CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
2bAmendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone LayerLondon, 29 June 199010 August 1992, in accordance with article 2(1).7 March 1991, No. 26369Parties197United Nations, <i>Treaty Series</i>, vol. 1598, p. 469; Annex II of the Report of the Second Meeting (<a href="/doc/source/docs/unep_Ozl.Pro_2_3-Eng.pdf" target="_blank">Doc. UNEP/Ozl.Pro.2/3</a>); and depositary notification C.N.133.1991.TREATIES-3/2 of 27 August 1991 (rectification of the Spanish authentic text of the adjustments and amendment).The amendment was adopted by Decision II/2 of 29 June 1990 at the Second Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, which was held at the Headquarters of the International Maritime Organization, in London, from 27 to 29 June 1990.
ParticipantApproval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), Succession(d), RatificationAfghanistan17 Jun 2004 aAlbania25 May 2006 aAlgeria20 Oct 1992 aAndorra26 Jan 2009 aAngola21 Jun 2011 aAntigua and Barbuda23 Feb 1993 aArgentina 4 Dec 1992 Armenia26 Nov 2003 aAustralia11 Aug 1992 AAustria11 Dec 1992 Azerbaijan12 Jun 1996 aBahamas 4 May 1993 aBahrain23 Dec 1992 ABangladesh18 Mar 1994 Barbados20 Jul 1994 ABelarus10 Jun 1996 Belgium 5 Oct 1993 Belize 9 Jan 1998 aBenin21 Jun 2000 Bhutan23 Aug 2004 aBolivia (Plurinational State of) 3 Oct 1994 aBosnia and Herzegovina11 Aug 2003 aBotswana13 May 1997 aBrazil 1 Oct 1992 ABrunei Darussalam 3 Mar 2009 aBulgaria28 Apr 1999 Burkina Faso10 Jun 1994 Burundi18 Oct 2001 ACabo Verde31 Jul 2001 aCambodia31 Jan 2007 aCameroon 8 Jun 1992 ACanada 5 Jul 1990 ACentral African Republic29 May 2008 Chad30 May 2001 Chile 9 Apr 1992 AChina<superscript>1,2</superscript>14 Jun 1991 aColombia 6 Dec 1993 aComoros31 Oct 1994 aCongo16 Nov 1994 Cook Islands22 Dec 2003 aCosta Rica11 Nov 1998 Côte d'Ivoire18 May 1994 Croatia15 Oct 1993 Cuba19 Oct 1998 Cyprus11 Oct 1994 ACzech Republic18 Dec 1996 aDemocratic People's Republic of Korea17 Jun 1999 aDemocratic Republic of the Congo30 Nov 1994 aDenmark<superscript>3</superscript>20 Dec 1991 ADjibouti30 Jul 1999 aDominica31 Mar 1993 aDominican Republic24 Dec 2001 aEcuador23 Feb 1993 Egypt13 Jan 1993 El Salvador 8 Dec 2000 aEquatorial Guinea11 Jul 2007 aEritrea 5 Jul 2005 aEstonia12 Apr 1999 Eswatini16 Dec 2005 aEthiopia25 Nov 2009 European Union20 Dec 1991 AAFiji 9 Dec 1994 aFinland20 Dec 1991 AFrance12 Feb 1992 AAGabon 4 Dec 2000 aGambia13 Mar 1995 Georgia12 Jul 2000 aGermany27 Dec 1991 Ghana24 Jul 1992 Greece11 May 1993 Grenada 7 Dec 1993 aGuatemala21 Jan 2002 aGuinea25 Jun 1992 aGuinea-Bissau12 Nov 2002 aGuyana23 Jul 1999 AHaiti29 Mar 2000 aHoly See 5 May 2008 aHonduras24 Jan 2002 Hungary 9 Nov 1993 AAIceland16 Jun 1993 India19 Jun 1992 aIndonesia26 Jun 1992 Iran (Islamic Republic of) 4 Aug 1997 AIraq25 Jun 2008 aIreland20 Dec 1991 AIsrael30 Jun 1992 Italy21 Feb 1992 AAJamaica31 Mar 1993 aJapan 4 Sep 1991 AJordan12 Nov 1993 Kazakhstan26 Jul 2001 aKenya27 Sep 1994 Kiribati 9 Aug 2004 aKuwait22 Jul 1994 aKyrgyzstan13 May 2003 Lao People's Democratic Republic28 Jun 2006 aLatvia 2 Nov 1998 aLebanon31 Mar 1993 aLesotho15 Apr 2010 aLiberia15 Jan 1996 aLibya12 Jul 2001 Liechtenstein24 Mar 1994 Lithuania 3 Feb 1998 Luxembourg20 May 1992 Madagascar16 Jan 2002 aMalawi 8 Feb 1994 AMalaysia16 Jun 1993 aMaldives31 Jul 1991 Mali28 Oct 1994 aMalta 4 Feb 1994 AMarshall Islands11 Mar 1993 aMauritania22 Jul 2005 AMauritius20 Oct 1992 aMexico11 Oct 1991 AMicronesia (Federated States of)27 Nov 2001 aMonaco12 Mar 1993 aMongolia 7 Mar 1996 aMontenegro<superscript>4</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dMorocco28 Dec 1995 Mozambique 9 Sep 1994 aMyanmar24 Nov 1993 aNamibia 6 Nov 1997 Nauru10 Sep 2004 aNepal 6 Jul 1994 aNetherlands<superscript>5</superscript>20 Dec 1991 ANew Zealand<superscript>6</superscript> 1 Oct 1990 ANicaragua13 Dec 1999 Niger11 Jan 1996 aNigeria27 Sep 2001 Niue22 Dec 2003 aNorth Macedonia 9 Nov 1998 Norway18 Nov 1991 Oman 5 Aug 1999 aPakistan18 Dec 1992 aPalau29 May 2001 aPanama10 Feb 1994 Papua New Guinea 4 May 1993 aParaguay 3 Dec 1992 aPeru31 Mar 1993 aPhilippines 9 Aug 1993 Poland 2 Oct 1996 aPortugal<superscript>1</superscript>24 Nov 1992 Qatar22 Jan 1996 aRepublic of Korea10 Dec 1992 aRepublic of Moldova25 Jun 2001 aRomania27 Jan 1993 aRussian Federation13 Jan 1992 ARwanda 7 Jan 2004 aSamoa 4 Oct 2001 ASan Marino23 Apr 2009 aSao Tome and Principe19 Nov 2001 aSaudi Arabia 1 Mar 1993 aSenegal 6 May 1993 Serbia22 Mar 2005 aSeychelles 6 Jan 1993 aSierra Leone29 Aug 2001 aSingapore 2 Mar 1993 aSlovakia15 Apr 1994 AASlovenia 8 Dec 1992 ASolomon Islands17 Aug 1999 aSomalia 1 Aug 2001 aSouth Africa12 May 1992 ASouth Sudan16 Oct 2012 aSpain19 May 1992 ASri Lanka16 Jun 1993 aSt. Kitts and Nevis 8 Jul 1998 St. Lucia24 Aug 1999 aSt. Vincent and the Grenadines 2 Dec 1996 aSudan 2 Jan 2002 aSuriname29 Mar 2006 aSweden 2 Aug 1991 Switzerland16 Sep 1992 Syrian Arab Republic30 Nov 1999 aTajikistan 7 Jan 1998 aThailand25 Jun 1992 Timor-Leste16 Sep 2009 aTogo 6 Jul 1998 ATonga26 Nov 2003 Trinidad and Tobago10 Jun 1999 Tunisia15 Jul 1993 aTurkey13 Apr 1995 Turkmenistan15 Mar 1994 aTuvalu31 Aug 2000 AUganda20 Jan 1994 Ukraine 6 Feb 1997 United Arab Emirates16 Feb 2005 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>2,7</superscript>20 Dec 1991 United Republic of Tanzania16 Apr 1993 aUnited States of America18 Dec 1991 Uruguay16 Nov 1993 aUzbekistan10 Jun 1998 aVanuatu21 Nov 1994 AVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)29 Jul 1993 Viet Nam26 Jan 1994 aYemen23 Apr 2001 aZambia15 Apr 1994 Zimbabwe 3 Jun 1994
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, acceptance, approval, accession or succession.)Bahrain<superscript>8</superscript>Holy See<i>Declaration:</i>“In acceding to the Vienna Convention on the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, as well as its four Amendments: London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), Montreal (1997) and Beijing (1999), the Holy See desires to encourage the entire International Community to be resolute in promoting authentic cooperation between politics, science and economics. Such cooperation, as has been shown in the case of the ozone regime, can achieve important outcomes, which make it simultaneously possible to safeguard creation, to promote integral human development and to care for the common good, in a spirit of responsible solidarity and with profound positive repercussions for present and future generations.In conformity with its own nature and with the particular character of Vatican City State, the Holy See, by means of the solemn act of accession, intends to give its own moral support to the commitment of States to the correct and effective implementation of the Treaties in question and to the attaining of the mentioned objectives. To this end, it expresses the wish that by recognizing ‘the signs of [an economic growth] that has not always been able to protect the delicate balances of nature’ (Homily of Pope Benedict XVI at Loreto, 2 September 2007), all actors will intensify the aforesaid cooperation and strengthen ‘the alliance between man and the environment, which must mirror the creative love of God, from whom we come and to whom we are bound’(Benedict XVI, After the Angelus, 16 September 2007).”JapanDeclaration:It is hereby declared that the Government of Japan accepts the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, in accordance with the provisions of article 9 of the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer.1On 15 February 1994, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Portugal a notification to the effect that it shall extend the Amendment to Macau.Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:<i>Portugal (21 October 1999): </i>“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."<i>China (19 October 1999): </i>In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following:]The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of accession on 11 September 1989, as well as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 and tAmendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment"), will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People's Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:Provisions of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region, and provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region.In reference to the communication made on 19 October 1999, the Government of China furthermore informs the Secretary-General of the following:The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment to the Macau Special Administrative Region.The above-mentioned declaration is solely to make the provisions of the Protocol that had previously applied to Macau continue to so apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region. The declaration is not purported to modify the obligations previously undertaken by Macau under the Protocol and is fully consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Protocol. In fact, the Chinese Government had made a statement of the same nature in the note of 6 June 1997 to the Secretary-General of the United Nations concerning the continuing application of the Protocol to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The past two years and a half since Hong Kong's return to China saw a clear and full understanding on the part of the Parties to the Protocol of the approach adopted by the Chinese Government.2On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.3Decision reserved as to the application to the Faroe Islands. On 24 October 2007, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Denmark a communication that it shall extend the Amendment to the Faroe Islands.4See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.5For the Kingdom in Europe. In a communication received on 16 March 1992, the Government of the Netherlands notified the Secretary-General that "the Kingdom of the Netherlands accepts the Amendment . . . for Aruba, and [declares] that the provisions so accepted shall be observed in their entirety."6See also note 1 under “New Zealand” regarding Tokelau in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.7In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Gibraltar. Subsequently, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland notified the Secretary-General that the amendment shall extend to the following territories on the dates indicated hereinafter: 2Date of the notification:Territorial application: 8 September 1993Hong Kong, British Antarctic Territory and the Bailiwick of Guernsey 4 January 1995The Bailiwick of Jersey 30 October 1995The British Virgin Islands 25 February 2021Isle of Man
8On 8 July 2021, the Government of Bahrain notified the Secretary-General of its withdrawal of the following declaration made upon acceptance : “The acceptance by the State of Bahrain of the said Amendments shall in no way constitute recognition of Israel or be a cause for the establishment of any relations of any kind therewith.” (See CN.228.2021.TREATIES-XXVII.2.b of 13 July 2021 for the depositary notification.)