Road Traffic
1678United Nations Regulation No. 78. Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles of categories L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5 with regard to braking15 October 198815 October 1988, in accordance with article (5).15 October 1988, No. 4789Parties41United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 1515, p. 281 and doc. E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.77; vol. 1583, p. 313 and doc. /ECE/324-E/E/ECE/ TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.77/Amend.1 (amendments series 01); depositary notification C.N.115.1992.TREATIES-11 of 1 July 1992 (procès-verbal concerning modifications); vol. 1849, p. 375 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP29/381 and Corr.1 (amendments series 02); vol.1861, p.450 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP29/406 (supplement 1 to amendments series 02); vol. 1964, p. 400 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP.29/514 (supplement 2 to amendments series 02); C.N.616.2002.TREATIES-1 of 7 June 2002 and doc. TRANS/WP.29/851 (supplement 3 to amendments series 02) and C.N.1159.2002.TREATIES-2 of 9 December 2002 (adoption); C.N.1202.2006.TREATIES-1 of 18 December 2006 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2006/133 + Amend. 1 (amendments series 03) and C.N.711.2007.TREATIES-2 of 10 July 2007 (adoption); C.N.249.2008.TREATIES-1 of 8 April 2008 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2008/4 (modifications); C.N.605.2008.TREATIES-1 of 26 August 2008 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2008/64 + amendments referred to in para. 38 of the report (supplement 1 to amendments series 03) and C.N.58.2009.TREATIES-2 of 27 February 2009 (adoption); C.N.468.2010.TREATIES-2 of 30 July 2010 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2010/68 (modifications); C.N.237.2015.TREATIES.XI.B.16.78 of 8 April 2015 (proposal of amendements) and C.N.553.2015.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 2 November 2015 (adoption); C.N.534.2016.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 9 August 2016 (proposal of amendments) and C.N.86.2017.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 17 February 2017 (adoption); C.N.932.2016.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 22 December 2016 (proposal of amendments) and CN.367.2017.TREATIES-XI-B-16-53 of 10 July 2017 (adoption); C.N.14.2020.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 14 January 2020 (Amendments); C.N.24.2021.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 27 January 2021 (Amendments); C.N.340.2022.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 19 October 2022 (Amendments); C.N.341.2022.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 19 October 2022 (Amendments); C.N.342.2022.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 19 October 2022 (Amendments); C.N.416.2023.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 6 October 2023 (amendments); C.N.15.2024.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 15 January 2024 (amendments).<superscript>1</superscript>
Contracting Parties applying Regulation No. 78<superscript>2</superscript>ParticipantApplication of regulation, Succession(d)Armenia 1 Mar 2018 Australia 1 Jun 2010 Belarus 3 May 1995 Belgium20 Oct 1989 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>3</superscript>28 Sep 1998 dCroatia<superscript>3</superscript>17 Mar 1994 dCzech Republic<superscript>4</superscript> 2 Jun 1993 dEgypt 5 Dec 2012 Estonia26 May 1999 European Union<superscript>5</superscript>23 Jan 1998 Finland11 Feb 1991 France<superscript>6</superscript>15 Oct 1988 Germany<superscript>7</superscript>14 Jan 1991 Hungary 7 Nov 1990 Italy<superscript>6</superscript>15 Oct 1988 Japan19 Apr 2007 Latvia19 Nov 1998 Lithuania28 Jan 2002 Luxembourg29 Jun 1990 Malaysia 3 Feb 2006 Montenegro<superscript>8</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands (Kingdom of the)28 Nov 1988 Nigeria18 Oct 2018 North Macedonia<superscript>3</superscript> 1 Apr 1998 dNorway 6 Jan 1999 Pakistan24 Feb 2020 Philippines 3 Nov 2022 Poland14 Sep 1992 Republic of Moldova21 Sep 2016 Romania 7 Mar 1996 Russian Federation 8 Feb 1996 San Marino27 Nov 2015 Serbia<superscript>3</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>4</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia<superscript>3</superscript> 3 Nov 1992 dSpain30 Mar 1992 Sweden17 Jun 1993 Türkiye 8 May 2000 Uganda20 Mar 2023 Ukraine 9 Aug 2002 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland22 Jun 1990
1 For additional references to the texts of the annexed regulations and their amendments, see doc. <a href="" target = "_ blank">TRANS/WP.29/343</a> as updated annually.2For technical reasons and in order to align this chapter with all others in the publication, the date indicated is no longer the date of effect of the regulation for the Contracting Party, but the date of receipt of the notification of application by the Secretary-General.3The former Yugoslavia applied Regulation No. 78 as from 21 February 1989. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4Czechoslovakia applied Regulation No. 78 as from 1 January 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5In a letter dated 29 July 1998, the European Community informed the Secretary-General of the following:"The accession of the EC has the effect that the [...] regulations adhered to are not (in cases where a Member State already applied a regulation: no longer) applied by Member States by virtue of their status as Contracting Parties to the Agreement but exclusively in their capacity as Member States of the Contracting Party European Community. Thus, the 14 Member States already Contracting Parties themselves, now apply all [these] regulations by virtue of the EC's accession."... By the EC accession, Ireland has not become a Contracting Party. Only the EC has become a Contracting Party. Ireland being a Member State of this Contracting Party applies the [...] regulations [adhered to by the EC] by virtue of the EC's accession.It will be recalled that, as at 29 July 1999, States Members of the EC are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.6Contracting State having proposed the Regulation and date of entry into force of the Regulation for that State in accordance with article 1 (3).7The German Democratic Republic applied Regulation No. 78 as from 24 April 1989.With regard to the above, the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in a communication received on 14 January 1991, informed the Secretary-General of the following:- [Regulation No. 78 which had] so far been applied only by the German Democratic Republic shall be applied by the Federal Republic of Germany as from 3 October 1990, the date when the German Democratic Republic acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany:The notification further states that it “. . . does not constitute a general statement of position by the Federal Republic of Germany on the question of state succession in relation to treaties.”See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.8See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.