10Agreement under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Marine Biological Diversity of Areas beyond National JurisdictionNew York, 19 June 2023in accordance with article 68(1) which reads as follows: "This Agreement shall enter into force 120 days after the date of deposit of the sixtieth instrument of ratification, approval, acceptance or accession".Signatories83-The Agreement was adopted in New York on 19 June 2023 during the further resumed fifth session of the Intergovernmental conference on an international legally binding instrument under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction. The Agreement shall be open for signature in New York on 20 September 2023 and shall remain open for signature until 20 September 2025. C.N.203.2023.TREATIES-XXI.10 of 20 July 2023 (Opening for Signature).
ParticipantSignatureRatification, Accession(a), Acceptance(A), Approval(AA)Antigua and Barbuda20 Sep 2023 Australia20 Sep 2023 Austria20 Sep 2023 Bangladesh20 Sep 2023 Belgium20 Sep 2023 Belize22 Sep 2023 Bolivia (Plurinational State of)20 Sep 2023 Brazil21 Sep 2023 Bulgaria20 Sep 2023 Cabo Verde20 Sep 2023 Chile20 Sep 2023 China20 Sep 2023 Colombia20 Sep 2023 Congo20 Sep 2023 Cook Islands22 Sep 2023 Costa Rica20 Sep 2023 Croatia20 Sep 2023 Cuba20 Sep 2023 Cyprus20 Sep 2023 Czech Republic29 Sep 2023 Denmark20 Sep 2023 Dominica21 Sep 2023 Dominican Republic20 Sep 2023 Ecuador21 Sep 2023 Estonia20 Sep 2023 European Union20 Sep 2023 Fiji20 Sep 2023 Finland20 Sep 2023 France20 Sep 2023 Gabon20 Sep 2023 Germany20 Sep 2023 Ghana20 Sep 2023 Greece21 Sep 2023 Honduras20 Sep 2023 Hungary21 Sep 2023 Iceland20 Sep 2023 Indonesia20 Sep 2023 Ireland20 Sep 2023 Italy22 Sep 2023 Lao People's Democratic Republic20 Sep 2023 Latvia20 Sep 2023 Lithuania20 Sep 2023 Luxembourg20 Sep 2023 Malawi20 Sep 2023 Malta20 Sep 2023 Marshall Islands20 Sep 2023 Mauritania22 Sep 2023 Mauritius20 Sep 2023 Mexico20 Sep 2023 Micronesia (Federated States of)20 Sep 2023 Monaco20 Sep 2023 Morocco21 Sep 2023 Nauru22 Sep 2023 Nepal20 Sep 2023 Netherlands (Kingdom of the)20 Sep 2023 New Zealand20 Sep 2023 Norway20 Sep 2023 Palau20 Sep 2023 Panama20 Sep 2023 Philippines20 Sep 2023 Poland21 Sep 2023 Portugal20 Sep 2023 Republic of Korea31 Oct 2023 Romania20 Sep 2023 Samoa20 Sep 2023 Seychelles20 Sep 2023 Sierra Leone20 Sep 2023 Singapore20 Sep 2023 Slovakia20 Sep 2023 Slovenia20 Sep 2023 Solomon Islands20 Sep 2023 Spain20 Sep 2023 St. Lucia20 Sep 2023 St. Vincent and the Grenadines20 Sep 2023 State of Palestine20 Sep 2023 Sweden20 Sep 2023 Timor-Leste20 Sep 2023 Togo22 Sep 2023 Tuvalu20 Sep 2023 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland20 Sep 2023 United Republic of Tanzania20 Sep 2023 United States of America20 Sep 2023 Viet Nam20 Sep 2023
Declarations (Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification, accession or succession.)United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandDeclaration made upon signature:“In signing the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the “United Kingdom”) recalls Article 71 of the Agreement and has the honour to convey the following declarations:1. The United Kingdom welcomes the general obligation to interpret and apply the BBNJ Agreement in a manner that promotes coherence and coordination with and that does not undermine other relevant instruments, frameworks and global, regional, subregional and sectoral bodies. In this context, the United Kingdom notes that the Antarctic Treaty system comprehensively addresses the legal, political and environmental considerations unique to that region and provides a comprehensive framework for the international management of the Antarctic.2. The United Kingdom notes references in paragraph 8 of the Preamble to “the existing rights of Indigenous Peoples, including as set out in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, or of, as appropriate, local communities,” and in Article 7(k) to “the rights of Indigenous Peoples or of, as appropriate, local communities”. The United Kingdom’s long-standing and well-established position, set out in its annual explanation of position at the UN General Assembly on the rights of indigenous people, is that human rights are held exclusively by individuals. With the exception of the right of self-determination (Common Article 1 of the two International Human Rights Covenants), the United Kingdom does not recognise collective human rights in international law. The United Kingdom consider this important in ensuring that individuals within groups are not left vulnerable or unprotected by allowing the rights of the groups to supersede the human rights of the individual. The United Kingdom therefore understands any internationally-agreed reference to the rights of indigenous peoples or local communities, including those in the UNDeclaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and, in the Agreement signed today, to refer to those rights bestowed by governments at the national level. The United Kingdom further understands the term “local communities” to be used consistently with the way it is used in the Convention on Biological Diversity.”