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STATUS AS AT : 19-04-2014 05:02:56 EDT
CHAPTER VI
NARCOTIC DRUGS AND PSYCHOTROPIC SUBSTANCES
14 . Protocol for Limiting and Regulating the Cultivation of the Poppy Plant, the Production of, International and Wholesale Trade in, and use of Opium
New York, 23 June 1953
Entry into force
:
8 March 1963, in accordance with article 21.
Registration :
8 March 1963, No. 6555
Status :
Signatories : 34. Parties : 51
Text :
United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 456, p. 3.
Note :
The Protocol was adopted and opened for signature by the United Nations Opium Conference, held at United Nations Headquarters, New York, from 11 May to 18 June 1953.  The Conference was convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations pursuant to resolution 436 A (XIV)1 of 27 May 1952 of the United Nations Economic and Social Council.  The Conference also adopted the Final Act and seventeen resolutions, for the text of which see United Nations,  Treaty Series , vol. 456, p. 3.
In accordance with its article 44 (1), the provisions of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended by the Protocol amending the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961 of 8 August 1975, as between the parties thereto, terminates and replaces the provisions of the above Protocol. See chapter VI.18.
Participant 2
Signature, Succession to signature(d)
Ratification, Accession(a), Succession(d)
Argentina
  24 Mar 1958 a
Australia
  13 Jan 1955 a
Belgium
  30 Jun 1958 a
Brazil
   3 Nov 1959 a
Cambodia
29 Dec 1953
22 Mar 1957
Cameroon
  15 Jan 1962 d
Canada
23 Dec 1953
 7 May 1954
Central African Republic
   4 Sep 1962 d
Chile
 9 Jul 1953
 9 May 1957
China 3
  25 May 1954
Congo
  15 Oct 1962 d
Costa Rica
16 Oct 1953
 
Côte d'Ivoire
   8 Dec 1961 d
Cuba
   8 Sep 1954 a
Democratic Republic of the Congo
  31 May 1962 d
Denmark
23 Jun 1953
20 Jul 1954
Dominican Republic
23 Jun 1953
 9 Jun 1958
Ecuador
23 Jun 1953
17 Aug 1955
Egypt
23 Jun 1953
 8 Mar 1954
El Salvador
  31 Dec 1959 a
France
23 Jun 1953
21 Apr 1954
Germany 4, 5
23 Jun 1953
12 Aug 1959
Greece
23 Jun 1953
 6 Feb 1963
Guatemala
  29 May 1956 a
India
23 Jun 1953
30 Apr 1954
Indonesia
  11 Jul 1957 a
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
15 Dec 1953
30 Dec 1959
Iraq
29 Dec 1953
 
Israel
30 Dec 1953
 8 Oct 1957
Italy
23 Jun 1953
13 Nov 1957
Japan
23 Jun 1953
21 Jul 1954
Jordan
   7 May 1958 a
Lebanon
11 Nov 1953
 
Liechtenstein
23 Jun 1953
24 May 1961
Luxembourg
  28 Jun 1955 a
Madagascar
  31 Jul 1963 d
Monaco
26 Jun 1953
12 Apr 1956
Montenegro 6
23 Oct 2006 d
 
Netherlands
30 Dec 1953
 
New Zealand 7
[28 Dec 1953 ]
[  2 Nov 1956 ]
Nicaragua
  11 Dec 1959 a
Niger
   7 Dec 1964 d
Pakistan
 3 Dec 1953
10 Mar 1955
Panama
28 Dec 1953
13 Apr 1954
Papua New Guinea
  28 Oct 1980 d
Paraguay
  15 Aug 2001 a
Philippines
23 Jun 1953
 1 Jun 1955
Republic of Korea
23 Jun 1953
29 Apr 1958
Rwanda
  30 Apr 1964 d
Senegal
   2 May 1963 d
Serbia 8
12 Mar 2001 d
 
South Africa
29 Dec 1953
 9 Mar 1960
Spain
22 Oct 1953
15 Jun 1956
Sri Lanka
   4 Dec 1957 a
Sweden
  16 Jan 1958 a
Switzerland
23 Jun 1953
27 Nov 1956
Turkey
28 Dec 1953
15 Jul 1963
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
23 Jun 1953
 
United States of America
23 Jun 1953
18 Feb 1955
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
30 Dec 1953
 
Declarations and Reservations
(Unless otherwise indicated, the declarations and reservations were made upon
ratification, accession or succession.)
Cambodia
       The Royal Government of Cambodia expresses its intention of availing itself of the provisions of article 19 of the Protocol.

France
       It is expressly declared that the French Government reserves the right, in respect of French establishments in India, to apply the transitional measures of article 19 of this Protocol, it being understood that the period mentioned in paragraph 1, sub-paragraph (b) (iii) of that article shall be fifteen years after the coming into effect of this Protocol.
       The French Government likewise reserves the right in accordance with the transitional measures of article 19 to authorize the export of opium to French establishments in India for the same period of time.

India
       "1. It is hereby expressly declared that the Government of India, in accordance with the provisions of article 19 of this Protocol, will permit
       "(i) The use of opium for quasi-medical purposes until 31 December 1959;
       "(ii) The production of opium and the export thereof, for quasi-medical purposes, to Pakistan, Ceylon, Aden and the French and Portuguese possessions on the subcontinent of India for a period of fifteen years from the date of the coming into force of this Protocol; and
       "(iii) The smoking of opium, for their lifetime, by addicts not under 21 years of age, registered by the appropriate authorities for that purpose on or before 30 September 1953.
       "2. The Government of India expressly reserve to them selves the right to modify this declaration or to make any other declaration under article 19 of this Protocol, at the time of the deposit by them of their instrument of ratification."

Iran (Islamic Republic of)
       "The Imperial Government of Iran, in accordance with article 25 of the Protocol for Limiting and Regulating the Cultivation of the Poppy Plant, the Production of, International and Wholesale Trade in, and Use of Opium, done at New York on 23 June 1953, and in accordance with article 16 of the Bill approved by the Iranian Parliament on 16 Bahman 1337 (7 February 1959), declares its ratification of the Protocol, and hereby further specifies that its ratification of the Protocol will in no way affect the status of the Law providing for the Prohibition of the Poppy Cultivation, as approved by Parliament on 7 Aban 1334 (30 October 1955)."

Pakistan
       "The Government of Pakistan will permit for a period of fifteen years after the coming into effect of the said Protocol:  (i)  the use of opium for quasi-medical purposes; and (ii) the production of opium and/or import thereof from India or Iran for such purposes."

Territorial Application
Participant
Date of receipt of the notification
Territories
Australia 13 Jan 1955 Norfolk Island, Papua, Trust Territory of Naura and Trust Territory of New Guinea
Belgium 30 Jun 1958 Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi
France 21 Apr 1954 Territories of the French Union
New Zealand 2 Nov 1956 Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau Islands and Trust Territory of Western Samoa
South Africa 29 Dec 1953 South West Africa
United States of America 18 Feb 1955 All areas for the international relations of which the United States is responsible
End Note
1.Official Records of the Economic and Social Council, Fourteenth Session, Supplement No. 1 (E/2332), p. 28.
2.The Protocol had been signed on behalf of the Republic of Viet-Nam on 23 June 1953.  See also note 1 under “Viet Nam” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
3.Signed and ratified on behalf of the Republic of China on 18 September 1953 and 25 May 1954, respectively.  See note concerning signatures, ratifications, accessions, etc. on behalf of China (note 1 under “China” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume).

In communications addressed to the Secretary-General with reference to the above-mentioned signature and/or ratification, the Permanent Missions to the United Nations of Czechoslovakia, Denmark, India, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Yugoslavia stated that, since their Governments did not recognize the Nationalist Chinese authorities as the Government of China, they could not regard the said signature or ratification as valid.  The Permanent Missions of Czechoslovakia and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics further stated that the sole authorities entitled to act for China and the Chinese people in the United Nations and in international relations, and to sign, ratify, accede or denounce treaties, conventions and agreements on behalf of China, were the Government of the People's Republic of China and its duly appointed representatives.

In a note addressed to the Secretary-General, the Permanent Mission of China to the United Nations stated that the Government of the Republic of China was the only legal Government which represented China and the Chinese people in international relations and that, therefore, the allegations made in the above-mentioned communica tions as to the lack of validity of the signature or ratification in question had no legal foundation whatever.

4.See  note 1 under “Germany” concerning Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
5.See note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.
6.See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.
7.The instrument of denunciation of the Protocol was deposited by the Government of New Zealand on 17 December 1968 in respect of the metropolitan territory of New Zealand and in respect of the Cook Islands, Niue and Tokelau Islands, the denunciation to take effect on 1 January 1969.
8.The former Yugoslavia had signed the Protocol on 24 June 1953. See also note 1 under "Bosnia and Herzegovina", "Croatia", "former Yugoslavia", "Slovenia", "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia" and "Yugoslavia"  in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.