CHAPTER XXIV
OUTER SPACE
1Convention on registration of objects launched into outer spaceNew York, 12 November 197415 September 1976, in accordance with article VIII(3).15 September 1976, No. 15020Signatories25Parties72United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1023, p. 15.The Convention was adopted by resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_29_3235-E.pdf" target="_blank">3235 (XXIX)</a><superscript>1</superscript> of the General Assembly dated 12 November 1974, pursuant to resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_28_3182-E.pdf" target="_blank">3182 (XXVIII)</a><superscript>2</superscript> dated 18 December 1973 and taking into account the report of the Committee on the Pacific Uses of Outer Space. The Convention was opened for signature on 14 January 1975.
ParticipantSignatureAccession(a), Succession(d), RatificationAlgeria 9 Mar 2007 aAntigua and Barbuda13 Dec 1988 dArgentina26 Mar 1975 5 May 1993 Armenia19 Jan 2018 aAustralia11 Mar 1986 aAustria14 Oct 1975 6 Mar 1980 Bahrain 6 Jul 2021 aBelarus30 Jun 1975 26 Jan 1978 Belgium19 Mar 1975 24 Feb 1977 Brazil17 Mar 2006 aBulgaria 4 Feb 1976 11 May 1976 Burundi13 Nov 1975 Canada14 Feb 1975 4 Aug 1976 Chile17 Sep 1981 aChina<superscript>3</superscript>12 Dec 1988 aColombia10 Jan 2014 aCosta Rica14 Oct 2010 aCuba10 Apr 1978 aCyprus 6 Jul 1978 aCzech Republic<superscript>4</superscript>22 Feb 1993 dDemocratic People's Republic of Korea10 Mar 2009 aDenmark12 Dec 1975 1 Apr 1977 Finland15 Jan 2018 aFrance14 Jan 1975 17 Dec 1975 Germany<superscript>5,6</superscript> 2 Mar 1976 16 Oct 1979 Greece27 May 2003 aHungary13 Oct 1975 26 Oct 1977 India18 Jan 1982 aIndonesia16 Jul 1997 aIran (Islamic Republic of)27 May 1975 Italy 8 Dec 2005 aJapan20 Jun 1983 aKazakhstan11 Jan 2001 aKuwait28 Apr 2014 aLebanon12 Apr 2006 aLibya 8 Jan 2010 aLiechtenstein26 Feb 1999 aLithuania 8 Mar 2013 aLuxembourg27 Jan 2021 aMexico19 Dec 1975 1 Mar 1977 Mongolia30 Oct 1975 10 Apr 1985 Montenegro<superscript>7</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dMorocco19 Sep 2012 aNetherlands<superscript>8</superscript>26 Jan 1981 aNew Zealand<superscript>9</superscript>23 Jan 2018 aNicaragua13 May 1975 11 Jul 2017 Niger 5 Aug 1976 22 Dec 1976 Nigeria 6 Jul 2009 aNorway28 Jun 1995 aOman10 Feb 2022 aPakistan 1 Dec 1975 27 Feb 1986 Peru21 Mar 1979 aPoland 4 Dec 1975 22 Nov 1978 Portugal 2 Nov 2018 aQatar14 Mar 2012 aRepublic of Korea14 Oct 1981 aRussian Federation17 Jun 1975 13 Jan 1978 Saudi Arabia18 Jul 2012 aSerbia<superscript>10</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSeychelles28 Dec 1977 aSingapore31 Aug 1976 Slovakia<superscript>4</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia20 Feb 2019 dSouth Africa27 Jan 2012 aSpain20 Dec 1978 aSt. Vincent and the Grenadines27 Apr 1999 dSweden 9 Jun 1976 9 Jun 1976 Switzerland14 Apr 1975 15 Feb 1978 Turkey21 Jun 2006 aUkraine11 Jul 1975 14 Sep 1977 United Arab Emirates 7 Nov 2000 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 6 May 1975 30 Mar 1978 United States of America24 Jan 1975 15 Sep 1976 Uruguay18 Aug 1977 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 3 Nov 2016 a
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession or succession.)Turkey<i>Statement:</i> "The Republic of Turkey declares that it will implement the provisions of this Convention only to the State Parties with which it has diplomatic relations."Objections(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession or succession.)Cyprus<right>21 June 2007</right>With regard to the declaration made by Turkey upon accession:"The Government of the Republic of Cyprus has examined the declaration made by the Government of the Republic of Turkey to the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space (New York, 12 November 1974) on 21 June 2006 that ‘it will implement the provisions of the Convention only to the States Parties with which it has diplomatic relations.'In the view of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, this declaration amounts to a reservation. This reservation creates uncertainty as to the States Parties in respect of which Turkey is undertaking the obligations in the Convention, raises doubt as to the commitment of Turkey to the object and purpose of the Convention and is contrary to its multilateral character. It also raises serious questions concerning the will of the Republic of Turkey to assume its obligation under international law to bona fide implement the provisions of the said Convention. The Government of the Republic of Cyprus therefore objects to the reservation made by the Government of the Republic of Turkey to the Convention on Registration of Objects Launched into Outer Space.This reservation or the objection to it shall not preclude the entry into force of the Convention of Objects Launched into Outer Space between the Republic of Cyprus and the Republic of Turkey."Territorial Application
ParticipantDate of receipt of the notificationTerritories
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>3</superscript>30 Mar 1978Antigua, Brunei, Dominica, Solomon Islands, St. Kitts-Nevis-Anguilla, St. Vincent and United Kingdom Territories
12Notifications made under article VII (Organizations having made declarations accepting the rights and obligations of the Convention)ParticipantDate of receipt of the notification:European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites10 Jul 1997European Space Agency2 Jan 1979European Telecommunications Satellite Organization10 June 2014Intersputnik International Organization of Space Communications10 July 2018
1<i> Official Records of the General Assembly, Twenty-ninth Session, Supplement No. 31 </i> (A/9631), p. 16.2<i> Ibid., Supplement No. 30 </i> (A/9030), p. 19.3On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under "China" and note 2 under "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland" regarding Hong Kong in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.4Czechoslovakia had signed and ratified the Convention on 5 April 1976 and 26 July 1977, respectively. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5The German Democratic Republic had signed and ratified the Convention on 27 August 1975 and 12 May 1977, respectively. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.6See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.7See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.8For the Kingdom in Europe and the Netherlands Antilles. See also note 1 under “Netherlands” regarding Ariba/Netherlands Antilles in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.9With a territorial exclusion in respect of Tokelau. See C.N.48.2018.TREATIES-XXIV.1 of 23 January 2018.10The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Convention on 24 February 1978. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.