [Amendment] to the territory of Gibraltar to enter into force on the day of receipt of this notification by [the depositary] for deposit… ” On 17 April 2015, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain the following communication relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar: 1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the General Assembly. 2. The authorities of Gibraltar are local in character, and exercise competences exclusively over internal affairs that originate in and are based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic legislation and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory. 3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Amendment shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the internal affairs of Gibraltar and shall not be considered toaffect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs. 4. The procedure envisaged in the “Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of Mixed Agreements (2007)” which was agreed by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007 together with "Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of European Union and European Community Instruments and Related Treaties" of 19 April 2000, applies to the present Amendment. 5. The application of the present Amendment to Gibraltar cannot be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations involving matters not included in Article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht of 13 July 1713, signed by the crowns of Spain and Great Britain. 5On 4 August 2020, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that its ratification of the Amendment would extend to the territoire of the Bailiwick of Jersey, as follows: “… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby extends the application of the United Kingdom's Ratification of the… Beijing [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Bailiwick of Jersey for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the… Beijing [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Bailiwick of Jersey to be effective on the day of receipt of this notification…”6On 25 February 2021, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the Amendment would extend to the territory of the Isle of Man as follows: “... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby extends the application of the United Kingdom’s ratification of the… Beijing… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Isle of Man for the international relations of which the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the… Beijing… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Isle of Man to be effective on the day of receipt of this notification...”