CHAPTER XI
TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS
B
Road Traffic
21European Agreement concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport (AETR)Geneva, 1 July 19705 January 1976, in accordance with article 16(4).5 January 1976, No. 14533Signatories13Parties52United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 993, p. 143 and depositary notifications C.N.399.1981.TREATIES-1 of 2 February 1982 (Proposed of amendments by UK); C.N.88.1982.TREATIES-1 of 2 July 1982 (rectification of the English and French texts of the amendments); C.N.189.1982.TREATIES-2 of 19 August 1982 (Notification under article 23 (2)(b) by the Netherlands); C.N.205.1982.TREATIES-3 of 24 September 1982 (Notification under article 23(2)(b) by Czechoslovakia; C.N.24.1983.TREATIES-1 of 3 March 1983 (Acceptance by the Netherlands of the Amendments); C.N.124.1983.TREATIES-2 of 13 May 1983 (Acceptance of the Amendments proposed by UK); C.N.105.1991.TREATIES-1 of 24 July 1991 (amendments proposed by Norway); C.N.23.1992.TREATIES-1 of 3 March 1992 (Acceptance proposed by Norway); C.N.285.1993.TREATIES-3 of 30 August 1993 (amendments proposed by Norway); C.N.20.1994.TREATIES-1 of 18 April 1994 (notification under article 23(2)(b) by the Netherlands); C.N.335.1994.TREATIES-3 of 19 December 1994 (Acceptance of the amendments proposed by Norway); C.N.512.2003.TREATIES-1 of 27 May 2003 (Proposal of amendments by France to Article 12 of the Agreement) and C.N.1353.2003.TREATIES-3 of 5 December 2003 (Acceptance); C.N.475.2005.TREATIES-1 of 24 June 2005 (Proposed amendments communicated by the Government of France to the Agreement); C.N.993.2005.TREATIES-2 Reissued of 6 January 2006 (Communication by the Netherlands under article 21(2)(b)); C.N.239.2006.TREATIES-2 of 22 March 2006 [Notification in accordance with article 23 (5) (B) of the Agreement] and C.N.240.2006.TREATIES-3 of 22 March 2006 (Acceptance of the amendments proposed by France to the above Agreement, the annex to the Agreement and the appendices to the annex); C.N.170.2009.TREATIES-1 of 20 March 2009 (Proposed amendments by the Government of the Netherlands to the Body, Annex and Appendices to the Annex of the AETR); C.N.335.2009.TREATIES-2 of 27 May 2009 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (2)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands); C.N.690.2009.TREATIES-3 of 6 October 2009 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (2)(B) of the Agreement by Finland); C.N.884.2009.TREATIES-4 of 15 December 2009 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (5)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands); C.N.395.2010.TREATIES-1 of 25 June 2010 (Acceptance of the Amendments proposed by the Netherlands to the body, the annex and Appendices to the Annex of the AETR); C.N.136.2015.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 18 February 2015 (Proposal of amendment to article 14 of the AETR); C.N.290.2015.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 18 May 2015 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (2)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands); C.N.160.2016.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 14 April 2016 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (5)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands); C.N.161.2016.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 14 April 2016 (Acceptance of the Amendment proposed by Turkey and Ukraine to article 14 of the AETR); C.N.561.2018.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 16 November 2018 (Proposal of amendment to article 14), C.N.168.2019.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 10 May 2019 (Communication pursuant to article 21 (2)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands), C.N.502.2019.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 10 October 2019 (Communication by the Netherlands) and C.N.503.2019.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 10 October 2019 (Acceptance); C.N.473.2020.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 23 October 2020 (Proposal of amendment by Greece to article 14) and C.N.520.2020.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 6 November 2020(Communication pursuant to article 21 (2)(B) of the Agreement by the Netherlands).<superscript>1</superscript>
ParticipantSignatureAccession(a), Succession(d), RatificationAlbania20 Jul 2006 aAndorra13 Feb 1997 aArmenia 9 Jun 2006 aAustria<superscript>2</superscript>31 Jan 1971 11 Jun 1975 Azerbaijan16 Aug 1996 aBelarus 5 Apr 1993 aBelgium15 Jan 1971 30 Dec 1977 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>3</superscript>12 Jan 1994 dBulgaria12 May 1995 aCroatia<superscript>3</superscript> 3 Aug 1992 dCyprus 5 Sep 2003 aCzech Republic<superscript>4</superscript> 2 Jun 1993 dDenmark30 Dec 1977 aEstonia 3 May 1993 aFinland16 Feb 1999 aFrance20 Jan 1971 9 Jan 1978 Georgia19 May 2011 aGermany<superscript>5,6</superscript>23 Dec 1970 9 Jul 1975 Greece11 Jan 1974 aHungary22 Oct 1999 aIreland28 Aug 1979 aItaly29 Mar 1971 28 Dec 1978 Kazakhstan17 Jul 1995 aKyrgyzstan24 Aug 2021 aLatvia14 Jan 1994 aLiechtenstein 6 Nov 1996 aLithuania 3 Jun 1998 aLuxembourg 2 Feb 1971 30 Dec 1977 Malta24 Sep 2004 aMonaco16 Jun 2008 aMontenegro<superscript>7</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands26 Mar 1971 30 Dec 1977 North Macedonia<superscript>3</superscript>10 Nov 1999 dNorway16 Mar 1971 28 Oct 1971 Poland24 Mar 1971 14 Jul 1992 Portugal30 Mar 1971 20 Sep 1973 Republic of Moldova26 May 1993 aRomania 8 Dec 1994 aRussian Federation31 Jul 1978 aSan Marino25 Apr 2007 aSerbia<superscript>3</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>4</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia<superscript>3</superscript> 6 Aug 1993 dSpain<superscript>8</superscript> 3 Jan 1973 aSweden19 Jan 1971 24 Aug 1973 Switzerland24 Mar 1971 7 Apr 2000 Tajikistan28 Dec 2011 aTurkey16 Jan 2001 aTurkmenistan18 Sep 1996 aUkraine 3 Feb 2006 aUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>9,10</superscript>25 Mar 1971 4 Jan 1978 Uzbekistan22 Oct 1998 a
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession or succession.)Belgium<superscript>11</superscript>Transport operations between member States of the European Economic Community shall be regarded as national transport operations within the meaning of the AETR in so far as such operations do not pass in transit through the territory of a third State which is a contracting party to the AETR.Czech Republic<superscript>4</superscript>Reservation:Upon acceding to the Agreement the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic declares, in accordance with its article 21, that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Agreement.Declaration:The Government of Czechoslovakia considers article 19 of the Agreement to be in contradiction to the generally recognized right of nations to self-determination.Denmark<superscript>11</superscript><i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>Finland<superscript>11</superscript><i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>France<superscript>11</superscript><i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>Georgia<superscript>12</superscript>“The Government of Georgia reserves its right to use measures to be applied during the tolerance period with respect to the implementation of digital tachograph by the Contracting Parties to the European Agreement Concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport (AETR) of 1 July 1970, during the two years period after Georgia’s accession to the AETR agreement.”Germany<superscript>5,6,11</superscript><left>9 August 1979</left><i>[Same declaration, in essence, as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>Ireland<superscript>11</superscript><i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>Luxembourg<superscript>11</superscript><i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>MaltaReservation:"The Government of Malta hereby declares that within the meaning of article 19, paragraph 1, of the Agreement, it does not feel bound by the provisions of article 18, paragraphs 2 and 3 thereof."Declaration:"The Government of Malta declares that transport operations between the Member States of the European Economic Community shall be regarded as national transport operations within the meaning of the AETR in so far as such operations do not pass in transit through the territory of a third State which is a contracting party to the AETR."MonacoThe principality of Monaco declared that the accession to the European Agreement concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles engaged in International Road Transport (AETR) does not affect the validity of the Conventions concluded with the Republic of France.MontenegroNetherlands<superscript>11</superscript>Upon signature:The Government of the Netherlands [will] ratify the Agreement only when the law of the European Economic Community conforms with the provisions of the latter.Upon ratification:<i>[Same declaration as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>Poland<superscript>13</superscript>Upon signature:"The Polish People's Republic considers that the Agreement should be open for participation to all European countries without discrimination."Russian FederationReservation with respect of article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3:The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics does not consider itself bound by article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the European Agreement concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport (AETR), and states that, for the submission to arbitration of any dispute among the Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of the European Agreement (AETR), the agreement of all of the Parties in dispute shall be required in each individual case, and the arbitrators shall only be persons appointed by general agreement between the Parties in dispute.Declaration with respect of article 19:The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics considers it necessary to declare that the provisions of article 19 of the European Agreement concerning the Work of Crews of Vehicles Engaged in International Road Transport (AETR), on the extension by States of the validity of the European Agreement (AETR) to the territories for the international relations of which they are responsible, are outdated and contradict the Declaration of the General Assembly of the United Nations on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples (General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) dated 14 December 1960), which proclaimed the necessity of bringing to a speedy and unconditional end colonialism in all its forms and manifestations.Slovakia<superscript>4</superscript>Reservation:Upon acceding to the Agreement the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic declares, in accordance with its article 21, that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Agreement.Declaration:The Government of Czechoslovakia considers article 19 of the Agreement to be in contradiction to the generally recognized right of nations to self-determination.Spain(a) The Government of Spain avails itself of the first of the options provided for in article 5, paragraph 1 (b) (ii) of the Agreement whereby persons whose age is less than 21 years may be prohibited from driving in the territory vehicles of a permissible maximum weight exceeding 7.5 tons.(b) The Government of Spain enters the reservation provided for in article 21, paragraph 1, of the Agreement and accordingly does not consider itself bound by article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Agreement.(c) The Government of Spain selects variant (a) of the procedures set forth in paragraph 6 of the annex entitled "Individual Control Book".United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>9,11</superscript><i>[Same declaration, in essence, as the one reproduced under "Belgium".] </i>1Amendments to articles 3, 6, 10, 11, 12 and 14 of the Agreement, proposed by the Government of the United Kingdom, were circulated by the Secretary-General on 2 February 1982 (with rectification on 2 July 1982). In this regard, notifications made under article 23 (2) (b) of the Agreement were received from the Government of the Netherlands on 28 July 1982 and from the Government of Czechoslovakia on 30 July 1982. In a communication, received on 28 January 1983, the Government of the Netherlands notified the Secretary-General in accordance with article 23, its acceptance of the said amendments. No objection having been made on behalf of the Government of Czechoslovakia at the expiration of a period of nine months following the expiry of six months from the date of the depositary notification transmitting the proposed amendments, (2 February 1982), the amendments are deemed to have been accepted in accordance with article 23 (6) and entered into force on 3 August 1983, i.e. the end of a further period of three months. Other amendments were proposed as follows: 3Proposed by:Date of circulation:Date of entry into force: Norway24 July 199124 April 1992 Norway*30 August 199328 February 1995 France27 May 200327 February 2004 France**24 June 200516 June 2006
* In this regard, a notification made under article 23 (2) (b) of the Agreement was received from the Government of the Netherlands on 28 February 1994. Subsequently, in a communication received on 28 november 1994, the Government of the Netherlands notified the Secretary-General, in accordance with article 23, its acceptance, for the Kingdom in Europe, of the amendments proposed by Norway. ** In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 26 September 2005, the Government ofthe Kingdom of the Netherlands notified the Secretary-General, pursuant to article 23 (2) (b) of the Agreement, that although it intends to accept the proposed amendments, transmitted by France on 24 June 2005, the conditions necessary for such acceptance has not yet been fulfilled. Consequently, in accordance with the provisions of paragraphs 2 to 5 of article 23 of the Agreement, the proposed amendments to the Agreement and its Annex, will be deemed accepted only if, before the expiry of a period of nine months following the expiry of a period of six months as indicated in the said article (i.e., before 24 September 2006), the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands has not notified an objection to the proposed amendments. However, if the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands notifies the depositary of its acceptance before 26 September 2006, the amendments will be deemed accepted as from the date as specified in article 23 (5) (b) of the Agreement.
2The Protocol of signature [annexed to the Agreement] was signed on 31 March 1971 on behalf of Austria.3The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Agreement on 17 December 1974. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Agreement on 5 December 1975, with a reservation and a declaration. For the text of the reservation and the declaration, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 993, p. 172. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Agreement on 10 August 1976 with a reservation and a declaration. For the text of the reservation and declaration, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1019, p. 400. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.6See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.7See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.8On 2 October 2020, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain a communication relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar. See C.N.437.2020.TREATIES-XI.B.21 of 12 October 2020 for the text of the communication.9In a notification under article 19(1), dated on 25 March 1971, the Government of the United Kingdom informed the Secretary-General that the validity of the Agreement would extend to the Isle of Man.10On 3 September 2019, the Secretary-General received from the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland the following notification: “... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby extends the application of the United Kingdom’s Ratification of the Agreement to Gibraltar, for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible. The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland hereby declares that, pursuant to Article 17, paragraph 1, of the Agreement, the Agreement shall be extended to Gibraltar as from the one hundred and eightieth day after receipt of this notification.”11None of the States Parties having objected to these reservations by the end of six months after the respective dates of their circulation by the Secretary-General, they are deemed to have been accepted, in accordance with article 21 (2).12None of the States Parties having objected to this reservation by the end of six months after the respective dates of their circulation by the Secretary-General, they are deemed to have been accepted, in accordance with article 19 (2).13Upon ratification, the Government of Poland notified the Secretary-General, under article 21(3) of the Agreement, that it does not maintain the reservation made upon signature of not applying article 20, paragraphs 2 and 3, of the Agreement.