CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
1Convention on long-range transboundary air pollutionGeneva, 13 November 197916 March 1983, in accordance with article 16(1).116 March 1983, No. 21623Signatories32Parties51United Nations, <i> Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1302, p. 217.The Convention was adopted on 13 November 1979 by a high-level meeting within the framework of the Economic Commission for Europe on the Protection of the Environment. It was open for signature until 16 November 1979 at the United Nations Office in Geneva.
ParticipantSignatureRatification, Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Accession(a), Succession(d)Albania 2 Dec 2005 aArmenia21 Feb 1997 aAustria13 Nov 1979 16 Dec 1982 Azerbaijan 3 Jul 2002 aBelarus14 Nov 1979 13 Jun 1980 Belgium13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>2</superscript> 1 Sep 1993 dBulgaria14 Nov 1979 9 Jun 1981 Canada13 Nov 1979 15 Dec 1981 Croatia<superscript>2</superscript>21 Sep 1992 dCyprus20 Nov 1991 aCzech Republic<superscript>3</superscript>30 Sep 1993 dDenmark14 Nov 1979 18 Jun 1982 Estonia 7 Mar 2000 aEuropean Union14 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 AAFinland13 Nov 1979 15 Apr 1981 France13 Nov 1979 3 Nov 1981 AAGeorgia11 Feb 1999 aGermany<superscript>4,5</superscript>13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 Greece14 Nov 1979 30 Aug 1983 Holy See14 Nov 1979 Hungary13 Nov 1979 22 Sep 1980 Iceland13 Nov 1979 5 May 1983 Ireland13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 Italy14 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 Kazakhstan11 Jan 2001 aKyrgyzstan25 May 2000 aLatvia15 Jul 1994 aLiechtenstein14 Nov 1979 22 Nov 1983 Lithuania25 Jan 1994 aLuxembourg13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 Malta14 Mar 1997 aMonaco27 Aug 1999 aMontenegro<superscript>6</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands<superscript>7</superscript>13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 ANorth Macedonia<superscript>2</superscript>30 Dec 1997 dNorway13 Nov 1979 13 Feb 1981 Poland13 Nov 1979 19 Jul 1985 Portugal14 Nov 1979 29 Sep 1980 Republic of Moldova 9 Jun 1995 aRomania14 Nov 1979 27 Feb 1991 Russian Federation13 Nov 1979 22 May 1980 San Marino14 Nov 1979 Serbia<superscript>2</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>3</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia<superscript>2</superscript> 6 Jul 1992 dSpain14 Nov 1979 15 Jun 1982 Sweden13 Nov 1979 12 Feb 1981 Switzerland13 Nov 1979 6 May 1983 Turkey13 Nov 1979 18 Apr 1983 Ukraine14 Nov 1979 5 Jun 1980 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>8</superscript>13 Nov 1979 15 Jul 1982 United States of America13 Nov 1979 30 Nov 1981 A
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made uponratification, acceptance, approval, accession or succession.)RomaniaUpon signature:Romania interprets article 14 of this Convention, concerning the participation of regional economic integration organizations constituted by States members of the Economic Commission for Europe, to mean that it refers exclusively to international organizations to which States members have transferred their competence in respect of the signature, conclusion and application on their behalf of international agreements and in respect of the exercise of their rights and responsibilities in the field of transboundary pollution.1The date of 16 March 1983 has been retained on the basis of the English and Russian authentic texts of article 16 (1) (". . . on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the twenty-fourth instrument."), which differ in that respect from the French text (". . . le quatre-vingt-dixième jour <i> à compter de la date de dépôt </i> . . .") but are more in accordance with the computation method generally used for multilateral treaties deposited with the Secretary-General.2The former Yugoslavia had signed and ratified the Convention on 13 November 1979 and 18 March 1987 respectively. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.3Czechoslovakia had signed and ratified the Convention on 13 November 1979 and 23 December 1983, respectively. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5The German Democratic Republic had signed and ratified the Convention on 13 November 1979 and 7 June 1982, respectively. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.6See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.7For the Kingdom in Europe.8Including the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Bailiwick of Guernsey, the Isle of Man, Gibraltar, the United Kingdom Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekhelia in the island of Cyprus.