Road Traffic
1628United Nations Regulation No. 28. Uniform provisions concerning the approval of audible warning devices and of motor vehicles with regard to their audible warning signals15 January 197315 January 1973, in accordance with article 1(5).15 January 1973, No. 4789Parties45United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 854, p. 194, and doc. E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/ Add.27/Amend.1 (revised text incorporating amendments series 01); vol. 1590, p.455 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP29/266 and Corr.1 (supplement 2 to the original - English only); depositary notification C.N.95.1992.TREATIES-10 of 16 June 1992 (procès-verbal concerning modifications); C.N.434.2000.TREATIES-1 of 28 June 2000 and doc. TRANS/WP.29/716 (supplement 3 to the original); C.N.392.2015.TREATIES-XI-B-16-28 of 20 July 2015 (proposal of amendments) and C.N.20.2016.TREATIES-XI-B-16-28 of 3 February 2016 (adoption); C.N.176.2017.TREATIES-XI.B.16.28 of 10 April 2017 (Proposal of Amendments) and C.N.646.2017.TREATIES-XI.B.16.28 of 20 October 2017 (adoption); C.N.472.2020.TREATIES-XI.B.16.28 of 27 October 2020 (Amendments).<superscript>1</superscript>
Contracting Parties applying Regulation No. 28<superscript>2</superscript>ParticipantApplication of regulation, Succession(d)Armenia 1 Mar 2018 Austria31 Mar 1981 Belarus 3 May 1995 Belgium12 Aug 1976 Bosnia and Herzegovina<superscript>3</superscript>28 Sep 1998 dBulgaria22 Nov 1999 Croatia<superscript>3</superscript>17 Mar 1994 dCzech Republic<superscript>4</superscript> 2 Jun 1993 dDenmark21 Oct 1976 Egypt 5 Dec 2012 Estonia26 May 1999 European Union<superscript>5</superscript>23 Jan 1998 Finland 6 May 1988 France<superscript>6</superscript>15 Jan 1973 Germany<superscript>7</superscript>26 Aug 1975 Greece 4 Oct 1995 Hungary19 Aug 1976 Italy27 Jun 1973 Japan25 Sep 1998 Latvia19 Nov 1998 Lithuania28 Jan 2002 Luxembourg 2 Mar 1984 Malaysia 3 Feb 2006 Montenegro<superscript>8</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dNetherlands (Kingdom of the)22 Apr 1985 Nigeria18 Oct 2018 North Macedonia<superscript>3</superscript> 1 Apr 1998 dNorway23 Dec 1987 Pakistan24 Feb 2020 Philippines 3 Nov 2022 Poland14 Sep 1992 Republic of Moldova21 Sep 2016 Romania23 Dec 1976 Russian Federation19 Dec 1986 San Marino27 Nov 2015 Serbia<superscript>3</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>4</superscript>28 May 1993 dSlovenia<superscript>3</superscript> 3 Nov 1992 dSpain<superscript>6</superscript>15 Jan 1973 Sweden 9 Apr 1973 Switzerland 4 Dec 1995 Türkiye13 May 1999 Uganda23 Aug 2022 Ukraine 9 Aug 2002 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 2 Apr 1975
1For additional references to the texts of the annexed regulations and their amendments, see doc. <a href="" target = "_ blank">TRANS/WP.29/343</a> as updated annually.2For technical reasons and in order to align this chapter with all others in the publication, the date indicated is no longer the date of effect of the regulation for the Contracting Party, but the date of receipt of the notification of application by the Secretary-General.3The former Yugoslavia applied Regulation No. 28 as from 31 January 1985. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.4Czechoslovakia applied Regulation No. 28 as from 3 November 1985. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5In a letter dated 29 July 1998, the European Community informed the Secretary-General of the following:"The accession of the EC has the effect that the [...] regulations adhered to are not (in cases where a Member State already applied a regulation: no longer) applied by Member States by virtue of their status as Contracting Parties to the Agreement but exclusively in their capacity as Member States of the Contracting Party European Community. Thus, the 14 Member States already Contracting Parties themselves, now apply all [these] regulations by virtue of the EC's accession."... By the EC accession, Ireland has not become a Contracting Party. Only the EC has become a Contracting Party. Ireland being a Member State of this Contracting Party applies the [...] regulations [adhered to by the EC] by virtue of the EC's accession.It will be recalled that, as at 29 July 1999, States Members of the EC are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.6Contracting State having proposed the Regulation and date of entry into force of the Regulation for that State in accordance with article 1 63).7The German Democratic Republic applied Regulation No. 28 as from 23 June 1979.With regard to the above, the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in a communication received on 14 January 1991, informed the Secretary-General of the following:- [Regulation No. 28 which had] been applied by both the Federal Republic of Germany and the German Democratic Republic shall continue to apply:The notification further states that it “. . . does not constitute a general statement of position by the Federal Republic of Germany on the question of state succession in relation to treaties.”See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.8See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.