CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
17Minamata Convention on MercuryKumamoto, 10 October 201316 August 2017, in accordance with article 31(1) , the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. For each State or regional economic integration organization that ratifies, accepts or approves this Convention or accedes thereto after the deposit of the fiftieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, the Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or regional economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession. Any instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that organization.16 August 2017, No. 54669Signatories128Parties131C.N.560.2014.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 19 September 2014 (proposal of corrections to the original text of the Convention (Arabic, Chinese and Spanish versions) and to the certified true copies) and C.N.827.2014.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 26 December 2014 (Corrections); C.N.821.2014.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 9 January 2015 (Proposal of correction to the orginal text of the Convention (Spanish version) and to the certified true copies) and C.N.244.2015.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 9 April 2015 (Correction); C.N.959.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 19 January 2017 (Proposal of corrections to the orginal text of the Convention (Chinese version) and to the certified true copies) and C.N.253.2017.TREATIES-XXVII.17 of 27 April 2017 (Corrections).The Convention was adopted on 10 October 2013 at Kumamoto (Japan) on the occasion of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries on the Minamata Convention on Mercury held from 7 to 11 October 2013. The Convention was opened for signature by States and regional economic integration organizations at Kumamoto, Japan, on 10 and 11 October 2013, and, thereafter, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York until 9 October 2014.
ParticipantSignatureApproval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), RatificationAfghanistan 2 May 2017 aAlbania 9 Oct 2014 26 May 2020 Angola11 Oct 2013 Antigua and Barbuda23 Sep 2016 aArgentina10 Oct 2013 25 Sep 2017 Armenia10 Oct 2013 13 Dec 2017 Australia10 Oct 2013 Austria10 Oct 2013 12 Jun 2017 Bahamas12 Feb 2020 aBangladesh10 Oct 2013 Belarus23 Sep 2014 Belgium10 Oct 2013 26 Feb 2018 Benin10 Oct 2013 7 Nov 2016 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)10 Oct 2013 26 Jan 2016 Botswana 3 Jun 2016 aBrazil10 Oct 2013 8 Aug 2017 Bulgaria10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 Burkina Faso10 Oct 2013 10 Apr 2017 Burundi14 Feb 2014 26 Mar 2021 Cambodia10 Oct 2013 8 Apr 2021 Cameroon24 Sep 2014 10 Mar 2021 Canada10 Oct 2013 7 Apr 2017 Central African Republic10 Oct 2013 31 Mar 2021 Chad25 Sep 2014 24 Sep 2015 Chile10 Oct 2013 27 Aug 2018 China10 Oct 2013 31 Aug 2016 Colombia10 Oct 2013 26 Aug 2019 Comoros10 Oct 2013 23 Jul 2019 Congo 8 Oct 2014 6 Aug 2019 Costa Rica10 Oct 2013 19 Jan 2017 Côte d'Ivoire10 Oct 2013 1 Oct 2019 Croatia24 Sep 2014 25 Sep 2017 Cuba30 Jan 2018 aCyprus24 Sep 2014 25 Feb 2020 Czech Republic10 Oct 2013 19 Jun 2017 Denmark<superscript>1</superscript>10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 AADjibouti10 Oct 2013 23 Sep 2014 Dominican Republic10 Oct 2013 20 Mar 2018 Ecuador10 Oct 2013 29 Jul 2016 El Salvador20 Jun 2017 aEquatorial Guinea24 Dec 2019 aEstonia21 Jun 2017 aEswatini21 Sep 2016 aEthiopia10 Oct 2013 European Union10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 AAFinland10 Oct 2013 1 Jun 2017 AFrance10 Oct 2013 15 Jun 2017 Gabon30 Jun 2014 24 Sep 2014 AGambia10 Oct 2013 7 Nov 2016 Georgia10 Oct 2013 Germany10 Oct 2013 15 Sep 2017 Ghana24 Sep 2014 23 Mar 2017 Greece10 Oct 2013 10 Jun 2020 Guatemala10 Oct 2013 Guinea25 Nov 2013 21 Oct 2014 Guinea-Bissau24 Sep 2014 22 Oct 2018 Guyana10 Oct 2013 24 Sep 2014 Honduras24 Sep 2014 22 Mar 2017 Hungary10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 Iceland 3 May 2018 aIndia30 Sep 2014 18 Jun 2018 Indonesia10 Oct 2013 22 Sep 2017 Iran (Islamic Republic of)10 Oct 2013 16 Jun 2017 Iraq10 Oct 2013 Ireland10 Oct 2013 18 Mar 2019 Israel10 Oct 2013 Italy10 Oct 2013 5 Jan 2021 Jamaica10 Oct 2013 19 Jul 2017 Japan10 Oct 2013 2 Feb 2016 AJordan10 Oct 2013 12 Nov 2015 Kenya10 Oct 2013 Kiribati28 Jul 2017 aKuwait10 Oct 2013 3 Dec 2015 Lao People's Democratic Republic21 Sep 2017 aLatvia24 Sep 2014 20 Jun 2017 Lebanon13 Oct 2017 aLesotho12 Nov 2014 aLiberia24 Sep 2014 Libya10 Oct 2013 Liechtenstein 1 Feb 2017 aLithuania10 Oct 2013 15 Jan 2018 Luxembourg10 Oct 2013 21 Sep 2017 Madagascar10 Oct 2013 13 May 2015 Malawi10 Oct 2013 Malaysia24 Sep 2014 Mali10 Oct 2013 27 May 2016 Malta 8 Oct 2014 18 May 2017 Marshall Islands29 Jan 2019 aMauritania11 Oct 2013 18 Aug 2015 Mauritius10 Oct 2013 21 Sep 2017 Mexico10 Oct 2013 29 Sep 2015 Monaco24 Sep 2014 24 Sep 2014 Mongolia10 Oct 2013 28 Sep 2015 Montenegro24 Sep 2014 10 Jun 2019 Morocco 6 Jun 2014 Mozambique10 Oct 2013 Namibia 6 Sep 2017 aNepal10 Oct 2013 Netherlands<superscript>2</superscript>10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 ANew Zealand10 Oct 2013 Nicaragua10 Oct 2013 29 Oct 2014 Niger10 Oct 2013 9 Jun 2017 Nigeria10 Oct 2013 1 Feb 2018 North Macedonia25 Jul 2014 12 Mar 2020 Norway10 Oct 2013 12 May 2017 Oman23 Jun 2020 aPakistan10 Oct 2013 16 Dec 2020 Palau 9 Oct 2014 21 Jun 2017 Panama10 Oct 2013 29 Sep 2015 Paraguay10 Feb 2014 26 Jun 2018 Peru10 Oct 2013 21 Jan 2016 Philippines10 Oct 2013 8 Jul 2020 Poland24 Sep 2014 Portugal28 Aug 2018 aQatar 4 Nov 2020 aRepublic of Korea24 Sep 2014 22 Nov 2019 Republic of Moldova10 Oct 2013 20 Jun 2017 Romania10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 Russian Federation24 Sep 2014 Rwanda29 Jun 2017 aSamoa10 Oct 2013 24 Sep 2015 Sao Tome and Principe30 Aug 2018 aSaudi Arabia27 Feb 2019 aSenegal11 Oct 2013 3 Mar 2016 Serbia 9 Oct 2014 Seychelles27 May 2014 13 Jan 2015 Sierra Leone12 Aug 2014 1 Nov 2016 Singapore10 Oct 2013 22 Sep 2017 Slovakia10 Oct 2013 31 May 2017 Slovenia10 Oct 2013 23 Jun 2017 South Africa10 Oct 2013 29 Apr 2019 Spain10 Oct 2013 Sri Lanka 8 Oct 2014 19 Jun 2017 St. Kitts and Nevis24 May 2017 aSt. Lucia23 Jan 2019 aState of Palestine18 Mar 2019 aSudan24 Sep 2014 Suriname 2 Aug 2018 aSweden10 Oct 2013 18 May 2017 Switzerland10 Oct 2013 25 May 2016 Syrian Arab Republic24 Sep 2014 26 Jul 2017 Thailand22 Jun 2017 aTogo10 Oct 2013 3 Feb 2017 Tonga22 Oct 2018 aTunisia10 Oct 2013 Turkey24 Sep 2014 Tuvalu 7 Jun 2019 aUganda10 Oct 2013 1 Mar 2019 United Arab Emirates10 Oct 2013 27 Apr 2015 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland10 Oct 2013 23 Mar 2018 United Republic of Tanzania10 Oct 2013 5 Oct 2020 United States of America 6 Nov 2013 6 Nov 2013 AUruguay10 Oct 2013 24 Sep 2014 Vanuatu16 Oct 2018 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)10 Oct 2013 Viet Nam11 Oct 2013 23 Jun 2017 AAYemen21 Mar 2014 Zambia10 Oct 2013 11 Mar 2016 Zimbabwe11 Oct 2013
Declarations and Reservations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon acceptance, accession, approval or ratification.) ArgentinaDeclaration under article 30 (5):Pursuant to article 30 (5) of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Argentinian Republic declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force with respect of Argentina only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification or accession with respect thereto.ArmeniaDeclaration:“Any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Armenia only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect thereto.”AustriaDeclaration:“The Republic of Austria declares in accordance with Article 25 paragraph 2 of the Convention that, with regard to any dispute concerning the interpretation or application of this Convention, it recognizes both of means of dispute settlement mentioned in paragraph 2 as compulsory in relation to any party accepting the same obligation.”BelgiumDeclaration made upon signature:This signature also engages the Wallon Region, the Flemish Region, the Brussels-CapitalRegion, the French Community, the Flemish Community and the German-speaking Community.CanadaDeclaration:“Pursuant to Article 30 (5) of the Convention, Canada declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for Canada only upon the deposition of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto.”ChinaDeclaration:In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.CubaDeclaration:In accordance with the principle of the sovereign immunity of States, the Republic of Cuba declares that the recommendations contained in the report of the conciliation commission, established in accordance with Article 25 (6) of the Minamata Convention on Mercury and with the procedure set out in Part II of Annex E to the Convention, will be deemed to be non-binding, but will be considered in good faith for voluntary implementation, as appropriate.Czech RepublicDeclaration:… in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 30 of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Czech Republic declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Czech Republic only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in respect thereto.European UnionDeclaration:“Declaration of Competence by the European Union in accordance with Article 30 (3) of the Minamata Convention on Mercury.The following States are at present Members of the European Union: the Kingdom of Belgium, the Republic of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, the Kingdom of Denmark, the Federal Republic of Germany, the Republic of Estonia, Ireland, the Hellenic Republic, the Kingdom of Spain, the French Republic, the Republic of Croatia, the Italian Republic, the Republic of Cyprus, the Republic of Latvia, the Republic of Lithuania, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, Hungary, the Republic of Malta, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Republic of Austria, the Republic of Poland, the Portuguese Republic, Romania, the Republic of Slovenia, the Slovak Republic, the Republic of Finland, the Kingdom of Sweden, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.Article 30 (3) of the Minamata Convention provides: ‘3. In its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, a regional economic integration organization shall declare the extent of its competence in respect of the matters governed by this Convention. Any such organization shall also inform the Depositary, who shall in turn inform the Parties, of any relevant modification of the extent of its competence.’The European Union declares that, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, and in particular Article 192 (1) thereof, it is competent for entering into international agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:- preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment;- protecting human health;- prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;- promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, including climate change.The following list of legal instruments of the Union illustrates the extent to which the Union has exercised its internal competence, in accordance with the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, regarding matters governed by the Minamata Convention. The Union is competent for the performance of those obligations from the Minamata Convention on Mercury regarding which the provisions of Union legal instruments, in particular those listed below, establish common rules and insofar as these common rules are affected or altered in scope by the provisions of the Minamata Convention or an act adopted in implementation thereof.- Regulation (EU) of the European Parliament and the Council of 17 May 2017 on mercury, and repealing Regulation (EC) No 1102/2008,- Directive 2011/65/EU of the European Parliament and the Council of 8 June 2011 on the restriction of the use of certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment(OJ L 174, 1.7.2011, p. 88),- Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 6 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators and repealing Directive 91/157/EEC(OJ L 266, 26.9.2006, p. 1),- Directive 2000/53/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 18 September 2000 on end-of-life vehicles (OJ L 269, 21.10.2000, p. 34),- Regulation (EC) 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 on cosmetic products (OJ L 342, 22.12.2009, p. 59),- Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 December 2006 concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), establishing a European Chemicals Agency, amending Directive 1999/45/EC and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1488/94 as well as Council Directive 76/769/EEC and Commission Directives 91/155/EEC, 93/67/EEC, 93/105/EC and 2000/21/EC (OJ L 396, 30.12.2006, p. 1),- Regulation (EU) 528/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products (OJ L 167, 27.6.2012, p. 1),- Regulation (EC) 1107/2009 of 21 October 2009 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and repealing Council Directives 79/117/EEC and 91/414/EEC (OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 1),- Council Directive 93/42/EC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices (OJ L 169, 12.7.1993, p. 1),- Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 onindustrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control) (OJ L 334, 17.12.2010, p. 17),- Directive 2012/18/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on the control of major-accident hazards involving dangerous substances, amending and subsequently repealing Council Directive 96/82/EC (OJ L 197, 24.7.2012, p. 1),- Regulation (EC) No 166/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 18 January 2006 concerning the establishment of a European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register and amending Council Directives 91/689/EEC and 96/61/EC (OJ L 33, 4.2.2006, p. 1),- Directive 2004/107/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 December 2004 relating to arsenic, cadmium, mercury, nickel and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air(OJ L 23, 26.1.2005, p. 3),- Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community action in the field of water policy (OJ L 327, 22.12.2000, p. 1),- Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives (OJ L 312, 22.11.2008, p. 3),- Council Directive 1999/31/EC of 26 April1999 on the landfill of waste (OJ L 182, 16.7.1999, p. 1),- Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 June 2006 on shipments of waste (OJ L 190, 12.7.2006, p. 1).The exercise of competences which Member States of the European Union have transferred to the European Union pursuant to the Treaties is, by its nature, subject to continuous development. The Union therefore reserves the right to adjust this Declaration.”GermanyDeclaration under article 25 (2):The Federal Republic of Germany declares, in accordance with article 25, paragraph 2, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.Declaration under article 30 (5):The Federal Republic of Germany declares, in accordance with article 30, paragraph 5, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Federal Republic of Germany only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto.IndiaDeclaration:“The Republic of India, in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 30 of the Minamata Convention on Mercury declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of India only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.”Iran (Islamic Republic of)Declaration:“… pursuant to Article 30, paragraph 5 of the Convention, the Islamic Republic of Iran hereby declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Islamic Republic of Iran only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto…”“Consistent with its principal policy of protecting and promoting the environment and human health, the Islamic Republic of Iran has ratified the Minamata Convention on Mercury.Fulfilling the obligations enshrined in the Convention is a clear duty of all relevant stakeholders including governmental or non-governmental; the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as the National Focal Point and the Organization of Protection of Environment as the National Authority of the Convention are assigned with the task of handling and monitoring the national implementation of the Convention.It is the understanding of the Islamic Republic of Iran that implementation of the Convention is subject to providing the developing countries with sustainable, adequate and accessible financial support, technical assistance, technology transfer as well as capacity building and proper training which are recognized in the Articles 13 and 14 of the Convention as part of responsibilities of all parties, specifically the developed country parties.The Islamic Republic of Iran is of the view that full and accurate implementation of the said articles is as necessary as other articles of the Convention and non-implementation of the said Articles may raise the issue of compliance.Should the above assistance and support fail to be adequate, timely and sustainable; the extension of the exemptions will be a necessity.The Islamic Republic of Iran would like toencourage all countries that have not yet done so, in particular developed countries to join the Convention and emphasizes that the whole international community should work together to realize the accepted principle of ‘Common But Differentiated Responsibilities’.”JamaicaDeclaration:“… any amendment to an Annex to the Convention shall enter into force for Jamaica only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.”MauritiusDeclaration under article 30 (5):“… Pursuant to article 30, paragraph 5, of the Convention, the Republic of Mauritius declares that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Mauritius only upon the [deposit] of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto…”NamibiaDeclaration under article 30 (5):“… as per article 30 (5) […] with regard to the Republic of Namibia, any amendment to an annex shall enter into force only upon the deposit of Namibia’s instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto…”NetherlandsDeclaration:“The Kingdom of the Netherlands declares, in accordance with Article 25, paragraph 2, of the Minamata Convention on Mercury, that it accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in that paragraph as compulsory in relation to any Party accepting one or both means of dispute settlement.”Norway“In accordance with Article 25, paragraph 2 of the Convention, Norway hereby declares (b) Submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice.”PeruDeclaration under article 25 (2)In exercise of the right to make the declarations or communications permitted under the Convention and in relation to article 25, paragraph 2, the Republic of Peru wishes to bring to the attention of the parties the declaration that it made on 7 July 2003 […] which was made under Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Statute of the International Court of Justice, pursuant to which the Republic of Peru recognizes as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, in relation to any other party accepting the same obligation, subject to the condition of reciprocity, the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice in all legal disputes.Such declaration does not preclude the possibility of recourse to the arbitration and conciliation procedures established in the Convention (annex E) for the matter disputed if the other party or parties to the dispute agree to such in writing.The present declaration does not prevent the parties from settling the dispute through direct negotiation or any other means of settlement recognized by the Convention.Declaration under article 30 (5)In exercise of the right to make the declarations or communications permitted under the Convention and in relation to article 30, paragraph 5, the Republic of Peru declares that, with regard to it, any amendment to an annex shall enter into force only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.Republic of MoldovaDeclaration under article 25 (2):In accordance with Article 25, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Republic of Moldova accepts both means of dispute settlement referred to in this paragraph as compulsory in relation to any party accepting the same obligation.Declaration under article 30 (5):In accordance with Article 30, paragraph 5 of the Convention, any amendment of an annex shall enter into force for the Republic of Moldova only after the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.SeychellesDeclaration under article 30 (5)“… in accordance with Article 30 (5) of the Convention, […] any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Seychelles only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratifications, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto.”SurinameDeclaration under article 30 (5):“… in accordance with Article 30 paragraph 5 of the Minamata Convention, […] any amendment to an Annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the Republic of Suriname only upon its deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with respect thereto.”ThailandDeclaration:“… any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force only upon the deposit of [the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand’s] instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession in accordance with Article 30 paragraph 5.”United States of AmericaDeclaration:“The United States hereby declares, pursuant to Article 30, paragraph 5, that any amendment to an annex to the Convention shall enter into force for the United States only upon the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, or accession with respect thereto.”1By a communication received on 10 February 2021, the Government of Denmark notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration, made upon approval, regarding the territorial exclusion in respect of Greenland. (See C.N.61.2021.TREATIES-XXVII-17 of 11 February 2021.) Upon approval on 18 May 2017, Denmark had notified the Secretary-General of the following: With territorial exclusion in respect of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. (See C.N.273.2017.TREATIES-XXVII-17 of 18 May 2017.)2For the European Part of the Netherlands.