CHAPTER VI
NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES
15Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961New York, 30 March 196113 December 1964, in accordance with article 41.13 December 1964, No. 7515Signatories61Parties154United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 151, vol. 557, p. 280 (corrigendum to the Russian text), vol. 570, p. 346 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic Russian text), and vol. 590, p. 325 (procès-verbal of rectification of the authentic Spanish text).The Convention was adopted and opened for signature by the United Nations Conference for the Adoption of a Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, held at United Nations Headquarters, New York, from 24 January to 25 March 1961. The Conference was convened pursuant to resolution <a href="/doc/source/docs/E_RES_689_XXVI-E.pdf" target="_blank">689J (XXVI)</a><superscript>1</superscript> of 28 July 1958 of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations. The Conference also adopted the Final Act and five resolutions for the text of which, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 151. For the proceedings of the Conference, see <i>Official Records of the United Nations Conference for the Adoption of a Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs </i>volumes I and II, United Nations publications, Sales Nos. 63.XI.4 and 63.XI.5.
Participant<superscript>2,3,4,5</superscript>SignatureRatification, Accession(a), Succession(d)Afghanistan30 Mar 1961 19 Mar 1963 Algeria 7 Apr 1964 aAngola26 Oct 2005 aAntigua and Barbuda 5 Apr 1993 aArgentina31 Jul 1961 10 Oct 1963 Australia30 Mar 1961 1 Dec 1967 Austria 1 Feb 1978 aAzerbaijan11 Jan 1999 aBahamas13 Aug 1975 dBangladesh25 Apr 1975 aBarbados21 Jun 1976 dBelarus31 Jul 1961 20 Feb 1964 Belgium28 Jul 1961 17 Oct 1969 Benin30 Mar 1961 27 Apr 1962 Botswana27 Dec 1984 aBrazil30 Mar 1961 18 Jun 1964 Brunei Darussalam25 Nov 1987 aBulgaria31 Jul 1961 25 Oct 1968 Burkina Faso16 Sep 1969 aCambodia30 Mar 1961 7 Jul 2005 Cameroon15 Jan 1962 aCanada30 Mar 1961 11 Oct 1961 Chad30 Mar 1961 29 Jan 1963 Chile30 Mar 1961 7 Feb 1968 Colombia 3 Mar 1975 aCongo30 Mar 1961 3 Mar 2004 Costa Rica30 Mar 1961 7 May 1970 Côte d'Ivoire10 Jul 1962 aCroatia<superscript>6</superscript>26 Jul 1993 dCuba30 Aug 1962 aCyprus30 Jan 1969 aCzech Republic<superscript>7</superscript>30 Dec 1993 dDemocratic People's Republic of Korea19 Mar 2007 aDemocratic Republic of the Congo28 Apr 1961 19 Nov 1973 Denmark30 Mar 1961 15 Sep 1964 Djibouti22 Feb 2001 aDominica24 Sep 1993 aDominican Republic26 Sep 1972 aEcuador14 Jan 1964 aEgypt30 Mar 1961 20 Jul 1966 El Salvador30 Mar 1961 26 Feb 1998 Eritrea30 Jan 2002 aEthiopia29 Apr 1965 aFiji 1 Nov 1971 dFinland30 Mar 1961 6 Jul 1965 France19 Feb 1969 aGabon29 Feb 1968 aGambia23 Apr 1996 aGermany<superscript>8,9</superscript>31 Jul 1961 2 Dec 1975 aGhana30 Mar 1961 15 Jan 1964 Greece 6 Jun 1972 aGuatemala26 Jul 1961 1 Dec 1967 Guinea 7 Oct 1968 aGuinea-Bissau27 Oct 1995 aGuyana15 Jul 2002 aHaiti 3 Apr 1961 29 Jan 1973 Holy See30 Mar 1961 1 Sep 1970 Honduras16 Apr 1973 aHungary31 Jul 1961 24 Apr 1964 Iceland18 Dec 1974 aIndia30 Mar 1961 13 Dec 1964 Indonesia28 Jul 1961 3 Sep 1976 Iran (Islamic Republic of)30 Mar 1961 30 Aug 1972 Iraq30 Mar 1961 29 Aug 1962 Ireland16 Dec 1980 aIsrael23 Nov 1962 aItaly 4 Apr 1961 14 Apr 1975 Jamaica29 Apr 1964 aJapan26 Jul 1961 13 Jul 1964 Jordan30 Mar 1961 15 Nov 1962 Kazakhstan29 Apr 1997 aKenya13 Nov 1964 aKuwait16 Apr 1962 aKyrgyzstan 7 Oct 1994 aLao People's Democratic Republic22 Jun 1973 aLatvia16 Jul 1993 aLebanon30 Mar 1961 23 Apr 1965 Lesotho 4 Nov 1974 dLiberia30 Mar 1961 13 Apr 1987 Libya27 Sep 1978 aLiechtenstein<superscript>10</superscript>14 Jul 1961 31 Oct 1979 Lithuania28 Feb 1994 aLuxembourg28 Jul 1961 27 Oct 1972 Madagascar30 Mar 1961 20 Jun 1974 Malawi 8 Jun 1965 aMalaysia11 Jul 1967 aMali15 Dec 1964 aMarshall Islands 9 Aug 1991 aMauritius18 Jul 1969 dMexico24 Jul 1961 18 Apr 1967 Micronesia (Federated States of)29 Apr 1991 aMonaco14 Aug 1969 aMongolia 6 May 1991 aMontenegro<superscript>11</superscript>23 Oct 2006 dMorocco 4 Dec 1961 aMozambique 8 Jun 1998 aMyanmar30 Mar 1961 29 Jul 1963 Netherlands<superscript>12</superscript>31 Jul 1961 16 Jul 1965 New Zealand<superscript>13</superscript>30 Mar 1961 26 Mar 1963 Nicaragua30 Mar 1961 21 Jun 1973 Niger18 Apr 1963 aNigeria30 Mar 1961 6 Jun 1969 North Macedonia<superscript>14</superscript>13 Oct 1993 aNorway30 Mar 1961 1 Sep 1967 Oman24 Jul 1987 aPakistan30 Mar 1961 9 Jul 1965 Panama30 Mar 1961 4 Dec 1963 Papua New Guinea28 Oct 1980 dParaguay30 Mar 1961 3 Feb 1972 Peru<superscript>15</superscript>30 Mar 1961 22 Jul 1964 Philippines30 Mar 1961 2 Oct 1967 Poland31 Jul 1961 16 Mar 1966 Portugal<superscript>3,16</superscript>30 Mar 1961 30 Dec 1971 Republic of Korea30 Mar 1961 13 Feb 1962 Republic of Moldova15 Feb 1995 aRomania14 Jan 1974 aRussian Federation31 Jul 1961 20 Feb 1964 San Marino10 Oct 2000 aSao Tome and Principe20 Jun 1996 aSaudi Arabia21 Apr 1973 aSenegal24 Jan 1964 aSerbia<superscript>6</superscript>12 Mar 2001 dSeychelles27 Feb 1992 aSingapore15 Mar 1973 aSlovakia<superscript>7</superscript>28 May 1993 dSolomon Islands17 Mar 1982 dSomalia 9 Jun 1988 aSouth Africa16 Nov 1971 aSpain27 Jul 1961 1 Mar 1966 Sri Lanka11 Jul 1963 aSt. Kitts and Nevis 9 May 1994 aSt. Lucia 5 Jul 1991 dSt. Vincent and the Grenadines 3 Dec 2001 dSudan24 Apr 1974 aSuriname29 Mar 1990 dSweden 3 Apr 1961 18 Dec 1964 Switzerland20 Apr 1961 17 Feb 1970 Syrian Arab Republic22 Aug 1962 aThailand24 Jul 1961 31 Oct 1961 Togo 6 May 1963 aTonga 5 Sep 1973 dTrinidad and Tobago22 Jun 1964 aTunisia30 Mar 1961 8 Sep 1964 Türkiye23 May 1967 aTurkmenistan21 Feb 1996 aUganda15 Apr 1988 aUkraine31 Jul 1961 15 Apr 1964 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>4</superscript>30 Mar 1961 2 Sep 1964 United States of America25 May 1967 aUruguay31 Oct 1975 aVenezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)30 Mar 1961 14 Feb 1969 Viet Nam14 Sep 1970 aZambia12 Aug 1965 aZimbabwe 1 Dec 1998 d
Declarations and Reservations(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were madeupon ratification, accession or succession.)AlgeriaThe Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria does not approve the present wording of article 42 which might prevent the application of the Convention to "non-metropolitan" territories.The Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 48, paragraph 2, which prescribe the compulsory referral of any dispute to the International Court of Justice.The Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria declares that the agreement of all parties to a dispute shall in every case be necessary for the referral thereof to the International Court of Justice.Argentina<superscript>17</superscript>Reservation to article 48, paragraph 2:The Argentine Republic does not recognize the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.Austria"The Republic of Austria interprets article 36, paragraph 1, as follows: The obligation of the Party contained therein may also be implemented by administrative regulations providing adequate sanction for the offences enumerated therein."Bangladesh"[Subject to the reservations] referred to in article 49 (1) (a), (d) and (e) of the Convention, namely, subject to the right of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh to permit temporarily in its territory:(a) The quasi-medical use of opium,(d) The use of cannabis, cannabis resin, extracts and tinctures of cannabis for non-medical purposes, and(e) The production and manufacture of and trade in the drugs referred to under (a) and (d) above for the purposes mentioned therein."BelarusThe Government of the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic will not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3; article 13, paragraph 2; article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2; and article 31, paragraph 1 (b) of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as applied to States not entitled to become Parties to the Single Convention on the basis of the procedure provided for in article 40 of that Convention.The Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic deems it essential to draw attention to the discriminatory character of article 40, paragraph 1, of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, under the terms of which certain States are not entitled to become Parties to the said Convention. The Single Convention concerns matters which are of interest to all States and has as its objective the enlistment of the efforts of all countries in the struggle against the social evil of the abuse of narcotics. The Convention should therefore be open to all countries. According to the principle of the sovereign equality of States, no States have the right to deny to other countries the possibility of participating in a Convention of this type.Bulgaria<superscript>18</superscript>Declaration"The People's Republic of Bulgaria considers it necessary to stress that the wording of article 40, paragraph 1; article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3; article 13, paragraph 2; article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2; and article 31, paragraph 1 "b" has a discriminatory character as it excludes the participation of a certain number of States. These texts are obviously inconsistent with the character of the Convention, aiming at unifying the efforts of all Parties with a view to achieving regulation of the questions, affecting the interests of all countries in this field."Czech Republic<superscript>7</superscript>Egypt<superscript>19</superscript>FranceThe Government of the French Republic declares that it accedes to this Convention while reserving the possibility provided for in article 44, paragraph 2 <i>in fine </i> of continuing in force article 9 of the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, signed at Geneva on 26 June 1936.Hungary<superscript>20</superscript>"(2) As regards countries which have been deprived of the possibility of becoming parties, on the basis of the provisions of article 40 of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, to the Convention, the Government of the Hungarian People's Republic does not consider as obligatory upon herself points 2 and 3 of article 12, point 2 of article 13, points 1 and 2 of article 14 and sub-point 1 (b) of article 31."The Hungarian People's Republic deems it necessary to state that the provisions in article 40 of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs by which certain States are barred from becoming Parties to the Convention are at variance with the principle of sovereign equality of States and are detrimental to the interests attached to the universality of the Convention."IndiaReservations:"Subject to the reservations referred to in Article 49 (1) (a), (b), (d) and (e) of the Convention, namely, subject to the right of the Government of India to permit temporarily in any of its territories:"(a) The quasi-medical use of opium,"(b) Opium smoking,"(d) The use of cannabis, cannabis resin, extracts and tinctures of cannabis for non-medical purposes, and"(e) The production and manufacture of and trade in the drugs referred to under (a), (b), and“ (d) above for the purposes mentioned therein.Declarations:"Since the Government of India do not recognise the Nationalist Chinese authorities as the competent Government of China, they cannot regard signature of the said Convention by a Nationalist Chinese Representative as a valid signature on behalf of China."Indonesia<superscript>21</superscript>Reservation made upon signature and confirmed upon ratifica tion:"(1) . . ."(2) . . ."(3) With respect to article 48, paragraph 2, the Indonesian Government does not consider itself bound by the provisions of this paragraph which provide for a mandatory reference to the International Court of Justice of any dispute which cannot be resolved according to the terms of paragraph 1. The Indonesian Government takes the position that for any dispute to be referred to the International Court of Justice for decision the agreement of all the parties to the dispute shall be necessary in each individual case."LiechtensteinThe Principality of Liechtenstein maintains in force article 9 of the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, signed at Geneva on 26 June 1936.MyanmarReservation made upon signature and confirmed upon ratifica tion:"Subject to the understanding that the Shan State is being allowed to have reservation of the right:"(1) To allow addicts in the Shan State to smoke opium for a transitory period of 20 years with effect from the date of coming into force of this Single Convention;"(2) To produce and manufacture opium for the above purpose;"(3) To furnish a list of opium consumers in the Shan State after the Shan State Government has completed the taking of such list on the 31st December, 1963."NetherlandsIn view of the equality from the point of view of public law between the Netherlands, Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles, the term "non-metropolitan" mentioned in article 42 of this Convention no longer has its original meaning so far as Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles are concerned, and will consequently be deemed to mean "non-European".Pakistan"The Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan will permit temporarily in any of its territories:"(i) The quasi-medical use of opium;"(ii) The use of cannabis, cannabis resin, extracts and tinctures of cannabis for non-medical purposes, and"(iii) The production and manufacture of and trade in the drugs referred to under (i) and (ii) above."Papua New Guinea<superscript>22</superscript>"In accordance with article 50, paragraph 2, the Government of Papua New Guinea hereby lodges a reservation in relation to article 48, paragraph 2, which provides for reference of a dispute to the International Court of Justice."Poland"The Government of the Polish People's Republic does not consider itself being bound by the provisions of article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3, article 13, paragraph 2, article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2 and article 31, paragraph 1 (b) of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, and concerning States deprived of the opportunity to participate in the above Convention."In the opinion of the Government of the Polish People's Republic it is inadmissible to impose obligations contained in the mentioned provisions, upon States which in result of other provisions of the same Convention may be deprived of the opportunity to adhere to it."The Polish People's Republic deems it appropriate to draw the attention to the discriminatory character of article 40, paragraph 1, of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, on the basis of which certain States have been deprived of the opportunity of becoming Parties to this Convention. The Single Convention deals with the question of interest to all States and is meant to mobilize efforts of all countries in the struggle against the social danger which is the abuse of narcotic drugs. This Convention therefore should be open to all States. In accordance with the principle of sovereign equality of States, no State has the right to deprive any other State of the opportunity to participate in a Convention of such type."Romania<superscript>23</superscript>Reservations:(a) ...(b) The Socialist Republic of Romania does not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3; article 13, paragraph 2; article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2; article 31, paragraph 1 (b), in so far as those provisions refer to States which are not Parties to the Single Convention.Declarations:(a) The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the maintenance of the state of dependence of certain territories to which the provisions of article 42 and article 46, paragraph 1, of the Convention apply is not in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the documents adopted by the United Nations concerning the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples, including the Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Cooperation among States in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, unanimously adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution 2625 (XXV) of 1970, which solemnly proclaims the obligation of States to promote realization of the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples in order to bring an end to colonialism without delay.(b) The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the provisions of article 40 of the Convention are not in accordance with the principle that international multilateral treaties, the aims and objectives of which concern the international community as a whole, should be open to participation by all States.Russian FederationThe Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics will not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3, article 13, paragraph 2, article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2 and article 31, paragraph 1 (b) of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as applied to States not entitled to become Parties to the Single Convention on the basis of the procedure provided for in article 40 of that Convention.The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics deems it essential to draw attention to the discriminatory character of article 40, paragraph 1, of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, under the terms of which certain States are not entitled to become Parties to the said Convention. The Single Convention concerns matters which are of interest to all States and has as its objective the enlistment of the efforts of all countries in the struggle against the social evil of the abuse of narcotics. The Convention should therefore be open to all countries. According to the principle of the sovereign equality of States, no States have the right to deny to other countries the possibility of participating in a Convention of this type.Saudi Arabia<superscript>24</superscript>"The accession of the Government of Saudi Arabia to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs shall not be construed as implying recognition of the so-called State of Israel nor does the accession, in any way, imply the intention of the Government of Saudi Arabia to enter into any intercourse whatsoever with the latter in matters bearing on this Convention."Slovakia<superscript>7</superscript>South Africa"Subject to a reservation in respect of article 48 of the Convention, as provided for in article 50, paragraph 2."Sri LankaThe Government of Ceylon notified the Secretary-General that in respect of article 17 of the Convention, "the existing administration will be maintained for the purpose of applying the provisions of the Convention without setting up a ‘special administration’ for the purpose."The Government added that this was to be considered a statement and not a reservation.SwitzerlandSwitzerland maintains in force article 9 of the Convention for the Suppression of the Illicit Traffic in Dangerous Drugs, signed at Geneva on 26 June 1936.UkraineThe Government of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic will not consider itself bound by the provisions of article 12, paragraphs 2 and 3; article 13, paragraph 2; article 14, paragraphs 1 and 2; and article 31, paragraph 1 (b) of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as applied to States not entitled to become Parties to the Single Convention on the basis of the procedure provided for in article 40 of that Convention.The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic deems it essential to draw attention to the discriminatory character of article 40, paragraph 1, of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, under the terms of which certain States are not entitled to become Parties to the said Convention. The Single Convention concerns matters which are of interest to all States and has as its objective the enlistment of the efforts of all countries in the struggle against the social evil of the abuse of narcotics. The Convention should therefore be open to all countries. According to the principle of the sovereign equality of States, no States have the right to deny to other countries the possibility of participating in a Convention of this type.Territorial Application
ParticipantDate of receipt of the notificationTerritories
Australia 1 Dec 1967All non-metropolitan territories for the international relations of which Australia is responsible, namely, the territories of Papua, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Heard and MacDonald Islands, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, the Australian Antarctic Territory and the Trust Territories of New Guinea and NauruFrance19 Feb 1969The whole of the territory of the French RepublicIndia13 Dec 1964SikkimNetherlands<superscript>12</superscript>16 Jul 1965For the Kingdom in Europe, Surinam and the Netherlands AntillesNew Zealand<superscript>13</superscript>26 Mar 1963Cook Islands (including Niue) and the Tokelau Islands, being non-metropolitan territories for the international relations of which the Government of New Zealand is responsibleUnited Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland<superscript>4,25</superscript>26 Jan 1965Antigua, Bahamas, Basutoland, Bechuanaland Protectorate, Bermuda, British Guiana, British Honduras, British Solomon Islands, British Virgin Islands, Brunei, Cayman Islands, Dominica, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Fiji, Gambia, Gibraltar, Gilbert and Ellice Islands, Grenada, Hong Kong, Mauritius, Montserrat, Seychelles, Southern Rhodesia, St. Christopher and Nevis, St. Helena, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Swaziland, Tonga and Turks and Caicos Islands27 May 1965Colony of Aden and Protectorate of South Arabia 3 May 1966Barbados24 Jun 1977Channel Islands and Isle of ManUnited States of America25 May 1967All areas for the international relations of which the United States is responsible
1<i>Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, Twenty-sixth Session, Supplement No. 1 </i> (E/3169), p. 17.2Signed and ratified on behalf of the Republic of China on 30 March 1961 and 12 May 1969 respectively. See note concerning signatures, ratifications, accessions, etc. on behalf of China (note 1 under “China” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). See also the declaration made by the Government of India upon ratification.3On 27 April 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General that the Convention would apply to Macao.Subsequently, on 19 October and 21 October 1999, the Secretary-General received communications regarding the status of Macao from China and Portugal (see also note 3 under “China” and note 1 under “Portgual” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Macao, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention will also apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region.In addition, the communication by the Government of the People's Republic of China contained the following reservation:The Government of the People's Republic of China has reservation to paragraph 2 of Article 48 of the Convention.Within the above ambit, the Government of the People's Republic of China will assume the responsibility for the international rights and obligations that place on a Party to the Convention.4See note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.5The Republic of Viet-Nam had acceded to the Convention on 14 September 1970. In this regard, see also note 1 under “Viet Nam” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 23 November 1970, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania had stated that the Albanian Government considered the above-mentioned accession to be without any legal validity, since the only representative of the people of South Viet-Nam qualified to speak on its behalf and to enter into international commitments were the Provisional Revolution ary Government of the Republic of South Viet-Nam.A similar communication was received by the Secretary-General on 11 January 1971 from the Permanent Representative of the Mongolian People's Republic to the United Nations.6The former Yugoslavia had signed and ratified the Convention on 30 March 1961 and 27 August 1963, respectively. See also note 1 under "Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.7Czechoslovakia had signed and ratified the Convention on 31 July 1961 and 20 March 1964, respectively, with reservations. For the text of the reservations, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, pp. 361 and 412. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.8See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.9The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Convention on 2 December 1975 with reservations and declarations. For the text of the reservations and declarations see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 987, p. 425.The Secretary-General had also received on 15 March 1976 a communication from the Government of the German Democratic Republic stating in part as follows:In acceding to the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 30 March 1961, the German Democratic Republic started solely from the provisions on accession to this Convention as set forth in its article 40. There was no intention of acceding to the Convention as amended by the Protocol of 25 March 1972.Later, upon its accession to the 1972 Protocol, the Government of the German Democratic Republic declared that the said communication was to be considered as withdrawn.See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.10By a communication received by the Secretary-General on 11 March 1980, the Government of Liechtenstein confirmed that it was not its intention to become a Party to the Convention as modified by the Protocol of 23 March 1972.11See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.12For the Kingdom in Europe, Surinam and the Netherlands Antilles. See also notes 1 and 2 under “Netherlands” regarding Aruba/Netherlands Antilles in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.13See note 1 under “New Zealand” regarding Tokelau in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.14On 12 April 1994, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Greece the following communication: "Accession of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the Single [Convention on] Narcotic Drugs of the United Nations of 1961 does not imply its recognition on behalf of the Hellenic Republic." See also note 1 under “Greece” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.15In the instrument of ratification, the Government of Peru withdrew the reservation made on its behalf at the time of signing the Convention; for the text of that reservation, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 376.16See note 1 under “Uganda” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.17In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 24 October 1979, the Government of Argentina declared that it withdrew the reservation relating to article 49 of the Convention. (For the text of that reservation, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 353.)18For the text of reservations as formulated by the Government of Bulgaria in respect of the same articles of the Convention at the time of its signature, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 355.In a notification received on 6 May 1994, the Government of Bulgaria notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the reservations made by Bulgaria upon ratification with respect to article 48 (2). For the text of the reservations, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 649, p. 362.19In a notification received on 18 January 1980, the Government of Egypt informed the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the declaration relating to Israel. For the text of the said declaration, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 568 p. 364. The notification indicates 25 January 1980 as the effective date of the withdrawal.A communication was received by the Secretary-General on 21 September 1966 from the Government of Israel with reference to the above-mentioned declaration. For the text of the communication see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 573,p. 347.20In a communication received on 8 December 1989, the Government of Hungary notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the reservation in respect of article 48 (2) of the Convention made upon ratification. For the text of the reservation, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 364.21In its instrument of ratification the Government of Indonesia withdraws the declarations made upon signature regarding its intention to make reservations with respect to article 40 (1) and article 42 of the said Convention. For the text of these declarations, corresponding to paragraphs 1 and 2, see United Nations, <i>Treaty Series </i>, vol. 520, p. 368.22Inasmuch as the reservation in question was not formulated by Australia at the time the Convention was originally extended to Papua and New Guinea, it will become effective on the date when it would have done so, pursuant to article 41 (2) and 50 (2) of the Convention, had it been formulated on accession, that is to say the thirtieth day after the deposit of the notification of succession by the Government of Papua New Guinea, i.e., on 27 November 1980.23In a communication received on 19 September 2007, the Government of Romania notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw the reservation in respect of article 48 (2) of the Convention made upon accession. For the text of the reservation, see United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 908, p. 91.24In a communication received by the Secretary-General on 23 May 1972 the Permanent Representative of Israel to the United Nations made the following declaration: "The Government of Israel has noted the political character of the reservation made by the Government of Saudi Arabia on that occasion. In the view of the Government of Israel, this Convention is not the proper place for making such political pronouncements. Moreover, the said pronouncement by the Government of Saudi Arabia cannot in any way affect whatever obligations are binding upon Saudi Arabia, under general international law or under particular treaties. The Government of Israel will, in so far as concerns the substance of the matter, adopt towards the Government of Saudi Arabia an attitude of complete reciprocity."25On 3 October 1983, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Argentina the following objection : [The Government of Argentina makes a] formal objection to the declaration of territorial extension issued by the United Kingdom with regard to the Malvinas Islands (and dependencies), which that country is illegally occupying and refers to as the "Falkland Islands". The Argentine Republic rejects and considers null and void the [said declaration] of territorial extension. With reference to the above-mentioned objection the Secretary-General received, on 28 February 1985, from the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland the following declaration: "The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have no doubt as to their right, by notification to the Depositary under the relevant provisions of the above-mentioned Convention, to extend the application of the Convention in question to the Falkland Islands or to the Falkland Islands Dependencies, as the case may be. For this reason alone, the Government of the United Kingdom are unable to regard the Argentine [communication] under reference as having any legal effect."