CHAPTER VII
TRAFFIC IN PERSONS
6Protocol amending the International Agreement for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, signed at Paris on 18 May 1904, and the International Convention for the Suppression of the White Slave Traffic, signed at Paris on 4 May 1910Lake Success, New York, 4 May 19494 May 1949, in accordance with article 5.14 May 1949, No. 446Signatories12Parties33United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 30, p. 23.The Protocol was approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations in resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/A_RES_3_256-E.pdf" target="_blank">256 (III)</a><superscript>2</superscript> of 3 December 1948. The Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation of the Prostitution of Others, concluded at Lake Success, New York of 21 March 1950 consolidates the Protocols, Conventions and Agreements listed in the present chapter under Nos. 1 to 10. Furthermore, the Convention of 21 March 1950 supercedes the provisions of the above-referenced instruments in the relations between the Parties thereto and shall terminate such instruments when all the Parties thereto shall have become Parties to the Convention of 21 March 1950, in accordance with its article 28.
ParticipantSignatureDefinitive signature(s), Acceptance(A), Succession(d)Australia<superscript>3</superscript> 8 Dec 1949 sAustria 7 Jun 1950 sBahamas10 Jun 1976 dBelgium20 May 1949 13 Oct 1952 ABrazil 4 May 1949 Canada 4 May 1949 sChile20 Jun 1949 sChina<superscript>4,5</superscript> 4 May 1949 sCuba 4 May 1949 4 Aug 1965 ACzech Republic<superscript>6</superscript>30 Dec 1993 dDenmark21 Nov 1949 1 Mar 1950 AEgypt 9 May 1949 16 Sep 1949 AFiji12 Jun 1972 dFinland31 Oct 1949 AFrance 5 May 1949 sGermany<superscript>7,8</superscript>29 May 1973 AIndia12 May 1949 28 Dec 1949 AIran (Islamic Republic of)28 Dec 1949 30 Dec 1959 AIraq 1 Jun 1949 sIreland19 Jul 1961 AItaly13 Nov 1952 ALuxembourg 4 May 1949 14 Mar 1955 ANetherlands 2 Jun 1949 26 Sep 1950 ANorway 4 May 1949 sPakistan13 May 1949 16 Jun 1952 ASerbia<superscript>9</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSlovakia<superscript>6</superscript>28 May 1993 dSouth Africa14 Aug 1951 ASri Lanka14 Jul 1949 sSweden25 Feb 1952 sSwitzerland23 Sep 1949 ATurkey 4 May 1949 13 Sep 1950 AUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>4</superscript> 4 May 1949 sUnited States of America 4 May 1949 14 Aug 1950 A
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon definitive signature, acceptance or succession.)CubaThe Revolutionary Government of Cuba ratifies the present Protocol in order to co-operate in the supervision by the United Nations, as depositary, of all treaties drawn up prior to its establishment by international organizations which have ceased to exist, since, owing to the social and economic measures taken in Cuba under the revolutionary laws to increase employment opportunities for the mass of the people, the white slave traffic has been stamped out, the social evils inherited from former periods which were its main cause, unemployment and idleness, having been eliminated; and moreover, the fact that this Protocol shall likewise apply to colonial countries on a basis of equality shall not be taken to mean any acceptance of the position of subjection of these countries, since not only is it a fundamental principle of Cuba's present policy strongly to condemn colonialism and to proclaim the right of peoples under colonial rule to achieve national liberation, but colonialism has been denounced by the United Nations.1The amendments set forth in the annex to the Protocol entered into force on 21 June 1951 in respect of the Agreement of 18 May 1904, and on 14 August 1951 in respect of the Convention of 4 May 1910, in accordance with the second paragraph of article 5 of the Protocol.2<i>Official Records of the General Assembly, Third Session, Part I, Resolutions (A/810), </i> p. 164.3In a notification made on signature, the Government of Australia declared that it extends the application of the Protocol to all territories for the conduct of whose foreign relations Australia is responsible.4On 6 and 10 June 1997, respectively, Secretary-General received communications regarding the status of Hong Kong from China and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Agreement of 18 May 1904, the Convention of 4 May 1910 and the Protocol of 4 May 1949 amending both the Agreement and the Convention will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.5See note concerning signatures, ratifications, accessions, etc., on behalf of China (note 1 under “China” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume).6Czechoslovakia had signed and accepted the Protocol of 4 May 1949 on 9 May 1949 and 21 June 1951, respectively. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.7The German Democratic Republic had accepted the Protocol with a declaration on 16 July 1974. For the text of the declaration, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 943, p. 329. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.8See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.9The former Yugoslavia had signed and accepted the Protocol on 4 May 1949 and 26 April 1951, respectively. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.