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STATUS AS AT : 16-04-2014 08:07:58 EDT
CHAPTER XXVII
ENVIRONMENT
8 .a Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity
Montreal, 29 January 2000
Entry into force
:
11 September 2003, in accordance with article 37(2).
Registration :
11 September 2003, No. 30619
Status :
Signatories : 103. Parties : 167. 1
Text :
United Nations, Treaty Series , vol. 2226, p. 208; depositary notification C.N.251.2000.TREATIES-1 of 27 April 2000; C.N. 1471.2003.TREATIES-41 of 22 December 2003 (Proposal of corrections to the Arabic text of the Protocol) and C.N.291.2004.TREATIES-11 of 26 March 2004 (Rectification of the Arabic text of the Protocol and transmission of the relevant Procès-Verbal) .
Note :
The above Protocol was adopted on 29 January 2000 by the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity at the resumed session of its first extraordinary meeting held in Montreal from 24 to 29 January 2000.  The Protocol will be open for signature by States and by regional economic integration organizations in Nairobi at the United Nations Office from 15 to 26 May 2000, and at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 June 2000 to 4 June 2001, in accordance with its article 36.
Participant
Signature
Ratification, Acceptance(A), Approval(AA), Accession(a), Succession(d)
Afghanistan
  20 Feb 2013 a
Albania
   8 Feb 2005 a
Algeria
25 May 2000
 5 Aug 2004
Angola
  27 Feb 2009 a
Antigua and Barbuda
24 May 2000
10 Sep 2003
Argentina
24 May 2000
 
Armenia
  30 Apr 2004 a
Austria
24 May 2000
27 Aug 2002
Azerbaijan
   1 Apr 2005 a
Bahamas
24 May 2000
15 Jan 2004
Bahrain
   7 Feb 2012 a
Bangladesh
24 May 2000
 5 Feb 2004
Barbados
   6 Sep 2002 a
Belarus
  26 Aug 2002 a
Belgium
24 May 2000
15 Apr 2004
Belize
  12 Feb 2004 a
Benin
24 May 2000
 2 Mar 2005
Bhutan
  26 Aug 2002 a
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
24 May 2000
22 Apr 2002
Bosnia and Herzegovina
   1 Oct 2009 a
Botswana
 1 Jun 2001
11 Jun 2002
Brazil
  24 Nov 2003 a
Bulgaria
24 May 2000
13 Oct 2000
Burkina Faso
24 May 2000
 4 Aug 2003
Burundi
   2 Oct 2008 a
Cabo Verde
   1 Nov 2005 a
Cambodia
  17 Sep 2003 a
Cameroon
 9 Feb 2001
20 Feb 2003
Canada
19 Apr 2001
 
Central African Republic
24 May 2000
18 Nov 2008
Chad
24 May 2000
 1 Nov 2006
Chile
24 May 2000
 
China 2
 8 Aug 2000
 8 Jun 2005 AA
Colombia
24 May 2000
20 May 2003
Comoros
  25 Mar 2009 a
Congo
21 Nov 2000
13 Jul 2006
Cook Islands
21 May 2001
 
Costa Rica
24 May 2000
 6 Feb 2007
Croatia
 8 Sep 2000
29 Aug 2002
Cuba
24 May 2000
17 Sep 2002
Cyprus
   5 Dec 2003 a
Czech Republic
24 May 2000
 8 Oct 2001
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
20 Apr 2001
29 Jul 2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  23 Mar 2005 a
Denmark 3
24 May 2000
27 Aug 2002
Djibouti
   8 Apr 2002 a
Dominica
  13 Jul 2004 a
Dominican Republic
  20 Jun 2006 a
Ecuador
24 May 2000
30 Jan 2003
Egypt
20 Dec 2000
23 Dec 2003
El Salvador
24 May 2000
26 Sep 2003
Eritrea
  10 Mar 2005 a
Estonia
 6 Sep 2000
24 Mar 2004
Ethiopia
24 May 2000
 9 Oct 2003
European Union
24 May 2000
27 Aug 2002 AA
Fiji
 2 May 2001
 5 Jun 2001
Finland
24 May 2000
 9 Jul 2004
France
24 May 2000
 7 Apr 2003 AA
Gabon
   2 May 2007 a
Gambia
24 May 2000
 9 Jun 2004
Georgia
   4 Nov 2008 a
Germany
24 May 2000
20 Nov 2003
Ghana
  30 May 2003 a
Greece
24 May 2000
21 May 2004
Grenada
24 May 2000
 5 Feb 2004
Guatemala
  28 Oct 2004 a
Guinea
24 May 2000
11 Dec 2007
Guinea-Bissau
  19 May 2010 a
Guyana
  18 Mar 2008 a
Haiti
24 May 2000
 
Honduras
24 May 2000
18 Nov 2008
Hungary
24 May 2000
13 Jan 2004
Iceland
 1 Jun 2001
 
India
23 Jan 2001
17 Jan 2003
Indonesia
24 May 2000
 3 Dec 2004
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
23 Apr 2001
20 Nov 2003
Iraq
   3 Mar 2014 a
Ireland
24 May 2000
14 Nov 2003
Italy
24 May 2000
24 Mar 2004
Jamaica
 4 Jun 2001
25 Sep 2012
Japan
  21 Nov 2003 a
Jordan
11 Oct 2000
11 Nov 2003
Kazakhstan
   8 Sep 2008 a
Kenya
15 May 2000
24 Jan 2002
Kiribati
 7 Sep 2000
20 Apr 2004
Kyrgyzstan
   5 Oct 2005 a
Lao People's Democratic Republic
   3 Aug 2004 a
Latvia
  13 Feb 2004 a
Lebanon
   6 Feb 2013 a
Lesotho
  20 Sep 2001 a
Liberia
  15 Feb 2002 a
Libya
  14 Jun 2005 a
Lithuania
24 May 2000
 7 Nov 2003
Luxembourg
11 Jul 2000
28 Aug 2002
Madagascar
14 Sep 2000
24 Nov 2003
Malawi
24 May 2000
27 Feb 2009
Malaysia
24 May 2000
 3 Sep 2003
Maldives
   3 Sep 2002 a
Mali
 4 Apr 2001
28 Aug 2002
Malta
   5 Jan 2007 a
Marshall Islands
  27 Jan 2003 a
Mauritania
  22 Jul 2005 a
Mauritius
  11 Apr 2002 a
Mexico
24 May 2000
27 Aug 2002
Monaco
24 May 2000
 
Mongolia
  22 Jul 2003 a
Montenegro 4
  23 Oct 2006 d
Morocco
25 May 2000
25 Apr 2011
Mozambique
24 May 2000
21 Oct 2002
Myanmar
11 May 2001
13 Feb 2008
Namibia
24 May 2000
10 Feb 2005
Nauru
  12 Nov 2001 a
Nepal
 2 Mar 2001
 
Netherlands
24 May 2000
 8 Jan 2002 A
New Zealand 5
24 May 2000
24 Feb 2005
Nicaragua
26 May 2000
28 Aug 2002
Niger
24 May 2000
30 Sep 2004
Nigeria
24 May 2000
15 Jul 2003
Niue
   8 Jul 2002 a
Norway
24 May 2000
10 May 2001
Oman
  11 Apr 2003 a
Pakistan
 4 Jun 2001
 2 Mar 2009
Palau
29 May 2001
13 Jun 2003
Panama
11 May 2001
 1 May 2002
Papua New Guinea
  14 Oct 2005 a
Paraguay
 3 May 2001
10 Mar 2004
Peru
24 May 2000
14 Apr 2004
Philippines
24 May 2000
 5 Oct 2006
Poland
24 May 2000
10 Dec 2003
Portugal
24 May 2000
30 Sep 2004 A
Qatar
  14 Mar 2007 a
Republic of Korea
 6 Sep 2000
 3 Oct 2007
Republic of Moldova
14 Feb 2001
 4 Mar 2003
Romania
11 Oct 2000
30 Jun 2003
Rwanda
24 May 2000
22 Jul 2004
Samoa
24 May 2000
30 May 2002
Saudi Arabia
   9 Aug 2007 a
Senegal
31 Oct 2000
 8 Oct 2003
Serbia
   8 Feb 2006 a
Seychelles
23 Jan 2001
13 May 2004
Slovakia
24 May 2000
24 Nov 2003
Slovenia
24 May 2000
20 Nov 2002
Solomon Islands
  28 Jul 2004 a
Somalia
  26 Jul 2010 a
South Africa
  14 Aug 2003 a
Spain
24 May 2000
16 Jan 2002
Sri Lanka
24 May 2000
28 Apr 2004
St. Kitts and Nevis
  23 May 2001 a
St. Lucia
  16 Jun 2005 a
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
  27 Aug 2003 a
Sudan
  13 Jun 2005 a
Suriname
  27 Mar 2008 a
Swaziland
  13 Jan 2006 a
Sweden
24 May 2000
 8 Aug 2002
Switzerland
24 May 2000
26 Mar 2002
Syrian Arab Republic
   1 Apr 2004 a
Tajikistan
  12 Feb 2004 a
Thailand
  10 Nov 2005 a
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
26 Jul 2000
14 Jun 2005
Togo
24 May 2000
 2 Jul 2004
Tonga
  18 Sep 2003 a
Trinidad and Tobago
   5 Oct 2000 a
Tunisia
19 Apr 2001
22 Jan 2003
Turkey
24 May 2000
24 Oct 2003
Turkmenistan
  21 Aug 2008 a
Uganda
24 May 2000
30 Nov 2001
Ukraine
   6 Dec 2002 a
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
24 May 2000
19 Nov 2003
United Republic of Tanzania
  24 Apr 2003 a
Uruguay
 1 Jun 2001
 2 Nov 2011
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
24 May 2000
13 May 2002
Viet Nam
  21 Jan 2004 a
Yemen
   1 Dec 2005 a
Zambia
  27 Apr 2004 a
Zimbabwe
 4 Jun 2001
25 Feb 2005
Declarations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations were made upon ratification,
accession, acceptance, approval or succession.)
European Union

Declaration:
       "The European Community declares that, in accordance with the Treaty establishing the European Community, and in particular Article 175(l) thereof, it is competent for entering into international agreements, and for implementing the obligations resulting therefrom, which contribute to the pursuit of the following objectives:
       - preserving, protecting and improving the quality of the environment;
       - protecting human health;
       - prudent and rational utilisation of natural resources;
       - promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems.
       Moreover, the European Community declares that it has already adopted legal instruments, binding on its Member States, covering matters governed by this Protocol, and will submit and update, as appropriate, a list of those legal instruments to the Biosafety Clearing House in accordance with Article 20(3)(a) of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety.
       The European Community is responsible for the performance of those obligations resulting from the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety which are covered by Community law in force.
       The exercise of Community competence is, by its nature, subject to continuous development."

Syrian Arab Republic

Declaration:
       [The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic] affirms, however, that the accession of the Syrian Arab Republic to the said Protocol in no way signifies recognition of Israel nor shall it be conducive to entry into any dealings therewith in respect of matters governed by that Protocol.

End Note
1.For the purpose of entry into force of the [Convention/Protocol] , any instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of that Organization.
2.With the following declaration in respect of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and Macao Special Administrative Region:

In accordance with the provisions of Article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and Article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Protocol shall not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China until the Government of the People's Republic of China notifies otherwise.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communication from the People's Republic of China:

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Protocol applies to the Hong King Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

3.With a territorial exclusion in respect of the Faroe Islands and Greenland.
4.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
5.With the following territorial exclusion:

"... consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."