Water Transport
3United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, 1978Hamburg, 31 March 19781 November 1992, in accordance with article 30(1).1 November 1992, No. 29215Signatories28Parties35United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1695, p.3.The Convention was adopted on 30 March 1978 by the United Nations Conference on the Carriage of Goods by Sea, held in Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany, from 6 to 31 March 1978. The Conference had been convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in accordance with resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_31_100-E.pdf" target="_blank">31/100</a><superscript>1</superscript> adopted by the General Assembly on 15 December 1976. The Convention was opened for signature at Hamburg on 31 March 1978 and remained open for signature by all States at the Headquarters of the United Nations, New York, until 30 April 1979.
ParticipantSignature, Succession to signature(d)Approval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), RatificationAlbania20 Jul 2006 aAustria30 Apr 1979 29 Jul 1993 Barbados 2 Feb 1981 aBotswana16 Feb 1988 aBrazil31 Mar 1978 Burkina Faso14 Aug 1989 aBurundi 4 Sep 1998 aCameroon21 Oct 1993 aChile31 Mar 1978 9 Jul 1982 Czech Republic<superscript>2</superscript> 2 Jun 1993 d23 Jun 1995 Democratic Republic of the Congo19 Apr 1979 Denmark18 Apr 1979 Dominican Republic28 Sep 2007 aEcuador31 Mar 1978 Egypt31 Mar 1978 23 Apr 1979 Finland18 Apr 1979 France18 Apr 1979 Gambia 7 Feb 1996 aGeorgia21 Mar 1996 aGermany<superscript>3</superscript>31 Mar 1978 Ghana31 Mar 1978 Guinea23 Jan 1991 aHoly See31 Mar 1978 Hungary23 Apr 1979 5 Jul 1984 Jordan10 May 2001 aKazakhstan18 Jun 2008 aKenya31 Jul 1989 aLebanon 4 Apr 1983 aLesotho26 Oct 1989 aLiberia16 Sep 2005 aMadagascar31 Mar 1978 Malawi18 Mar 1991 aMexico31 Mar 1978 Morocco12 Jun 1981 aNigeria 7 Nov 1988 aNorway18 Apr 1979 Pakistan 8 Mar 1979 Panama31 Mar 1978 Paraguay19 Jul 2005 aPeru25 Mar 2021 aPhilippines14 Jun 1978 Portugal31 Mar 1978 Romania 7 Jan 1982 aSenegal31 Mar 1978 17 Mar 1986 Sierra Leone15 Aug 1978 7 Oct 1988 Singapore31 Mar 1978 Slovakia<superscript>2</superscript>28 May 1993 dSt. Vincent and the Grenadines12 Sep 2000 aSweden18 Apr 1979 Syrian Arab Republic16 Oct 2002 aTunisia15 Sep 1980 aUganda 6 Jul 1979 aUnited Republic of Tanzania24 Jul 1979 aUnited States of America30 Apr 1979 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)31 Mar 1978 Zambia 7 Oct 1991 a
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession, acceptance or approval.)<Declaration><Participant>Czech Republic<superscript>2</superscript></Participant><text type="para">"The Czech Republic declares that limits of carrier's liability in the territory of the Czech Republic adhere to the provision of article 6 of the Convention."</text><text type="para"/></Declaration><Declaration><Participant>Slovakia<superscript>2</superscript></Participant></Declaration><Declaration><Participant>Syrian Arab Republic</Participant><text type="para">... with the following reservation: The accession of the Syrian Arab Republic to this Convention shall not in any way be construed to mean recognition of Israel and shall not lead to entry with it into any of the transactions regulated by the provisions of the Convention.</text><text type="para"/></Declaration></Declarations><Objections/><DeclarationsUnderArticle/><Notifications/><TerritorialApplications show="YES"/><EndNotes><Note><index>1</index><text><a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_31_39-E.pdf" target="_blank"><i>Official Records of the General Assembly, Thirty-first Session, Supplement No. 39, (A/31/39)</i></a>, p. 184.</text></Note><Note><index>2</index><text>Czechoslovakia had signed the Convention on 6 March 1979 with the following declaration:</text><text>The Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, upon signing the United Nations Convention on the Carriage of Goods by Sea of 1978, declares, in conformity with the provision of its article 26, that the conversion of the amounts of the limits of liability, referred to in paragraph 2 of that article, into the Czechoslovak currency is made in the ratio of 0.48 Czechoslovak crown /Kce/ to 1 monetary unit, defined in paragraph 3 of article 26 of the Convention, and the limits of liability provided for in this Convention to be applied in the territory of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic are fixed as follows: 6,000.–Kcs per package or other shipping unit, or 18.–Kcs per kilogramme of gross weight of the goods.</text><text>Subsequently, upon ratification, the Government of the Czech Republic declared that it "had decided to withdraw the declaration made by the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic upon signing the Convention on 6 March 1979."</text><text>See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.</text></Note><Note><index>3</index><text>See note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.</text></Note></EndNotes><Footer>XI D 3. Transport and Communications - Water Transport</Footer></Treaty></Document>