CHAPTER XIV
EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL MATTERS
4Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their PhonogramsGeneva, 29 October 197118 April 1973, in accordance with article 11.18 April 1973, No. 12430Signatories32Parties80United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 866, p. 67.The Convention was adopted by the International Conference of States on the Protection of Phonograms convened jointly by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization and the World Intellectual Property Organization. The Conference was held at the Palais des Nations, in Geneva, from 18 to 29 October 1971.
ParticipantSignature, Succession to signature(d)Ratification, Accession(a), Acceptance(A), Succession(d)Albania26 Mar 2001 aArgentina19 Mar 1973 aArmenia31 Oct 2002 aAustralia12 Mar 1974 aAustria28 Apr 1972 6 May 1982 Azerbaijan 1 Jun 2001 aBarbados23 Mar 1983 aBelarus17 Jan 2003 aBosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>1</superscript>12 Jan 1994 d19 Feb 2009 Brazil29 Oct 1971 6 Aug 1975 Bulgaria31 May 1995 aBurkina Faso14 Oct 1987 aCanada29 Oct 1971 Chile15 Dec 1976 aChina<superscript>2</superscript> 5 Jan 1993 aColombia29 Oct 1971 14 Feb 1994 Costa Rica 1 Mar 1982 aCroatia20 Jan 2000 aCyprus25 Jun 1993 aCzech Republic<superscript>3</superscript>30 Sep 1993 dDemocratic Republic of the Congo25 Jul 1977 aDenmark29 Oct 1971 7 Dec 1976 Ecuador29 Oct 1971 4 Jun 1974 Egypt15 Dec 1977 aEl Salvador25 Oct 1978 aEstonia28 Feb 2000 aFiji15 Jun 1972 aFinland21 Apr 1971 18 Dec 1972 France29 Oct 1971 12 Sep 1972 Germany<superscript>4,5</superscript>29 Oct 1971 7 Feb 1974 Ghana 4 Nov 2016 aGreece 2 Nov 1993 aGuatemala14 Oct 1976 aHoly See29 Oct 1971 4 Apr 1977 Honduras16 Nov 1989 aHungary24 Feb 1975 aIndia29 Oct 1971 1 Nov 1974 Iran (Islamic Republic of)29 Oct 1971 Israel29 Oct 1971 10 Jan 1978 Italy29 Oct 1971 20 Dec 1976 Jamaica 7 Oct 1993 aJapan21 Apr 1972 19 Jun 1978 AKazakhstan 3 May 2001 aKenya 4 Apr 1972 6 Jan 1976 Kyrgyzstan12 Jul 2002 aLatvia29 Apr 1997 aLiberia16 Sep 2005 aLiechtenstein28 Apr 1972 12 Jul 1999 Lithuania27 Oct 1999 aLuxembourg29 Oct 1971 25 Nov 1975 Mexico29 Oct 1971 11 Sep 1973 Monaco29 Oct 1971 21 Aug 1974 Montenegro<superscript>6</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands<superscript>7</superscript> 7 Jul 1993 aNew Zealand 3 May 1976 aNicaragua29 Oct 1971 10 May 2000 North Macedonia 2 Dec 1997 aNorway28 Apr 1972 10 Apr 1978 Panama28 Apr 1972 20 Mar 1974 Paraguay30 Oct 1978 aPeru 7 May 1985 aPhilippines29 Apr 1972 Republic of Korea 1 Jul 1987 aRepublic of Moldova17 Apr 2000 aRomania 1 Jul 1998 aRussian Federation 9 Dec 1994 aSerbia<superscript>1</superscript>12 Mar 2001 d10 Mar 2003 Slovakia<superscript>3</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia 9 Jul 1996 aSpain29 Oct 1971 16 May 1974 St. Lucia 2 Jan 2001 aSweden29 Oct 1971 18 Jan 1973 Switzerland29 Oct 1971 24 Jun 1993 Tajikistan16 Nov 2012 aTogo10 Mar 2003 aTrinidad and Tobago27 Jun 1988 aUkraine18 Nov 1999 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland29 Oct 1971 5 Dec 1972 United States of America29 Oct 1971 26 Nov 1973 Uruguay29 Oct 1971 6 Oct 1982 Uzbekistan25 Jan 2019 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)30 Jul 1982 aViet Nam 6 Apr 2005 a
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession, acceptance or succession.)Czech Republic<superscript>3</superscript>Egypt<superscript>8</superscript>Hungary"A. <i>Ad </i>article 9, paragraphs 1 and 2:In the opinion of the Hungarian People's Republic, article 9, paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Convention have a discriminatory character. The Convention is a general, multilateral one and therefore every State has the right to be a party to it, in accordance with the basic principles of international law."B. <i> Ad </i> article 11, paragraph 3:The Hungarian People's Republic declares that the provisions of article 11, paragraph 3 of the Convention are inconsistent with the principles of the independence of colonial countries and peoples, formulated, <i>inter alia </i>, also in resolution No. 1514 (XV) of the United Nations General Assembly."Slovakia<superscript>3</superscript>Territorial Application
ParticipantDate of receipt of the notificationTerritories
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 4 Dec 1974Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Montserrat, Seychelles and St. Lucia
1The former Yugoslavia had signed the Convention on 29 October 1971. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.2On 17 June 1997, the Secretary-General received from the Government of China, the following communication:“In accordance with the Declaration of the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on the Question of Hong Kong signed on 19 December 1984, the People’s Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong with effect from 1 July 1997. Hong Kong will, with effect from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibility of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China.The [said Convention], which the Government of the People’s Republic of China acceded on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Hong Kong Sspecial Administrative Region with effect from 1 July 1997.The Government of the Preople’s Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.3Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Convention on 5 October 1984. Subsequently, on 1 February 1985, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Czechoslovakia, the following reservation:"The provision of article 11, paragraph 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms is in contradiction to the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples which was adopted at the XVth session of the United Nations General Assembly (resolution C 1514/XV of 14 December 1960)."See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4See note 2 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5See note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.6See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.7For the Kingdom in Europe.8In a notification received on 18 January 1980, the Government of Egypt informed the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration relating to Israel. The notification indicates 25 January 1980 as the effective date of the withdrawal. For the text of said declar- ation, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1067, p. 327.