CHAPTER XXI
LAW OF THE SEA
3Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High SeasGeneva, 29 April 195820 March 1966, in accordance with article 18.20 March 1966, No. 8164Signatories35Parties39United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 559, p. 285.See "Note:" in the same place in chapter XXI.1.
Participant<superscript>1</superscript>SignatureAccession(a), Succession(d), RatificationAfghanistan30 Oct 1958 Argentina29 Apr 1958 Australia30 Oct 1958 14 May 1963 Belgium 6 Jan 1972 aBolivia (Plurinational State of)17 Oct 1958 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>2</superscript>12 Jan 1994 dBurkina Faso 4 Oct 1965 aCambodia18 Mar 1960 aCanada29 Apr 1958 Colombia29 Apr 1958 3 Jan 1963 Congo 5 Dec 2012 aCosta Rica29 Apr 1958 Cuba29 Apr 1958 Denmark29 Apr 1958 26 Sep 1968 Dominican Republic29 Apr 1958 11 Aug 1964 Fiji25 Mar 1971 dFinland27 Oct 1958 16 Feb 1965 France30 Oct 1958 18 Sep 1970 Ghana29 Apr 1958 Haiti29 Apr 1958 29 Mar 1960 Iceland29 Apr 1958 Indonesia 8 May 1958 Iran (Islamic Republic of)28 May 1958 Ireland 2 Oct 1958 Israel29 Apr 1958 Jamaica16 Apr 1964 dKenya20 Jun 1969 aLebanon29 May 1958 Lesotho23 Oct 1973 dLiberia27 May 1958 Madagascar31 Jul 1962 aMalawi 3 Nov 1965 aMalaysia21 Dec 1960 aMauritius 5 Oct 1970 dMexico 2 Aug 1966 aMontenegro<superscript>3</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNepal29 Apr 1958 Netherlands<superscript>4</superscript>31 Oct 1958 18 Feb 1966 New Zealand29 Oct 1958 Nigeria26 Jun 1961 dPakistan31 Oct 1958 Panama 2 May 1958 Portugal28 Oct 1958 8 Jan 1963 Senegal<superscript>5</superscript>25 Apr 1961 aSerbia<superscript>2</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSierra Leone13 Mar 1962 dSolomon Islands 3 Sep 1981 dSouth Africa 9 Apr 1963 aSpain25 Feb 1971 aSri Lanka30 Oct 1958 Switzerland22 Oct 1958 18 May 1966 Thailand29 Apr 1958 2 Jul 1968 Tonga29 Jun 1971 dTrinidad and Tobago11 Apr 1966 dTunisia30 Oct 1958 Uganda14 Sep 1964 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 9 Sep 1958 14 Mar 1960 United States of America15 Sep 1958 12 Apr 1961 Uruguay29 Apr 1958 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)30 Oct 1958 10 Jul 1963
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession or succession.)DenmarkDenmark does not consider itself bound by the last sentence of article 2 of the Convention.SpainSpain's accession is not to be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations in connexion with the waters of Gibraltar other than those referred to in article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht, of 13 July 1713, between the Crowns of Spain and Great Britain.United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland"In depositing their instrument of ratification . . . Her Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland declare that, save as may be stated in any further and separate notices that may hereafter be given, ratifica- tion of this Convention on behalf of the United Kingdom does not extend to the States in the Persian Gulf enjoying British protection. Multilateral conventions to which the United Kingdom becomes a party are not extended to these States until such time as an extension is requested by the Ruler of the State concerned."United States of America"Subject to the understanding that such ratification shall not be construed to impair the applicability of the principle of `abstention', as defined in paragraph A.1 of the documents of record in the proceedings of the Conference [on the Law of the Sea, held at Geneva from 24 February to 27 April 1958], identified as A/CONF.13/ C.3/L.69, 8 April 1958."1Signed on behalf of the Republic of China on 29 April 1958. See note concerning signatures, ratifications, accessions, etc., on behalf of China (note 1 under “China” in the “Historical Information” secton in the front matter of this volume).2The former Yugoslavia had signed and ratified the Convention on 29 April 1958 and 28 January 1966, respectively. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.3See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.4In respect of the Kingdom in Europe, Surinam and the Netherland Antilles. See also note 1 under “Netherlands Antilles” and “Suriname” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5The Secretary-General received, on 9 June 1971, a communication from the Government of Senegal denouncing this Convention on the High Sees as well as the Convention on the Living Resources of the High Seas, and specifying that the denunciation would take effect on the thirtieth day from its receipt. The said communication, as well as the related exchange of correspondence between the Secretariat and the Govern- ment of Senegal, was circulated by the Secretary-General to all States entitled to become parties to the Conventions concerned under their respective clauses. The notification of denunciation was registered by the Government of Senegal as at 9 June 1971, under Nos. 7477 and 8164. See United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 781, p. 332. In this connection, a communication from the Government of the United Kingdom was received by the Secretary-General on 2 January 1973, stating <i>inter alia </i>: ". . . As regards the notification by the Government of Senegal purporting to denounce the two Conventions of 1958, the Government of the United Kingdom wish to place on record that in their view those Conventions are not susceptible to unilateral denunciation by a State which is a party to them and they therefore cannot accept the validity or effectiveness of the purported denunciation by the Government of Senegal. Accordingly, the Government of the United Kingdom regard the Government of Senegal as still bound by the obligations which they assumed when they became a party to those Conventions and the Government of the United Kingdom fully reserve all their rights under them as well as their rights and the rights of their nationals in respect of any action which the Government of Senegal have taken or may take as a consequence of the said purported denunciation. "As regards the various arguments that are set out in the correspondence referred to above with reference to certain other questions relating to the law of treaties, including in particularhe question of the functions of the Secretary-General as a depositary of the Conventions of 1958 and the question of the duties of the Secretariat in relation to the registration of treaties and in relation to acts, notifications and communications, relating to treaties, the Government of the United Kingdom do not consider it necessary at this stage to express any view on those matters but they fully reserve their position in relation thereto and expressly reserve their right formally to make their views known at a later date. "The Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the United Nations requests that copies of this Note should be transmitted by the Secretariat to all States concerned, that is to say, all States Members of the United Nations or Members of any of the Specialised Agencies, and, since the notification by the Government of Senegal was registered by Senegal, further requests that the statement of the position of the Government of the United Kingdom in relation to that notification, as set out in the second paragraph of the present Note, should similarly be registered." The said communication was registered in the name of the Government of the United Kingdom on 2 January 1973 under Nos. 7477 and 8164. See United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 854, pp. 214 and 220.