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B . Road Traffic
16 .78 Regulation No. 78. Uniform provisions concerning the approval of vehicles of categories L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5 with regard to braking
15 October 1988
Entry into force
15 October 1988, in accordance with article (5).
Registration :
15 October 1988, No. 4789
Status :
Parties : 35
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 1515, p. 281 and doc. E/ECE/324-E/ECE/TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.77; vol. 1583, p. 313 and doc. /ECE/324-E/E/ECE/ TRANS/505/Rev.1/Add.77/Amend.1 (amendments series 01); depositary notification C.N.115.1992.TREATIES-11 of 1 July 1992 (procès-verbal concerning modifications); vol. 1849, p. 375 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP29/381 and Corr.1 (amendments series 02); vol.1861, p.450 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP29/406 (supplement 1 to amendments series 02); vol. 1964, p. 400 and doc. TRANS/SC1/WP.29/514 (supplement 2 to amendments series 02); C.N.616.2002.TREATIES-1 of 7 June 2002 and doc. TRANS/WP.29/851 (supplement 3 to amendments series 02) and C.N.1159.2002.TREATIES-2 of 9 December 2002 (adoption); C.N.1202.2006.TREATIES-1 of 18 December 2006 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2006/133 + Amend. 1 (amendments series 03) and C.N.711.2007.TREATIES-2 of 10 July 2007 (adoption); C.N.249.2008.TREATIES-1 of 8 April 2008 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2008/4 (modifications); C.N.605.2008.TREATIES-1 of 26 August 2008 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2008/64 + amendments referred to in para. 38 of the report (supplement 1 to amendments series 03) and C.N.58.2009.TREATIES-2 of 27 February 2009 (adoption); C.N.468.2010.TREATIES-2 of 30 July 2010 and doc. ECE/TRANS/WP.29/2010/68 (modifications); C.N.237.2015.TREATIES.XI.B.16.78 of 8 April 2015 (proposal of amendements) and C.N.553.2015.TREATIES-XI.B.16.78 of 2 November 2015 (adoption).1
Contracting Parties applying Regulation No. 78 2
Application of regulation, Succession(d)
 1 Jun 2010
 3 May 1995
20 Oct 1989
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3
28 Sep 1998 d
Croatia 3
17 Mar 1994 d
Czech Republic 4
 2 Jun 1993 d
 5 Dec 2012
26 May 1999
European Union 5
23 Jan 1998
11 Feb 1991
France 6
15 Oct 1988
Germany 7
14 Jan 1991
 7 Nov 1990
Italy 6
15 Oct 1988
19 Apr 2007
19 Nov 1998
28 Jan 2002
29 Jun 1990
 3 Feb 2006
Montenegro 8
23 Oct 2006 d
28 Nov 1988
 6 Jan 1999
14 Sep 1992
 7 Mar 1996
Russian Federation
 8 Feb 1996
San Marino
27 Nov 2015
Serbia 3
12 Mar 2001 d
Slovakia 4
28 May 1993 d
Slovenia 3
 3 Nov 1992 d
30 Mar 1992
17 Jun 1993
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 3
 1 Apr 1998 d
 8 May 2000
 9 Aug 2002
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
22 Jun 1990
End Note
1. For additional references to the texts of the annexed regulations and their amendments, see doc. TRANS/WP.29/343 as updated annually.
2.For technical reasons and in order to align this chapter with all others in the publication, the date indicated is no longer the date of effect of the regulation for the Contracting Party, but the date of receipt of the notification of application by the Secretary-General.
3.The former Yugoslavia applied Regulation No. 78 as from 21 February 1989. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
4.Czechoslovakia applied Regulation No. 78 as from 1 January 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
5.In a letter dated 29 July 1998, the European Community informed the Secretary-General of the following:
"The accession of the EC has the effect that the [...] regulations adhered to are not (in cases where a Member State already applied a regulation: no longer) applied by Member States by virtue of their status as Contracting Parties to the Agreement but exclusively in their capacity as Member States of the Contracting Party European Community. Thus, the 14 Member States already Contracting Parties themselves, now apply all [these] regulations by virtue of the EC's accession."
... By the EC accession, Ireland has not become a Contracting Party. Only the EC has become a Contracting Party. Ireland being a Member State of this Contracting Party applies the [...] regulations [adhered to by the EC] by virtue of the EC's accession.
It will be recalled that, as at 29 July 1999, States Members of the EC are: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.
6.Contracting State having proposed the Regulation and date of entry into force of the Regulation for that State in accordance with article 1 (3).
7.The German Democratic Republic applied Regulation No. 78 as from 24 April 1989.
With regard to the above, the Government of the Federal Republic of Germany in a communication received on 14 January 1991, informed the Secretary-General of the following:
- [Regulation No. 78 which had] so far been applied only by the German Democratic Republic shall be applied by the Federal Republic of Germany as from 3 October 1990, the date when the German Democratic Republic acceded to the Federal Republic of Germany:
The notification further states that it “. . . does not constitute a general statement of position by the Federal Republic of Germany on the question of state succession in relation to treaties.”
See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
8.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.