CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
2dAmendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone LayerMontreal, 17 September 199710 November 1999, in accordance with article 3(1).10 November 1999, No. 26369Parties197United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 2054, p. 522; UNEP/OzL.Pro.9/12, Annex IV of the Report of the Ninth Meeting of the Parties; C.N.783.1999.TREATIES-21 of 13 October 1999 (proposal for corrections to the original text of the amendment - Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish authentic texts); C.N.1002.2007.TREATIES-10 of 16 October 2007 (proposal for corrections to the original text of the Amendment (Chinese version) and to the Certified True Copies) and C.N.71.2008.TREATIES-2 of 6 February 2008 (Corrections).<superscript>1</superscript>The amendment to the Montreal Protocol as set out in Annexes I to III to the report of the Ninth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (Decision IX/4), which was held in Montreal from 15 to 17 September 1997, was adopted in accordance with the procedure laid down in article 9 (4) of the 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer.
ParticipantApproval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Succession(d), RatificationAfghanistan17 Jun 2004 aAlbania25 May 2006 aAlgeria 6 Aug 2007 Andorra26 Jan 2009 aAngola21 Jun 2011 aAntigua and Barbuda10 Feb 2000 Argentina15 Feb 2001 Armenia18 Dec 2008 Australia 5 Jan 1999 AAustria 7 Aug 2000 Azerbaijan28 Sep 2000 AABahamas16 Mar 2005 ABahrain13 Mar 2001 Bangladesh27 Jul 2001 ABarbados10 Dec 2002 aBelarus13 Mar 2007 ABelgium11 Aug 2004 Belize17 Jan 2008 ABenin16 Nov 2007 Bhutan23 Aug 2004 aBolivia (Plurinational State of)12 Apr 1999 aBosnia and Herzegovina11 Aug 2003 aBotswana21 Feb 2013 aBrazil30 Jun 2004 Brunei Darussalam 3 Mar 2009 aBulgaria24 Nov 1999 Burkina Faso11 Nov 2002 Burundi18 Oct 2001 ACabo Verde31 Jul 2001 aCambodia31 Jan 2007 aCameroon21 Aug 2009 Canada27 Mar 1998 Central African Republic29 May 2008 Chad30 May 2001 Chile17 Jun 1998 China19 May 2010 AColombia16 Jun 2003 aComoros 2 Dec 2002 aCongo19 Oct 2001 aCook Islands22 Dec 2003 aCosta Rica 1 Dec 2005 Côte d'Ivoire28 Jun 2012 Croatia 8 Sep 2000 Cuba12 Sep 2005 ACyprus 2 Jun 2003 ACzech Republic 5 Nov 1999 AADemocratic People's Republic of Korea13 Dec 2001 aDemocratic Republic of the Congo23 Mar 2005 aDenmark<superscript>2</superscript>24 Sep 2003 ADjibouti30 Jul 1999 aDominica 7 Mar 2006 aDominican Republic 1 Oct 2009 aEcuador16 Feb 2007 aEgypt20 Jul 2000 El Salvador 8 Dec 2000 aEquatorial Guinea11 Jul 2007 aEritrea 5 Jul 2005 aEstonia11 Apr 2003 aEswatini16 Dec 2005 aEthiopia25 Nov 2009 European Union17 Nov 2000 AAFiji19 Feb 2007 aFinland18 Jun 2001 AFrance25 Jul 2003 AAGabon 4 Dec 2000 aGambia30 Apr 2008 Georgia12 Jul 2000 aGermany 5 Jan 1999 Ghana 8 Aug 2005 aGreece27 Jan 2006 Grenada20 May 1999 aGuatemala21 Jan 2002 aGuinea28 Feb 2012 aGuinea-Bissau12 Nov 2002 aGuyana23 Jul 1999 AHaiti29 Mar 2000 aHoly See 5 May 2008 aHonduras14 Sep 2007 aHungary26 Jul 1999 Iceland 8 Feb 2000 India 3 Mar 2003 aIndonesia26 Jan 2006 Iran (Islamic Republic of)17 Oct 2001 AIraq25 Jun 2008 aIreland 6 Oct 2005 AIsrael28 May 2003 Italy 1 May 2001 Jamaica24 Sep 2003 aJapan30 Aug 2002 AJordan 3 Feb 1999 Kazakhstan28 Jun 2011 aKenya12 Jul 2000 Kiribati 9 Aug 2004 aKuwait13 Jun 2003 aKyrgyzstan13 May 2003 Lao People's Democratic Republic28 Jun 2006 aLatvia14 Jun 2002 ALebanon31 Jul 2000 aLesotho15 Apr 2010 aLiberia30 Nov 2004 aLibya15 Apr 2014 Liechtenstein23 Dec 2003 ALithuania17 Mar 2004 ALuxembourg 8 Feb 1999 Madagascar16 Jan 2002 aMalawi27 Feb 2009 Malaysia26 Oct 2001 Maldives27 Sep 2001 Mali 7 Mar 2003 AMalta22 Dec 2003 AMarshall Islands27 Jan 2003 aMauritania22 Jul 2005 AMauritius24 Mar 2003 AMexico28 Jul 2006 AMicronesia (Federated States of)27 Nov 2001 aMonaco26 Jul 2001 AMongolia28 Mar 2002 Montenegro<superscript>3</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dMorocco19 Sep 2012 Mozambique11 Nov 2010 aMyanmar30 Jan 2012 aNamibia 1 Oct 2007 ANauru10 Sep 2004 aNepal18 May 2012 aNetherlands21 Feb 2000 ANew Zealand<superscript>4</superscript> 3 Jun 1999 Nicaragua 7 Nov 2012 Niger 8 Oct 1999 Nigeria27 Sep 2001 Niue22 Dec 2003 aNorth Macedonia31 Aug 1999 aNorway30 Dec 1998 Oman19 Jan 2005 Pakistan 2 Sep 2005 Palau29 May 2001 aPanama 5 Mar 1999 Papua New Guinea12 Nov 2013 aParaguay27 Apr 2001 Peru20 May 2008 aPhilippines23 May 2006 Poland 6 Dec 1999 Portugal 3 Oct 2003 Qatar29 Jan 2009 Republic of Korea19 Aug 1998 ARepublic of Moldova24 May 2005 aRomania21 May 2001 ARussian Federation14 Dec 2005 ARwanda 7 Jan 2004 aSamoa 4 Oct 2001 ASan Marino23 Apr 2009 aSao Tome and Principe19 Nov 2001 aSaudi Arabia14 Mar 2014 Senegal12 Aug 1999 aSerbia22 Mar 2005 aSeychelles26 Aug 2002 aSierra Leone29 Aug 2001 aSingapore22 Sep 2000 aSlovakia 3 Nov 1999 AASlovenia15 Nov 1999 Solomon Islands17 Aug 1999 aSomalia 1 Aug 2001 aSouth Africa11 Nov 2004 aSouth Sudan16 Oct 2012 aSpain11 May 1999 ASri Lanka20 Aug 1999 aSt. Kitts and Nevis25 Feb 1999 St. Lucia24 Aug 1999 aSt. Vincent and the Grenadines11 May 2009 aSudan18 May 2004 aSuriname29 Mar 2006 aSweden12 Jul 1999 Switzerland28 Aug 2002 Syrian Arab Republic30 Nov 1999 aTajikistan 7 May 2009 aThailand23 Jun 2003 Timor-Leste16 Sep 2009 aTogo26 Nov 2001 ATonga26 Nov 2003 Trinidad and Tobago10 Jun 1999 Tunisia19 Oct 1999 Turkey24 Oct 2003 Turkmenistan28 Mar 2008 aTuvalu31 Aug 2000 AUganda23 Nov 1999 aUkraine 4 May 2007 United Arab Emirates16 Feb 2005 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>5,6,7</superscript>12 Oct 2001 United Republic of Tanzania 6 Dec 2002 United States of America 1 Oct 2003 Uruguay16 Feb 2000 aUzbekistan31 Oct 2006 Vanuatu21 Jul 2011 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)13 May 2002 Viet Nam 3 Dec 2004 Yemen23 Apr 2001 aZambia11 Oct 2007 aZimbabwe 1 Mar 2012 a
Declarations and Reservations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon ratification, acceptance, approval, accession or succession.)Holy See<i>Declaration:</i>“In acceding to the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, as well as its four Amendments: London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Montreal (1997) and Beijing (1999), the Holy See desires to encourage the entire International Community to be resolute in promoting authentic cooperation between politics, science and economics. Such cooperation, as has been shown in the case of the ozone regime, can achieve important outcomes, which make it simultaneously possible to safeguard creation, to promote integral human development and to care for the common good, in a spirit of responsible solidarity and with profound positive repercussions for present and future generations.In conformity with its own nature and with the particular character of Vatican City State, the Holy See, by means of the solemn act of accession, intends to give its own moral support to the commitment of States to the correct and effective implementation of the Treaties in question and to the attaining of the mentioned objectives. To this end, it expresses the wish that by recognizing ‘the signs of [an economic growth] that has not always been able to protect the delicate balances of nature’ (Homily of Pope Benedict XVI at Loreto, 2 September 2007), all actors will intensify the aforesaid cooperation and strengthen ‘the alliance between man and the environment, which must mirror the creative love of God, from whom we come and to whom we are bound’(Benedict XVI, After the Angelus, 16 September 2007).”1 In this regard, the Secretary-General received the following objection: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (20 December 1999): "With regard to the authentic English text, the Government of the United Kingdom considers the original text of both article 3 (1) and article 3 (3) of the Amendment to be correct. The Government therefore objects to the proposal to correct the text of these two paragraphs by the addition of the words 'or accession'. The Government of the United Kingdom respectfully draws the attention of the Secretary-General to article 9, paragraph 5, of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, and to article 14 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. The effect of these provisions is that amendments to the Protocol are subject to ratification, approval or acceptance. There is no provision for accession to amendments. The Government therefore believes that the addition of the words proposed by the Secretary-General would be inconsistent with the provisions of the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol which apply to the entry into force of amendments to the Protocol. The Government of the United Kingdom also notes that the existing wording of the authentic English text of article 3 (1) and article 3 (3) of the 1997 Amendment is consistent with the wording used in previous amendments to the Montreal Protocol, namely article 2 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol adopted at London in 1990 and article 3 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol adopted at Copenhagen in 1992. The Secretary-General's Depositary Notification refers to errors in the first sentence of article 3 (1) (except French version). The Government of the United Kingdom has not seen the authentic French version ofarticle 3 (1), which was not attached to the Depositary Notification, but would respectfully suggest that the Secretary-General may wish to consider whether there are errors in the French version." 2In a communication received on 3 December 2009, the Government of Denmark notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration, made upon ratification to the Amendment, relating to the territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands.3See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.4See also note 1 under "New Zealand" regarding Tokelau in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.5 On 5 August 2014, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the Amendment would extend to the territory of Gibraltar as follows: “… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s Ratification of the [Amendment] be extended to the territory of Gibraltar for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the [Amendment] to the territory of Gibraltar to enter into force on the day of receipt of this notification by [the depositary] for deposit… ”6On 4 August 2020, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that its ratification of the Amendment would extend to the territoire of the Bailiwick of Jersey, as follows: “… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby extends the application of the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Montreal… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Bailiwick of Jersey for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Montreal… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Bailiwick of Jersey to be effective on the day of receipt of this notification…”7On 25 February 2021, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the Amendment would extend to the territory of the Isle of Man as follows: “... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby extends the application of the United Kingdom’s ratification of the… Montreal… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Isle of Man for the international relations of which the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the… Montreal… [Amendment] to the Montreal Protocol to the territory of the Isle of Man to be effective on the day of receipt of this notification...”