CHAPTER X
INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND DEVELOPMENT
18United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International ContractsNew York, 23 November 20051 March 2013, in accordance with article 23(1).1 March 2013, No. 50525Signatories18Parties15United Nations,<i>Treaty Series</i>,vol. 2898. United Nations,<i>Treaty Series</i>, <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_60_515-E.pdf" target="_blank">Doc. A/60/515</a>.The above Convention was adopted on 23 November 2005 during the 53rd plenary meeting of the General Assembly by resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_60_21-E.pdf" target="_blank">A/60/21</a>. In accordance with its article 16, the Convention shall be open for signature by all States from 16 January 2006 to 16 January 2008 at United Nations Headquarters in New York.
ParticipantSignatureApproval(AA), Acceptance(A), Accession(a), RatificationAzerbaijan18 Sep 2018 aBahrain 4 Jun 2020 aBenin 7 Nov 2019 aCameroon11 Oct 2017 aCentral African Republic27 Feb 2006 China 6 Jul 2006 Colombia27 Sep 2007 Congo28 Jan 2014 aDominican Republic 2 Aug 2012 aFiji 7 Jun 2017 aHonduras16 Jan 2008 15 Jun 2010 Iran (Islamic Republic of)26 Sep 2007 Kiribati21 Apr 2020 aLebanon22 May 2006 Madagascar19 Sep 2006 Mongolia 3 Dec 2020 aMontenegro27 Sep 2007 23 Sep 2014 Panama25 Sep 2007 Paraguay26 Mar 2007 24 Jul 2018 Philippines25 Sep 2007 Republic of Korea15 Jan 2008 Russian Federation25 Apr 2007 6 Jan 2014 ASaudi Arabia12 Nov 2007 Senegal 7 Apr 2006 Sierra Leone21 Sep 2006 Singapore 6 Jul 2006 7 Jul 2010 Sri Lanka 6 Jul 2006 7 Jul 2015
AzerbaijanDeclarations:“The Republic of Azerbaijan declares that it is unable to guarantee the implementation of the provisions of the Convention in its territories occupied by the Republic of Armenia (the Nagorno-Karabakh region of the Republic of Azerbaijan and its seven districts surrounding that region) until the liberation of those territories from the occupation and complete elimination of the consequences of that occupation…In accordance with Article 19, paragraph 1 of the Convention, the Republic of Azerbaijan declares that it will apply this Convention only if the States referred to article 1, paragraph 1 of the Convention are the Contracting States to this Convention.In accordance with Article 19, paragraph 2 of the Convention, the Republic of Azerbaijan will not apply the Convention to transactions for which a notarised form or State registration is required under the legislation of the Republic of Azerbaijan.The Republic of Azerbaijan understands international contracts covered by the Convention as civil law contracts involving foreign citizens and legal entities, or having a foreign element.”FijiDeclaration:“In accordance with Articles 21 and 19 (paragraph 2) of the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, the Convention shall not apply to electronic communications or transactions specifically excluded under sections 18, 19, 20 and the Schedule to the Electronic Transactions Act 2008 (No 26 of 2008) of Fiji, as amended by the Electronic Transactions (Amendment) Act 2017 (No 8 of 2017).”Russian FederationDeclarations:a) In accordance with article 19, paragraph 1, of the Convention, the Russian Federation will apply the Convention when the parties to the international contract have agreed that it applies;b) In accordance with article 19, paragraph 2, of the Convention, the Russian Federation will not apply the Convention to transactions for which a notarized form or State registration is required under Russian law or to transactions for the sale of goods whose transfer across the Customs Union border is either prohibited or restricted;c) The Russian Federation understands the international contracts covered by the Convention to mean civil law contracts involving foreign citizens or legal entities, or a foreign element.SingaporeDeclaration:“The Convention shall not apply to electronic communications relating to any contract for the sale or other disposition of immovable property, or any interest in such property.The Convention shall also not apply in respect of (i) the creation or execution of a will; or (ii) the creation, performance or enforcement of an indenture, declaration of trust or power of attorney, that may be contracted for in any contract governed by the Convention.”Sri LankaDeclaration made upon ratification:“In accordance with Articles 21 and 19 (paragraph 2) of the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts, the Convention shall not apply to electronic communications or transactions specifically excluded under Section 23 of the Electronic Transactions Act No. 19 of 2006, of Sri Lanka"