CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
1aProtocol to the 1979 Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Long-term Financing of the Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP)Geneva, 28 September 198428 January 1988 in accordance with article 10 (a) and (b).28 January 1988, No. 25638Signatories22Parties47United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1491, p. 167 and doc. EB.AIR/AC.1/4, Annex, and EB.AIR/ CRP.1/Add.4.The Protocol was drawn up within the framework of the Economic Commission for Europe and adopted by the Executive Body for the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution on 27 September 1984. It was opened for signature at Geneva from 28 September to 5 October 1984, and it remained open for signature at the Headquarters of the United Nations in New York until 4 April 1985.
ParticipantSignatureRatification, Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Accession(a), Succession(d)Albania 6 Sep 2011 aArmenia21 Jan 2014 aAustria 4 Jun 1987 aBelarus28 Sep 1984 4 Oct 1985 ABelgium25 Feb 1985 5 Aug 1987 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>1</superscript> 1 Sep 1993 dBulgaria 4 Apr 1985 26 Sep 1986 AACanada 3 Oct 1984 4 Dec 1985 Croatia<superscript>1</superscript>21 Sep 1992 dCyprus20 Nov 1991 aCzech Republic<superscript>2</superscript>30 Sep 1993 dDenmark28 Sep 1984 29 Apr 1986 Estonia 7 Dec 2001 aEuropean Union28 Sep 1984 17 Jul 1986 AAFinland 7 Dec 1984 24 Jun 1986 France22 Feb 1985 30 Oct 1987 AAGeorgia 7 Feb 2013 aGermany<superscript>3,4</superscript>26 Feb 1985 7 Oct 1986 Greece24 Jun 1988 aHungary27 Mar 1985 8 May 1985 AAIreland 4 Apr 1985 26 Jun 1987 Italy28 Sep 1984 12 Jan 1989 Latvia18 Feb 1997 aLiechtenstein 1 May 1985 aLithuania 7 Nov 2003 aLuxembourg21 Nov 1984 24 Aug 1987 Malta14 Mar 1997 aMonaco27 Aug 1999 aMontenegro<superscript>5</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands<superscript>6</superscript>28 Sep 1984 22 Oct 1985 ANorth Macedonia10 Mar 2010 aNorway28 Sep 1984 12 Mar 1985 APoland14 Sep 1988 aPortugal19 Jan 1989 aRepublic of Moldova26 Jul 2016 aRomania28 Apr 2003 aRussian Federation28 Sep 1984 21 Aug 1985 ASerbia<superscript>1</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>2</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia<superscript>1</superscript> 6 Jul 1992 dSpain11 Aug 1987 aSweden28 Sep 1984 12 Aug 1985 Switzerland 3 Oct 1984 26 Jul 1985 Turkey 3 Oct 1984 20 Dec 1985 Ukraine28 Sep 1984 30 Aug 1985 AUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland20 Nov 1984 12 Aug 1985 United States of America28 Sep 1984 29 Oct 1984 A
1The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 28 October 1987. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.2Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 26 November 1986. See note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.3The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Protocol on 17 December 1986 with the following declaration:. . . In accordance with article 3, paragraph 1 of the Protocol, the German Democratic Republic declares that the contributions of the German Democratic Republic will be made in national currency which can exclusively be used for deliveries and services by the German Democratic Republic.See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.6For the Kingdom in Europe.